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Systematic Reviews

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  1. Content type: Protocol

    Randomised control trials are regarded as the gold standard for evaluating the effectiveness and efficacy of healthcare interventions with thousands of trials published every year. Despite significant investme...

    Authors: Adel El Feky, Katie Gillies, Heidi Gardner, Cynthia Fraser and Shaun Treweek

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:30

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  2. Content type: Protocol

    Cholera is a highly infectious diarrheal disease spread via fecal contamination of water and food sources; it is endemic in parts of Africa and Asia and recent outbreaks have been reported in Haiti, the Zambia...

    Authors: Karin Diaconu, Jennifer Falconer, Fiona O’May, Miguel Jimenez, Joe Matragrano, Betty Njanpop-Lafourcade and Alastair Ager

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:29

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  3. Content type: Research

    The purpose of this study was to identify and analyse currently available knowledge on information needs of people with diabetes mellitus, also considering possible differences between subgroups and associated...

    Authors: Lisa Biernatzki, Silke Kuske, Jutta Genz, Michaela Ritschel, Astrid Stephan, Christina Bächle, Sigrid Droste, Sandra Grobosch, Nicole Ernstmann, Nadja Chernyak and Andrea Icks

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:27

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  4. Content type: Research

    While in its early years the HIV epidemic affected primarily the male and the young, nowadays, the population living with HIV/AIDS is approximately 24% women, and its age composition has shifted towards older ...

    Authors: Gaelen P. Adam, Mengyang Di, Susan Cu-Uvin, Christopher Halladay, Bryant T. Smith, Suchitra Iyer and Thomas A. Trikalinos

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:25

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  5. Content type: Research

    Many interventions have been developed to promote respect and social inclusion among older people, but the evidence on their impacts on health has not been synthesised. This systematic review aims to appraise ...

    Authors: S. Ronzi, L. Orton, D. Pope, N. K. Valtorta and N. G. Bruce

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:26

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  6. Content type: Protocol

    Cognitive impairment is characterized by problems in thinking, memory, language, and judgment that are greater than cognitive changes in normal aging. Considering the unprecedented growth of the older adult po...

    Authors: ASM Borhan, Patricia Hewston, Dafna Merom, Courtney Kennedy, George Ioannidis, Nancy Santesso, Pasqualina Santaguida, Lehana Thabane and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:24

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  7. Content type: Protocol

    Insulin standard treatment of T1DM cannot cure the patients as different chronic complications occurred subsequently. Investigations on a curative treatment in T1DM propose cell replacement or maintenance inst...

    Authors: Sedigheh Madani, Bagher Larijani, Abbas Ali Keshtkar and Ali Tootee

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:23

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  8. Content type: Research

    We conducted a systematic review to investigate avian influenza outbreaks and to explore their distribution, upon avian influenza subtype, country, avian species and other relating details as no comprehensive ...

    Authors: Ioanna P. Chatziprodromidou, Malamatenia Arvanitidou, Javier Guitian, Thomas Apostolou, George Vantarakis and Apostolos Vantarakis

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:17

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  9. Content type: Protocol

    Chronic disease of childhood may be delayed by early dietary intervention. The purpose of this systematic review is to provide decision-makers with a perspective on the role of early dietary intervention, as a...

    Authors: Pearl Pugh, Pippa Hemingway, Martin Christian and Gina Higginbottom

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:20

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  10. Content type: Protocol

    Most adults fail to meet global physical activity guidelines set out by the World Health Organization. In recent years, behavioural economic principles have been used to design novel interventions that increas...

    Authors: My-Linh Nguyen Luong, Kim L. Bennell, Michelle Hall, Anthony Harris and Rana S. Hinman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:21

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  11. Content type: Protocol

    Cervical cancer has become the most common cancer affecting women in Africa. Significantly, 85% of these annual deaths occur in the developing world, with the majority being middle-aged women. Research has sho...

    Authors: Witness Mapanga, Tsungai Chipato and Shingairai A. Feresu

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:22

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  12. Content type: Methodology

    The pragmatic–explanatory continuum indicator summary version 2 (PRECIS-2) tool has recently been developed to classify randomized clinical trials (RCTs) as pragmatic or explanatory based on their design chara...

