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  1. Content type: Protocol

    In postural stability evaluation, the dual-task concept is often adopted in order to create a more challenging situation. The dual-task consists of performing simultaneously two tasks, a primary static or dyna...

    Authors: Luca Petrigna, Ewan Thomas, Ambra Gentile, Antonio Paoli, Simona Pajaujiene, Antonio Palma and Antonino Bianco

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:188

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  2. Content type: Protocol

    Improving upper limb (UL) motor recovery after stroke represents a major clinical and scientific goal. We aim to complete three systematic reviews to estimate the (1) association between time to start of UL th...

    Authors: Kathryn S. Hayward, Sharon F. Kramer, Vincent Thijs, Julie Ratcliffe, Nick S. Ward, Leonid Churilov, Laura Jolliffe, Dale Corbett, Geoffrey Cloud, Tina Kaffenberger, Amy Brodtmann, Julie Bernhardt and Natasha A. Lannin

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:187

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  3. Content type: Protocol

    Opiate agonist therapy (OAT) prescribing rates by family physicians are low in the context of community-based, comprehensive primary care. Understanding the factors that support and/or inhibit OAT prescribing ...

    Authors: Lara L. Nixon, Jazmin C. Marlinga, K. Alix Hayden and Kelly J. Mrklas

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:186

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  4. Content type: Protocol

    There has been an identified need for greater patient and family member involvement in healthcare. This is particularly relevant in an intensive care unit (ICU), as the family provides a key communicative and ...

    Authors: Andreas Xyrichis, Simon Fletcher, Sally Brearley, Julia Philippou, Ed Purssell, Marius Terblanche, Anne Marie Rafferty and Scott Reeves

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:185

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  5. Content type: Research

    Infant mental health has emerged as a unique area of practice and research distinguished from child and youth sub-specialties by its advocacy for a relational practice framework with an emphasis on parents/car...

    Authors: Alan McLuckie, Ashley L. Landers, Janet A. Curran, Robin Cann, Domenica H. Carrese, Alicia Nolan, Kim Corrigan and Normand J. Carrey

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:183

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  6. Content type: Protocol

    Nursing care quality varies between hospitals, and even between departments within the same institution. Suboptimal care can have deleterious consequences for patients such as lengthened hospital stay, nosocom...

    Authors: Joachim Rapin, Joanie Pellet, Cedric Mabire, Sylvie Gendron and Carl-Ardy Dubois

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:182

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  7. Content type: Protocol

    Defined as a headache lasting at least 15 days per month, chronic headache is reported by 3% of the general population, and a substantial proportion of them are refractory to current therapies. Occipital nerve...

    Authors: Sylvine Carrondo Cottin, Nevair Gallani, Léo Cantin and Michel Prud’Homme

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:181

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  8. Content type: Protocol

    An increasing number of studies have investigated the clinical epidemiology and outcomes of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in intensive care units. However, these findings have not been clearly defined ...

    Authors: John Mark M. Gutiérrez, Annabelle R. Borromeo, Allan L. Dueño, Emmanuel D. Paragas Jr, Rosanta O. Ellasus, Russel S. Abalos-Fabia, Jerry A. Abriam, Arnel E. Sonido, Monina A. Hernandez, Alain Jason A. Generale, Roberto C. Sombillo, Mary Grace C. Lacanaria, Mae M. Centeno, Jose Reinhard C. Laoingco and John Anthony A. Domantay

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:180

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  9. Content type: Protocol

    Depression is a leading contributor to disability-adjusted life-years because of early onset and chronicity throughout the lifecycle. It is crucial to identify early predictors of depression among adolescents ...

    Authors: Gloria A. Pedersen, Zuzanna Zajkowska, Christian Kieling, Kamal Gautam, Valeria Mondelli, Helen L. Fisher, Johnna R. Swartz, Abiodun Adewuya, Rakesh Karmacharya and Brandon A. Kohrt

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:179

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  10. Content type: Research

    The operation areas of clowns in the medical context are multifaceted. Clowning in children undergoing surgery has been shown to be able to lessen children’s anxiety. Hence, our aim was to assess the effective...

