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  1. Content type: Research

    Graphic health warnings on tobacco packaging and the plain packaging of tobacco products are key tobacco control interventions. This systematic review investigates the perceptions of adolescents towards these ...

    Authors: Aaron Drovandi, Peta-Ann Teague, Beverley Glass and Bunmi Malau-Aduli

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:25

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  2. Content type: Protocol

    Socialization is an important part of the healthy aging process, but natural changes in the lifestyle and health of older people increased risk of loneliness. However, loneliness is not well defined and might ...

    Authors: Razieh Bandari, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi, Abbas Ebadi, Abbas Ali Keshtkar and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:26

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  3. Content type: Protocol

    Opioids are commonly used for the management of postoperative pain, but their use is limited by important adverse events, such as respiratory depression and the potential for addiction. Multimodal opioid-spari...

    Authors: Michael Verret, François Lauzier, Ryan Zarychanski, Xavier Savard, Marie-Joëlle Cossi, Anne-Marie Pinard, Guillaume Leblanc and Alexis F. Turgeon

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:24

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  4. Content type: Methodology

    Here, we outline a method of applying existing machine learning (ML) approaches to aid citation screening in an on-going broad and shallow systematic review of preclinical animal studies. The aim is to achieve...

    Authors: Alexandra Bannach-Brown, Piotr Przybyła, James Thomas, Andrew S. C. Rice, Sophia Ananiadou, Jing Liao and Malcolm Robert Macleod

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:23

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  5. Content type: Methodology

    Systematic reviews of research evidence have become an expected basis for decisions about practice guidelines and policy decisions in the health and welfare sectors. Review authors define inclusion criteria to...

    Authors: Heather Munthe-Kaas, Heid Nøkleby and Lien Nguyen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:22

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  6. Content type: Protocol

    Patient-reported outcomes and experience measures (jointly referred to here as PROs) are internationally recognized as a means for patients to provide information about their quality of life, symptoms, and exp...

    Authors: Kara Schick-Makaroff, Onouma Thummapol, Stephanie Thompson, Rachel Flynn, Mehri Karimi-Dehkordi, Scott Klarenbach, Richard Sawatzky and Joanne Greenhalgh

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:20

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  7. Content type: Protocol

    Epilepsy is a neurological condition that is highly prevalent among children and adolescents with 80% of the victims living in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Epilepsy is associated with high levels o...

    Authors: Joseph Kirabira, Jimmy Ben Forry, Alison Annet Kinengyere, Wilson Adriko, Abdallah Amir, Godfrey Z. Rukundo and Dickens Akena

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:21

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  8. Content type: Research

    Overviews of reviews (overviews) compile information from multiple systematic reviews (SRs) to provide a single synthesis of relevant evidence for decision-making. Overviews may identify multiple SRs that exam...

    Authors: Michelle Pollock, Ricardo M. Fernandes, Amanda S. Newton, Shannon D. Scott and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:18

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  9. Content type: Protocol

    The prevalence of phantom limb pain (PLP) in people with amputations is unclear because of the conflicting reports across the literature. It is proposed that the conflicting reports on the prevalence of PLP ar...

    Authors: Katleho Limakatso, Gillian J. Bedwell, Victoria J. Madden and Romy Parker

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:17

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  10. Content type: Research

    Architectural division of aseptic and septic operating theatres is a distinct structural feature of surgical departments in Germany. Internationally, hygienists and microbiologists mainly recommend functional ...

    Authors: Romy Scholz, Alexander Hönning, Julia Seifert, Nikolai Spranger and Dirk Stengel

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:16

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  11. Content type: Research

    There is a great deal of variation in the design and delivery of patient navigator (PN) programs, making it difficult to design or adopt these interventions in new contexts. We (1) systematically reviewed the ...

    Authors: Laura Desveaux, Kerry McBrien, Lianne Barnieh and Noah M. Ivers

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:8

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  12. Content type: Research

    Rates of STIs continue to rise worldwide, and novel evidence-based interventions such as text messaging aimed at improving client services are needed. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate text messaging to...

    Authors: Darlene Taylor, Carole Lunny, Petra Lolić, Orion Warje, Jasmina Geldman, Tom Wong, Mark Gilbert, Richard Lester and Gina Ogilvie

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:12

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  13. Content type: Protocol

    While 80% of critically ill patients treated in an intensive care unit (ICU) will survive, survivors often suffer a constellation of new or worsening physical, cognitive, and psychiatric complications, termed ...

