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  1. Content type: Protocol

    Electronic health records (EHRs) are increasing in popularity across national and international healthcare systems. Despite their augmented availability and use, the quality of electronic health records is pro...

    Authors: Lucia Otero Varela, Natalie Wiebe, Daniel J. Niven, Paul E. Ronksley, Nicolas Iragorri, Helen Lee Robertson and Hude Quan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:54

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  2. Content type: Research

    Typically, management of PCOS focuses on lifestyle changes (exercise and diet), aiming to alleviate symptoms, and lower the associated risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Our objective was to a...

    Authors: Chris Kite, Ian M. Lahart, Islam Afzal, David R. Broom, Harpal Randeva, Ioannis Kyrou and James E. Brown

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:51

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  3. Content type: Protocol

    Evidence from studies on prostate cancer progression have identified vitamin D to be a potentially important nutrient. However, the World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research have re...

    Authors: Luke A. Robles, Karen Dawe, Richard M. Martin, Julian P. T. Higgins and Sarah J. Lewis

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:52

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  4. Content type: Protocol

    The use of physical activity monitors (PAMs) in the adult population is increasing rapidly and previous systematic reviews are outdated. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to estimate...

    Authors: Rasmus Tolstrup Larsen, Vibeke Wagner, Camilla Keller, Carsten Bogh Juhl, Henning Langberg and Jan Christensen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:53

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  5. Content type: Protocol

    There is increasing recognition in Canada and globally that a substantial proportion of health care delivered is inappropriate as evidenced by (1) harmful and/or ineffective practices being overused, (2) effec...

    Authors: Janet E. Squires, Ian D. Graham, Doris Grinspun, John Lavis, France Légaré, Robert Bell, Stephen Bornstein, Susan E. Brien, Mark Dobrow, Megan Greenough, Carole A. Estabrooks, Michael Hillmer, Tanya Horsley, Alan Katz, Christina Krause, Wendy Levinson…

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:50

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  6. Content type: Protocol

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a childhood-onset disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of symptoms of developmentally inappropriate and impaired inattention and/or hyperactivity/im...

    Authors: Ferrán Catalá-López, Manuel Ridao, Amparo Núñez-Beltrán, Ricard Gènova-Maleras, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent, Miguel A. Catalá and Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:49

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  7. Content type: Protocol

    The health impacts of loneliness and social isolation among older adults are widely acknowledged. Despite this, there is no consensus on the possible causal nature of this relationship, which could undermine e...

    Authors: Martin Malcolm, Helen Frost and Julie Cowie

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:48

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  8. Content type: Letter

    Research turnover in the HIV field is rapid, and as a result, maintaining high-quality, up-to-date, and relevant systematic reviews is a challenge. One approach is to frequently update published reviews.

    Authors: Ingrid Eshun-Wilson, Shahista Jaffer, Rhodine Smith, Samuel Johnson, Paul Hine, Alberto Mateo, Anne-Marie Stephani and Paul Garner

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:46

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  9. Content type: Protocol

    Mental distress is an important public health problem and becoming a common health problem among university students. This systematic review and meta-analysis will provide the pooled prevalence of mental distr...

    Authors: Berihun Assefa Dachew, Berhanu Boru Bifftu, Bewket Tadesse Tiruneh, Degefaye Zelalem Anlay, Meseret Adugna Wassie and Kim Betts

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:47

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  10. Content type: Research

    Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVI) is an alternative treatment for patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis ineligible for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) or at increased perioperat...

    Authors: Gernot Wagner, Sabine Steiner, Gerald Gartlehner, Henrike Arfsten, Brigitte Wildner, Harald Mayr and Deddo Moertl

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:44

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  11. Content type: Protocol

    Angioplasty is a fundamental treatment for atherosclerotic disease in the cardiac, cerebrovascular, and peripheral vascular beds. However, the optimal duration of balloon inflation has not been identified. Our...

    Authors: Mark Rockley, Prasad Jetty, George Wells, Kathleen Rockley and Dean Fergusson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:45

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  12. Content type: Systematic review update

    Regular/frequent dental visits, at least annually, can aid in reducing the public health burden of head and neck cancers (HNCs) by facilitating earlier detection of the disease. The aim of this study was to co...

    Authors: Bhawna Gupta, Narinder Kumar and Newell W. Johnson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:43

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  13. Content type: Research

    In 2016, WHO reported a death rate of 303,000 newborns before 4 weeks of age due to congenital anomalies. Those that survive congenital anomalies may have long-term disabilities which may have significant impa...