    Authors: Nadja Könsgen, Stephanie Polus, Tanja Rombey and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:178

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  11. Content type: Research

    School tobacco policies (STPs) that aim to achieve a tobacco-free environment require consistent enforcement by school staff. However, little is known about why staff choose whether or not to enforce STPs. The...

    Authors: Anu Linnansaari, Michael Schreuders, Anton E. Kunst, Arja Rimpelä and Pirjo Lindfors

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:177

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  12. Content type: Protocol

    Health workers routinely carry out clinical behaviours, such as prescribing, test-ordering or hand-washing, which impact on patient diagnoses, care, treatment and recovery. Social norms are the implicit or exp...

    Authors: Sarah Cotterill, Rachael Powell, Sarah Rhodes, Benjamin Brown, Jane Roberts, Mei Yee Tang and Jack Wilkinson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:176

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  13. Content type: Protocol

    Schistosomiasis is one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), being regarded as a neglected tropical disease in sub-Saharan Africa. Praziquantel is the convention...

    Authors: Gloire-Aimé Aganze Mushebenge, Tivani Mashamba-Thompson and Manimbulu Nlooto

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:175

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  14. Content type: Research

    Research articles tend to focus on positive findings in their abstract, especially if multiple outcomes have been studied. At the same time, search queries in databases are generally limited to the abstract, t...

    Authors: Bram Duyx, Gerard M. H. Swaen, Miriam J. E. Urlings, Lex M. Bouter and Maurice P. Zeegers

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:174

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  15. Content type: Protocol

    Super diversity has become a twenty-first-century phenomena in the UK. The Five Year Forward View Plan for Mental Health commits to improving access to Perinatal Mental Health services for all new mothers. Exi...

    Authors: Harpreet Kaur Sihre, Anne-Marie Simons, Paramjit Gill, Antje Lindenmeyer and Qulsom Fazil

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:173

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  16. Content type: Protocol

    Hearing loss in newborns and children is a public health concern, due to high prevalence and negative effects on their development. Early detection and intervention of childhood hearing loss may mitigate these...

    Authors: Bénédicte Vos, Dorie Noll, Marie Pigeon, Marlene Bagatto and Elizabeth M. Fitzpatrick

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:172

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  17. Content type: Methodology

    Lung cancer (LC) is the most common cause of cancer death in the world and associated with significant economic burden. We conducted a review of published literature to identify prognostic factors associated w...

    Authors: Ruth Lewis, Maggie Hendry, Nafees Din, Marian A. Stanciu, Sadia Nafees, Annie Hendry, Zhi Hao Teoh, Thomas Lloyd, Rachel Parsonage, Richard D. Neal, Gareth Collier and Dyfed W. Huws

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:171

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  18. Content type: Protocol

    Psychiatric disorders are highly prevalent and associated with great symptomatic, functional, and health economic burdens. Psychotherapy is among the recommended and used interventions for most psychiatric dis...

    Authors: Sophie Juul, Stig Poulsen, Susanne Lunn, Per Sørensen, Janus Christian Jakobsen and Sebastian Simonsen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:169

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  19. Content type: Protocol

    This systemic review aims to synthesise the current literature surrounding off-therapy surveillance imaging in children and young people with extra-cranial solid tumours, with a view to establishing if routine...

    Authors: Jessica E. Morgan, Melissa Harden and Robert S. Phillips

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:168

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  20. Content type: Protocol

    Depression is a common comorbidity in type 2 diabetes. Studies have consistently shown that major depression is associated with decreased diabetic self-care behaviour. People with subthreshold depression exper...

    Authors: Monika Shrestha, Amal Al-Ghareeb, Fatimah Alenazi and Richard Gray

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:167

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  21. Content type: Commentary

    Reporting standards in biomedical research have been shown to be suboptimal. The publication of the PRISMA statement has improved the completeness of reporting of systematic reviews, but several issues specifi...