    Authors: A. Fuchsia Howard, Leanne Currie, Vicky Bungay, Margaret Meloche, Robert McDermid, Sarah Crowe, Andrea Ryce, William Harding and Gregory Haljan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:11

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  14. Content type: Protocol

    The charitable food assistance system has an influential role in the larger effort to curtail the problem of food insecurity globally. They often play a crucial role in meeting the food security needs of the p...

    Authors: Sizwe Makhunga, Tivani Mashamba-Thompson and Khumbulani Hlongwana

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:10

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  15. Content type: Protocol

    Gait impairment is a hallmark of multiple sclerosis (MS) which significantly endangers the quality of life of the individual. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) are small, light wearable sensors that can be use...

    Authors: A. Vienne-Jumeau, F. Quijoux, P. P. Vidal and D. Ricard

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:15

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  16. Content type: Protocol

    Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) belong to endocannabinoid family, a group of fatty acid amides. PEA has been proven to have analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity and has been used in several controlled studies ...

    Authors: Maria Beatrice Passavanti, Aniello Alfieri, Maria Caterina Pace, Vincenzo Pota, Pasquale Sansone, Giacomo Piccinno, Manlio Barbarisi, Caterina Aurilio and Marco Fiore

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:9

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  17. Content type: Protocol

    Inadequate vaccine stock management in health facilities leads to vaccine stock-outs. The latter threatens the success of immunisation programmes. Countries have used various approaches to reduce stock-outs an...

    Authors: Chinwe Juliana Iwu, Anelisa Jaca, Leila H. Abdullahi, Ntombenhle Judith Ngcobo and Charles Shey Wiysonge

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:14

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  18. Content type: Research

    Systematic reviews of randomised trials guide policy and healthcare decisions. Yet, we observed that some reviews judge randomised trials as high or unclear risk of bias (ROB) for sequence generation, potentia...

    Authors: Francesca Wuytack, Maria Regan, Linda Biesty, Pauline Meskell, Jennifer E. Lutomski, Martin O’Donnell, Shaun Treweek and Declan Devane

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:13

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  19. Content type: Protocol

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that develops following exposure to severely stressful events. Altered cortisol secretion has been reported in PTSD; however, results have been inconsistent. ...

    Authors: Leigh Luella van den Heuvel, Simonne Wright, Sharain Suliman, Tobias Stalder, Clemens Kirschbaum and Soraya Seedat

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:7

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  20. Content type: Protocol

    Malnutrition affects a third of the global population with low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) being the most affected. Most of those affected by malnutrition have limited means of determining their nutri...

    Authors: T. S. Dhlamini, D. Kuupiel and T. P. Mashamba-Thompson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:6

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  21. Content type: Protocol

    Pandemic mortality rates in 1918 and in 2009 were highest among those with the lowest socioeconomic status (SES). Despite this, low SES groups are not included in the list of groups prioritized for pandemic va...

    Authors: Svenn-Erik Mamelund, Clare Shelley-Egan and Ole Rogeberg

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:5

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  22. Content type: Methodology

    Different tools exist for assessing risk of bias of intervention studies for systematic reviews. We present a tool for assessing risk of bias across both randomized and non-randomized study designs. The tool w...

    Authors: Caitlin E. Kennedy, Virginia A. Fonner, Kevin A. Armstrong, Julie A. Denison, Ping Teresa Yeh, Kevin R. O’Reilly and Michael D. Sweat

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:3

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  23. Content type: Research

    Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a constellation of conditions that increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. It is an emerging concern in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, particularly because of an increa...

    Authors: Olamide O. Todowede, Solange Z. Mianda and Benn Sartorius

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:4

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  24. Content type: Protocol

    Median nerve cross-sectional area (CSA) is the primary sonographic parameter for assessing and diagnosing median nerve pathology, such as carpal tunnel syndrome. However, variability in the sensitivity of diag...

    Authors: Sandy C. Takata, Lynn Kysh, Wendy J. Mack and Shawn C. Roll

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:2

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  25. Content type: Protocol

    Midwives’ practices during the second stage of labour vary nationally and internationally. We aim to retrieve evidence that supports high-quality intrapartum care by conducting a systematic review of the liter...