    Authors: Abiola Omodan, Pamela Pillay, Lelika Lazarus, Anil Madaree and Kapil Satyapal

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:42

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  14. Content type: Protocol

    Obesity is a global epidemic with profound consequences for individuals and societies. Physical exercise is important to weight reduction and weight loss maintenance. However, results on what the most effectiv...

    Authors: Lene Aasdahl, Vegard Moe Iversen, Eva Skovlund, Dagfinn Aune and Marius Steiro Fimland

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:41

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  15. Content type: Protocol

    Heart failure (HF) is a complex chronic condition, leading to frequent hospitalization, decreased quality of life, and increased mortality. Current guidelines recommend that multidisciplinary care be provided ...

    Authors: Morgan Slater, Joanna Bielecki, Ana Carolina Alba, Lusine Abrahamyan, George Tomlinson, Susanna Mak, Jane MacIver, Shelley Zieroth, Douglas Lee, William Wong, Murray Krahn, Heather Ross and Valeria E. Rac

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:40

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  16. Content type: Protocol

    Coronary artery disease and heart failure are both highly prevalent diseases with a global prevalence of 93 million and 40 million. These patients are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The manageme...

    Authors: M. Maagaard, E. E. Nielsen, C. Gluud and J. C. Jakobsen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:39

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  17. Content type: Protocol

    The use of audit and feedback (A&F) interventions in health care has been demonstrated to generally be effective on medical teams. However, literature suggests that the response of nurses to this type of inter...

    Authors: Émilie Dufour, Arnaud Duhoux and Jolianne Bolduc

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:38

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  18. Content type: Protocol

    Cancer survivors face a myriad of biopsychosocial consequences due to cancer and treatment that may be potentially mitigated through enabling their self-management skills and behaviors for managing illness. Un...

    Authors: Doris Howell, Alison Richardson, Carl May, Lynn Calman, Rouhi Fazelzad, Saeed Moradian and Claire Foster

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:37

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  19. Content type: Protocol

    Previous meta-analyses have found several advantages of icodextrin compared with glucose in the application of peritoneal dialysis (PD), such as an improvement of peritoneal ultrafiltration during the long dwe...

    Authors: Monika Becker, Stefanie Bühn, Jessica Breuing, Catherine A. Firanek, Simone Hess, Hisanori Nariai, Mark R. Marshall, James A. Sloand, Qiang Yao, Käthe Goossen and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:35

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  20. Content type: Protocol

    Physical resilience is the ability to optimize or recover motor function in the face of disease, injury, or aging-related decline. Greater knowledge of how some individuals regain or maintain function despite ...

    Authors: Sue Peters, Theodore D. Cosco, Dawn C. Mackey, Gurkaran S. Sarohia, Jeffrey Leong and Andrew Wister

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:34

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  21. Content type: Protocol

    Pain in children and adolescents with cancer has been identified as an area where many healthcare professionals seek guidance. This protocol details a systematic review whose aim is to explore current knowledg...

    Authors: Erik A. H. Loeffen, Jennifer N. Stinson, Kathryn A. Birnie, Monique van Dijk, Ketan Kulkarni, Mienke Rijsdijk, Anna Font-Gonzalez, L. Lee Dupuis, Elvira C. van Dalen, Renée L. Mulder, Fiona Campbell, Wim J. E. Tissing, Marianne D. van de Wetering and Faith Gibson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:33

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  22. Content type: Protocol

    Emergence coughing and bucking, secondary to endotracheal tube stimulation of the tracheal mucosa, frequently occurs after the general anesthetic recedes. Besides general unpleasantness, coughing has important...

    Authors: Alan Tung, Nicholas A. Fergusson, Nicole Ng, Vivien Hu, Colin Dormuth and Donald G. E. Griesdale

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:32

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  23. Content type: Protocol

    Uveitis describes a group of inflammatory conditions affecting the eye. The ability to monitor inflammatory changes in anterior uveitis is crucial in clinical practice for making treatment decisions and in cli...

    Authors: Xiaoxuan Liu, Ameenat L. Solebo, Pearse A. Keane, David J. Moore and Alastair K. Denniston

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:30

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  24. Content type: Research

    Overviews of reviews of healthcare interventions (overviews) integrate information from multiple systematic reviews (SRs) to provide a single synthesis of relevant evidence for decision-making. Overviews may i...

    Authors: Michelle Pollock, Ricardo M. Fernandes, Amanda S. Newton, Shannon D. Scott and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:29

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  25. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported an error in Table 1 as the wrong table was used.