    Authors: Trevor A. McGrath, David Moher and Matthew D. F. McInnes

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:166

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  22. Content type: Protocol

    Seriously ill children suffer from numerous symptoms at the end of their lives, including pain, anxiety, and restricted communication. There are currently no comprehensive overviews of which health interventio...

    Authors: Veerle E. Piette, Joachim Cohen, Luc Deliens, Nele Pauwels, Jutte van der Werff ten Bosch and Kim Beernaert

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:165

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  23. Content type: Protocol

    Physically aggressive behaviors are very common among older people living with cognitive impairment. These behaviors may have significant consequences for family and formal caregivers, as well as for the other...

    Authors: Anne Bourbonnais, Marie-Hélène Goulet, Philippe Landreville, Edith Ellefsen, Caroline Larue, Marie-Hélène Lalonde and Paul L. Gendreau

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:164

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  24. Content type: Protocol

    Early diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) have been shown to reduce the impact of TB illness particularly, among TB key populations such as people living with HIV/AIDS, prisoners, refugees, migrants, ...

    Authors: Desmond Kuupiel, Vitalis Bawontuo and Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:162

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  25. Content type: Protocol

    Sexual dysfunction refers to a chain of psychiatric, individual, and couple’s experiences that manifests itself as a dysfunction in sexual desire, sexual arousal, orgasm, and pain during intercourse. The aim o...

    Authors: Mojdeh Banaei, Maryam Azizi, Azam Moridi, Sareh Dashti, Asiyeh Pormehr Yabandeh and Nasibeh Roozbeh

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:161

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  26. Content type: Protocol

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and intimate partner violence (IPV) remain highly sensitive areas that have issues to do with stigmatization in many African countries. Despite the fact that there ...

    Authors: Felix Apiribu, Busisiwe Purity Ncama and Elizabeth Joseph-Shehu

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:159

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  27. Content type: Protocol

    Dementia is one of the greatest health and care priorities globally. Caring for persons with dementia is a challenge and often leads to negative psychological, physiological and financial consequences for info...

    Authors: Vimal Sriram, Crispin Jenkinson and Michele Peters

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:158

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  28. Content type: Protocol

    Trauma represents a major global health problem projected to increase in importance over the next decade. The majority of deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where survival rates are lower...

    Authors: John Whitaker, Max Denning, Nollaig O’Donohoe, Dan Poenaru, Elena Guadagno, Andy Leather and Justine Davies

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:157

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  29. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], the authors opted to revise Table 1. Below is the updated version of the table.

    Authors: Lisa Biernatzki, Silke Kuske, Jutta Genz, Michaela Ritschel, Astrid Stephan, Christina Bächle, Sigrid Droste, Sandra Grobosch, Nicole Ernstmann, Nadja Chernyak and Andrea Icks

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:156

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    The original article was published in Systematic Reviews 2018 7:27

  30. Content type: Research

    The World Health Organization estimates that 29% of under-five mortality could be prevented with existing vaccines. However, non-consistent attendance for immunization appointments remains a global challenge t...

    Authors: Zeleke Abebaw Mekonnen, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Martin C. Were, Kassahun Dessie Gashu and Binyam Chakilu Tilahun

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:154

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  31. Content type: Research

    Understanding the effects of gait speed on biomechanical variables is fundamental for a proper evaluation of alterations in gait, since pathological individuals tend to walk slower than healthy controls. There...

    Authors: Claudiane Arakaki Fukuchi, Reginaldo Kisho Fukuchi and Marcos Duarte

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:153

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  32. Content type: Letter

    Much effort is made to ensure Cochrane reviews are based on reliably extracted data. There is a commitment to wide access to these data—for novel processing and/or reuse—but delivering this access is problematic.

    Authors: Lena Schmidt, Farhad Shokraneh, Kirsten Steinhausen and Clive E. Adams

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:151

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  33. Content type: Protocol

    Phase III randomised controlled trials aim not just to increase the sum of human knowledge, but also to improve treatment, care or prevention for future patients through changing policy and practice. To achiev...