    Authors: Corine J. Verhoeven, Dale Spence, Viola Nyman, René H. J. Otten and Maria Healy

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:1

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  26. Content type: Protocol

    Toxic alcohols have been implicated in accidental ingestions and intentional exposures. Recognition of toxic alcohol poisoning is challenging. The main treatment modalities include antidotes with alcohol dehyd...

    Authors: Carol Wang, Daniel Samaha, Swapnil Hiremath, Lindsey Sikora, Manish M. Sood, Salmaan Kanji and Edward G. Clark

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:250

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  27. Content type: Systematic review update

    Placenta praevia refers to a placenta located in the lower segment of the uterus. This abnormal location predisposes the placenta to abnormal bleeding with an increased risk of premature labour. The merits of ...

    Authors: Frederick Morfaw, Mercy Fundoh, Jessica Bartoszko, Lawrence Mbuagbaw and Lehana Thabane

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:249

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  28. Content type: Protocol

    Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infections in Canada. Existing national guidance on screening for these infections was not based on a systematic...

    Authors: Jennifer Pillay, Ainsley Moore, Prinon Rahman, Gabriel Lewin, Donna Reynolds, John Riva, Guyléne Thériault, Brett Thombs, Brenda Wilson, Joan Robinson, Amanda Ramdyal, Geneviéve Cadieux, Robin Featherstone, Anne N. Burchell, Jo-Anne Dillon, Ameeta Singh…

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:248

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  29. Content type: Protocol

    Antimicrobial resistance generates a huge health and economic burden and has the potential to become the leading cause of death globally, but its underlying drivers are yet to be fully described. The associati...

    Authors: Titus H. Divala, Elizabeth L. Corbett, Helen R. Stagg, Marriott Nliwasa, Derek J. Sloan, Neil French and Katherine L. Fielding

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:246

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  30. Content type: Protocol

    In this article, conceptualization of well-being is a starting point. According to Diener, subjective well-being refers to all kinds of evaluation, both positive and negative, people make about their own lives...

    Authors: Viviane Cruvinel Di Castro, Janete Capel Hernandes, Mauro Elias Mendonça and Celmo Celeno Porto

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:243

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  31. Content type: Protocol

    Musculoskeletal injuries (MSI) represent more than half of all injuries in tactical populations (i.e., military service and public safety workers including police, firefighters, emergency medical services (EMS...

    Authors: Shawn D. Flanagan, Kellen T. Krajewski, Aaron M. Sinnott, Caleb D. Johnson, Shawn R. Eagle, Alice D. LaGoy, Meaghan E. Beckner, Anne Z. Beethe, Rose Turner, Mita T. Lovalekar, Courtenay Dunn-Lewis, Chris Connaboy and Bradley C. Nindl

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:244

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  32. Content type: Protocol

    Achilles tendon ruptures are a common injury and are increasing in incidence. Several management strategies exist for both non-operative and operative care, with each strategy offering unique risks and benefit...

    Authors: Brad Meulenkamp, Dawn Stacey, Dean Fergusson, Brian Hutton, Risa Shorr MLIS and Ian D. Graham

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:247

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  33. Content type: Protocol

    There is a significant worldwide increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes (T2DM/GDM) linked to a range of associated comorbidities and rising healthcare costs. It has been shown that an in...

    Authors: Jessica Breuing, Dawid Pieper, Annika Lena Neuhaus, Simone Heß, Lena Lütkemeier, Fabiola Haas, Mark Spiller and Christine Graf

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:245

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  34. Content type: Methodology

    Systematic reviews, which assess the risk of bias in included studies, are increasingly used to develop environmental hazard assessments and public health guidelines. These research areas typically rely on evi...

    Authors: Lisa Bero, Nicholas Chartres, Joanna Diong, Alice Fabbri, Davina Ghersi, Juleen Lam, Agnes Lau, Sally McDonald, Barbara Mintzes, Patrice Sutton, Jessica Louise Turton and Tracey J. Woodruff

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:242

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  35. Content type: Research

    Chronic fatigue syndrome or myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is an illness characterised by profound and pervasive fatigue in addition to a heterogeneous constellation of symptoms. The aetiology of this cond...

    Authors: S. Du Preez, M. Corbitt, H. Cabanas, N. Eaton, D. Staines and S. Marshall-Gradisnik

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:241

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  36. Content type: Research

    The impact of deworming on parasite load, nutritional status and other health outcomes of non-pregnant adolescent girls and adult women is uncertain.