    Authors: Tolulope T. Sajobi, Guowei Li, Oluwagbohunmi Awosoga, Meng Wang, Bijoy K. Menon, Michael D. Hill and Lehana Thabane

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:19

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  13. Content type: Protocol

    In North America, opioid use has become a public health crisis with policy makers declaring it a state of emergency. Opioid substitution therapy (OST) is a harm-reduction method used in treating opioid use dis...

    Authors: Nitika Sanger, Meha Bhatt, Laura Zielinski, Stephanie Sanger, Hamnah Shahid, Bianca Bantoto, M.Constantine Samaan, Russell de Souza and Zainab Samaan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:16

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  14. Content type: Letter

    This is a response to a Letter. Data abstraction is a time-consuming and error-prone systematic review task. Shokraneh and Adams categorize available techniques for tracking data during data abstraction into t...

    Authors: Jens Jap, Ian J. Saldanha, Bryant T. Smith, Joseph Lau and Tianjing Li

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:18

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    The original article was published in Systematic Reviews 2017 6:153

  15. Content type: Methodology

    A new tool to assess Risk of Bias In Non-randomised Studies of Interventions (ROBINS-I) was published in Autumn 2016. ROBINS-I uses the Cochrane-approved risk of bias (RoB) approach and focusses on internal va...

    Authors: Hilary Thomson, Peter Craig, Michele Hilton-Boon, Mhairi Campbell and Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:15

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  16. Content type: Research

    The third sector is becoming a more common provider of social and health services, but little is known about how third sector organisations (TSOs) evaluate their activities. Past research has reported that the...

    Authors: Anders Malthe Bach-Mortensen and Paul Montgomery

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:13

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  17. Content type: Protocol

    Alcohol and substance use results in significant human and economic cost globally and is associated with economic costs of £21 billion and £15billion within the UK, respectively, and trends for use are not imp...

    Authors: Tom P. Thompson, Adrian H. Taylor, Amanda Wanner, Kerryn Husk, Yinghui Wei, Siobhan Creanor, Rebecca Kandiyali, Jo Neale, Julia Sinclair, Mona Nasser and Gary Wallace

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:9

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  18. Content type: Protocol

    Evidence from the global burden of diseases show that psychiatric disorders are a growing public health concern. Maintaining adherence to medication is the most essential, but challenging course in the pharmac...

    Authors: Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, Gezahegn Tesfaye and Augustine Ankomah

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:10

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  19. Content type: Protocol

    Neoadjuvant (chemo-)radiation has proven to improve local control compared to surgery alone, but this improvement did not translate into better overall or disease-specific survival. The addition of oxaliplatin...

    Authors: Felix J. Hüttner, Pascal Probst, Eva Kalkum, Matthes Hackbusch, Katrin Jensen, Alexis Ulrich, Markus W. Büchler and Markus K. Diener

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:11

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  20. Content type: Protocol

    Intra-amniotic inflammation is associated with adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. However, the impact on child neurodevelopment remains unclear. We aim to assess the effect of intra-amniotic inflammation...

    Authors: Laurence Soucy-Giguère, Cédric Gasse, Yves Giguère, Suzanne Demers, Emmanuel Bujold and Amélie Boutin

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:12

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  21. Content type: Research

    Unabridged access to drug industry and regulatory trial registers and data reduces reporting bias in systematic reviews and may provide a complete index of a drug’s clinical study programme. Currently, there i...

    Authors: Lars Jørgensen, Peter C. Gøtzsche and Tom Jefferson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:8

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  22. Content type: Protocol

    Due to a number of methodological advantages and theoretical considerations, more and more studies in clinical psychology research employ the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) as a data collection technique. De...

    Authors: Hugo Vachon, Aki Rintala, Wolfgang Viechtbauer and Inez Myin-Germeys

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:7

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  23. Content type: Protocol

    Quality indicators (QIs) are used in assessing the quality of healthcare. Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are relevant sources for generating QIs. In this context, QIs are important tools to...

    Authors: Monika Becker, Jessica Breuing, Monika Nothacker, Stefanie Deckert, Mirco Steudtner, Jochen Schmitt, Edmund Neugebauer and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:5

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