    Authors: Jessica Breuing, Dawid Pieper, Annika Lena Neuhaus, Simone Heß, Lena Lütkemeier, Fabiola Haas, Mark Spiller and Christine Graf

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:31

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    The original article was published in Systematic Reviews 2018 7:245

  26. Content type: Protocol

    In 2018, the World Health Organization reported that depression is the most common cause of disability worldwide, with over 300 million people currently living with depression. Depression affects an individual...

    Authors: Candyce Hamel, Eddy Lang, Kate Morissette, Andrew Beck, Adrienne Stevens, Becky Skidmore, Heather Colquhoun, John LeBlanc, Ainsley Moore, John J. Riva, Brett D. Thombs, Ian Colman, Sophie Grigoriadis, Stuart Gordon Nicholls, Beth K. Potter, Kerri Ritchie…

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:27

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  27. Content type: Protocol

    Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of cancer, preventable death, and disability. Smoking cessation can increase life expectancy by nearly a decade if achieved in the third or fourth decades of life. Various ...

    Authors: Mona Hersi, Gregory Traversy, Brett D. Thombs, Andrew Beck, Becky Skidmore, Stéphane Groulx, Eddy Lang, Donna L. Reynolds, Brenda Wilson, Steven L. Bernstein, Peter Selby, Stephanie Johnson-Obaseki, Douglas Manuel, Smita Pakhale, Justin Presseau, Susan Courage…

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:28

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  28. Content type: Research

    Graphic health warnings on tobacco packaging and the plain packaging of tobacco products are key tobacco control interventions. This systematic review investigates the perceptions of adolescents towards these ...

    Authors: Aaron Drovandi, Peta-Ann Teague, Beverley Glass and Bunmi Malau-Aduli

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:25

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  29. Content type: Protocol

    Socialization is an important part of the healthy aging process, but natural changes in the lifestyle and health of older people increased risk of loneliness. However, loneliness is not well defined and might ...

    Authors: Razieh Bandari, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi, Abbas Ebadi, Abbas Ali Keshtkar and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:26

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  30. Content type: Protocol

    Opioids are commonly used for the management of postoperative pain, but their use is limited by important adverse events, such as respiratory depression and the potential for addiction. Multimodal opioid-spari...

    Authors: Michael Verret, François Lauzier, Ryan Zarychanski, Xavier Savard, Marie-Joëlle Cossi, Anne-Marie Pinard, Guillaume Leblanc and Alexis F. Turgeon

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:24

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  31. Content type: Methodology

    Here, we outline a method of applying existing machine learning (ML) approaches to aid citation screening in an on-going broad and shallow systematic review of preclinical animal studies. The aim is to achieve...

    Authors: Alexandra Bannach-Brown, Piotr Przybyła, James Thomas, Andrew S. C. Rice, Sophia Ananiadou, Jing Liao and Malcolm Robert Macleod

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:23

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  32. Content type: Methodology

    Systematic reviews of research evidence have become an expected basis for decisions about practice guidelines and policy decisions in the health and welfare sectors. Review authors define inclusion criteria to...

    Authors: Heather Munthe-Kaas, Heid Nøkleby and Lien Nguyen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:22

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  33. Content type: Protocol

    Patient-reported outcomes and experience measures (jointly referred to here as PROs) are internationally recognized as a means for patients to provide information about their quality of life, symptoms, and exp...

    Authors: Kara Schick-Makaroff, Onouma Thummapol, Stephanie Thompson, Rachel Flynn, Mehri Karimi-Dehkordi, Scott Klarenbach, Richard Sawatzky and Joanne Greenhalgh

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:20

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  34. Content type: Protocol

    Epilepsy is a neurological condition that is highly prevalent among children and adolescents with 80% of the victims living in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Epilepsy is associated with high levels o...

    Authors: Joseph Kirabira, Jimmy Ben Forry, Alison Annet Kinengyere, Wilson Adriko, Abdallah Amir, Godfrey Z. Rukundo and Dickens Akena

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:21

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  35. Content type: Research

    Overviews of reviews (overviews) compile information from multiple systematic reviews (SRs) to provide a single synthesis of relevant evidence for decision-making. Overviews may identify multiple SRs that exam...

    Authors: Michelle Pollock, Ricardo M. Fernandes, Amanda S. Newton, Shannon D. Scott and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:18

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  36. Content type: Protocol

    The prevalence of phantom limb pain (PLP) in people with amputations is unclear because of the conflicting reports across the literature. It is proposed that the conflicting reports on the prevalence of PLP ar...