    Authors: Elizabeth Tanjong Ghogomu, Shalini Suresh, Pura Rayco-Solon, Alomgir Hossain, Jessie McGowan, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas and Vivian Welch

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:239

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  37. Content type: Protocol

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a highly progressive and debilitating neurodegenerative disease, which usually leads to the death of affected individuals within a few years after the onset of symptoms. ...

    Authors: Elmira Agah, Fatemeh Saleh, Hossein Sanjari Moghaddam, Amene Saghazadeh, Abbas Tafakhori and Nima Rezaei

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:237

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  38. Content type: Protocol

    It is now more important than ever to equip paramedic students, the likely future managers and leaders of ambulance services, with the knowledge and skills of improvement science. Effective teaching requires a...

    Authors: Robin Pap, Louis Shabella, Alan J. Morrison, Paul M. Simpson and David M. Williams

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:236

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  39. Content type: Protocol

    Measuring wellbeing has never been so important. With the rapid growth of workplace wellbeing interventions, determining their effectiveness is not only good science but also good practice. A wide variety of w...

    Authors: Rebecca J. Jarden, Margaret Sandham, Richard J. Siegert and Jane Koziol-McLain

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:240

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  40. Content type: Protocol

    Self-management interventions have been proposed as effective strategies to improve health and well-being and promote optimal coping in cancer survivors. Several reviews have shown benefits of self-management ...

    Authors: Colleen Ann Cuthbert, Haider H. Samawi, Brenda R. Hemmelgarn and Winson Y. Cheung

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:238

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  41. Content type: Protocol

    Internationally, tobacco smoking is a leading cause of mortality, morbidity and health inequality. In England, despite increasing awareness about importance of public health interventions to reduce smoking, ab...

    Authors: Tuba Saygın Avşar, Hugh McLeod and Louise Jackson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:235

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  42. Content type: Protocol

    Given the increasing burden of breast cancer in the low- and middle-income countries, cost-effective approaches are needed to improve the early detection of breast cancer in these continents. Global policies a...

    Authors: Adwoa Bemah Bonsu and Busisiwe Purity Ncama

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:234

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  43. Content type: Protocol

    Existing evidence on the association between exposure to bullying and sleep is limited and inconclusive. The aims of this planned systematic review and meta-analysis are therefore (1) to determine whether expo...

    Authors: Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Ståle Pallesen, Anette Harris and Ståle Valvatne Einarsen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:232

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  44. Content type: Protocol

    Stroke secondary prevention guidelines recommend medication prescription and adherence, active education and behavioural counselling regarding lifestyle risk factors. To impact on recurrent vascular events, po...

    Authors: Olive Lennon, Catherine Blake, Jo Booth, Alex Pollock and Maggie Lawrence

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:231

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  45. Content type: Protocol

    Ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) and ecological momentary interventions (EMIs) represent a novel approach for the assessment and delivery of psychological support to depressed patients in daily life. Be...

    Authors: Desirée Colombo, Azucena Garcia Palacios, Javier Fernandez Alvarez, Andrea Patané, Michelle Semonella, Pietro Cipresso, Marta Kwiatkowska, Giuseppe Riva and Cristina Botella

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:233

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  46. Content type: Research

    The risk of developing cardiovascular disease can be directly correlated to one’s resting blood pressure (BP), age, and biological sex. Resting BP may be successfully reduced using handgrip exercise training, ...

    Authors: Danielle C. Bentley, Cindy H. Nguyen and Scott G. Thomas

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:229

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  47. Content type: Protocol

    Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among children and adolescents. Most studies about the burden and risk factors for suicide have been conducted in high-income countries. However, there is a dearth...

    Authors: Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Elizabeth Kemigisha, Moses Ocan, Wilson Adriko and Dickens Howard Akena

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:230

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  48. Content type: Protocol

    The worldwide incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) are increasing. DM has a high social and economic burden due to its complications and associated disorders. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is...

    Authors: Carolina Dutra Queiroz Flumignan, Fábio Cabral Freitas Amaral, Ronald Luiz Gomes Flumignan, Vladimir Tonello Vasconcelos, Gabriela Araújo Attie, Raul Muffato Daolio, Henrique Jorge Guedes-Neto, Jorge Eduardo de Amorim, José Carlos Costa Baptista-Silva and Luis Carlos Uta Nakano

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:228

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