    Authors: Annabelle South, Julia Bailey, Mahesh K. B. Parmar and Claire L. Vale

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:150

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  34. Content type: Protocol

    Asthma is a major worldwide public health problem affecting an estimated 334 million people with over 300,000 deaths annually. Twenty-two million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) are lost annually due to...

    Authors: Pisirai Ndarukwa, Moses John Chimbari and Elopy N. Sibanda

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:149

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  35. Content type: Protocol

    Even though data suggest that palliative care (PC) improves patient quality of life, caregiver burden, cost, and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, integration of PC in the ICU is far from being univers...

    Authors: Victoria Metaxa, Despina Anagnostou, Savvas Vlachos, Nishkantha Arulkumaran, Ingeborg van Dusseldorp, Sherihane Bensemmane, Rebecca Aslakson, Judy E. Davidson, Rik Gerritsen, Christiane Hartog and Randall Curtis

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:148

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  36. Content type: Protocol

    Obesity is increasing globally. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is strongly associated with obesity. Kidney function is commonly estimated with equations using creatinine (such as CKD-EPI equation) which is a pro...

    Authors: Sriram Sriperumbuduri, Robert Dent, Janine Malcolm, Swapnil Hiremath, Ran Klein, Christine A. White, Pierre Antoine Brown and Ayub Akbari

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:147

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  37. Content type: Protocol

    Ocular toxoplasmosis (OT) is the most common cause of posterior uveitis, leading to visual impairment in a high proportion of patients. Antibiotics and corticosteroids lower the risk of permanent visual impair...

    Authors: John E. Feliciano-Alfonso, Andrés Vargas-Villanueva, María Alejandra Marín, Laura Triviño, Natalia Carvajal, Manuela Moreno, Tatiana Luna, Clara Lopez de Mesa, Juliana Muñoz-Ortiz and Alejandra de-la-Torre

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:146

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  38. Content type: Research

    New software packages help to improve the efficiency of conducting a systematic review through automation of key steps in the systematic review. The aim of this study was to gather qualitative data on the usab...

    Authors: Gina Cleo, Anna Mae Scott, Farhana Islam, Blair Julien and Elaine Beller

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:145

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  39. Content type: Protocol

    There is some evidence that simply measuring physical activity alone can increase self-reported physical activity behaviour. Objective measures of physical activity in intervention studies have increased subst...

    Authors: Nicole Freene, Rachel Davey and Steven M. McPhail

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:144

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  40. Content type: Protocol

    Tendinopathies are specific degenerative conditions of the tendon characterized by pain and disability. The most common tendinopathies of the lower limbs are patellar, Achilles, gluteal, and proximal tendinopa...

    Authors: Yuri Rafael dos Santos Franco, Gisela Cristiane Miyamoto, Katherinne Ferro Moura Franco, Rodrigo Ribeiro de Oliveira and Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:142

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  41. Content type: Protocol

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex developmental disorder characterised by impaired social interaction and communication, and restrictive and repetitive behaviour. Previous systematic reviews have tra...

    Authors: Ferrán Catalá-López, Manuel Ridao, Isabel Hurtado, Amparo Núñez-Beltrán, Ricard Gènova-Maleras, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Aurelio Tobías, Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent, Miguel A. Catalá and Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:141

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  42. Content type: Protocol

    Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) can be effective in treating chronic pain. Despite evidence supporting the effectiveness of ACT, uncertainties remain regarding which subgroups in the chronic pain popul...

    Authors: Jiaxi Lin, Whitney Scott, Lewis Carpenter, Sam Norton, Matthias Domhardt, Harald Baumeister and Lance M. McCracken

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:140

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  43. Content type: Protocol

    Immuno-oncology, and in particular, check-point inhibitors (CPIs), have led to a paradigm shift in the field of cancer care. The cost of new drug development is high, and many novel agents in oncology are sign...

    Authors: Ying Wang, Pierre Camateros, Denise Smith, David Dawe and Peter Ellis

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:139

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