    Authors: Katleho Limakatso, Gillian J. Bedwell, Victoria J. Madden and Romy Parker

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:17

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  37. Content type: Research

    Architectural division of aseptic and septic operating theatres is a distinct structural feature of surgical departments in Germany. Internationally, hygienists and microbiologists mainly recommend functional ...

    Authors: Romy Scholz, Alexander Hönning, Julia Seifert, Nikolai Spranger and Dirk Stengel

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:16

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  38. Content type: Research

    There is a great deal of variation in the design and delivery of patient navigator (PN) programs, making it difficult to design or adopt these interventions in new contexts. We (1) systematically reviewed the ...

    Authors: Laura Desveaux, Kerry McBrien, Lianne Barnieh and Noah M. Ivers

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:8

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  39. Content type: Research

    Rates of STIs continue to rise worldwide, and novel evidence-based interventions such as text messaging aimed at improving client services are needed. We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate text messaging to...

    Authors: Darlene Taylor, Carole Lunny, Petra Lolić, Orion Warje, Jasmina Geldman, Tom Wong, Mark Gilbert, Richard Lester and Gina Ogilvie

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:12

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  40. Content type: Protocol

    While 80% of critically ill patients treated in an intensive care unit (ICU) will survive, survivors often suffer a constellation of new or worsening physical, cognitive, and psychiatric complications, termed ...

    Authors: A. Fuchsia Howard, Leanne Currie, Vicky Bungay, Margaret Meloche, Robert McDermid, Sarah Crowe, Andrea Ryce, William Harding and Gregory Haljan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:11

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  41. Content type: Protocol

    The charitable food assistance system has an influential role in the larger effort to curtail the problem of food insecurity globally. They often play a crucial role in meeting the food security needs of the p...

    Authors: Sizwe Makhunga, Tivani Mashamba-Thompson and Khumbulani Hlongwana

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:10

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  42. Content type: Protocol

    Gait impairment is a hallmark of multiple sclerosis (MS) which significantly endangers the quality of life of the individual. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) are small, light wearable sensors that can be use...

    Authors: A. Vienne-Jumeau, F. Quijoux, P. P. Vidal and D. Ricard

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:15

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  43. Content type: Protocol

    Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) belong to endocannabinoid family, a group of fatty acid amides. PEA has been proven to have analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity and has been used in several controlled studies ...

    Authors: Maria Beatrice Passavanti, Aniello Alfieri, Maria Caterina Pace, Vincenzo Pota, Pasquale Sansone, Giacomo Piccinno, Manlio Barbarisi, Caterina Aurilio and Marco Fiore

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:9

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  44. Content type: Protocol

    Inadequate vaccine stock management in health facilities leads to vaccine stock-outs. The latter threatens the success of immunisation programmes. Countries have used various approaches to reduce stock-outs an...

    Authors: Chinwe Juliana Iwu, Anelisa Jaca, Leila H. Abdullahi, Ntombenhle Judith Ngcobo and Charles Shey Wiysonge

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:14

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  45. Content type: Research

    Systematic reviews of randomised trials guide policy and healthcare decisions. Yet, we observed that some reviews judge randomised trials as high or unclear risk of bias (ROB) for sequence generation, potentia...

    Authors: Francesca Wuytack, Maria Regan, Linda Biesty, Pauline Meskell, Jennifer E. Lutomski, Martin O’Donnell, Shaun Treweek and Declan Devane

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:13

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  46. Content type: Protocol

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that develops following exposure to severely stressful events. Altered cortisol secretion has been reported in PTSD; however, results have been inconsistent. ...

    Authors: Leigh Luella van den Heuvel, Simonne Wright, Sharain Suliman, Tobias Stalder, Clemens Kirschbaum and Soraya Seedat

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:7

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  47. Content type: Protocol

    Malnutrition affects a third of the global population with low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) being the most affected. Most of those affected by malnutrition have limited means of determining their nutri...

    Authors: T. S. Dhlamini, D. Kuupiel and T. P. Mashamba-Thompson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:6

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  48. Content type: Protocol

    Pandemic mortality rates in 1918 and in 2009 were highest among those with the lowest socioeconomic status (SES). Despite this, low SES groups are not included in the list of groups prioritized for pandemic va...

    Authors: Svenn-Erik Mamelund, Clare Shelley-Egan and Ole Rogeberg

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:5

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