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  1. The World Health Organization describes the perpetuation of human rights violations against people with mental health problems as a global emergency. Despite this observation, recent studies suggest that coerc...

    Authors: Pierre Pariseau-Legault, Sandrine Vallée-Ouimet, Marie-Hélène Goulet and Jean-Daniel Jacob

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:318

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  2. The growing number of medical literature and textual data in online repositories led to an exponential increase in the workload of researchers involved in citation screening for systematic reviews. This work a...

    Authors: Corrado Lanera, Paola Berchialla, Abhinav Sharma, Clara Minto, Dario Gregori and Ileana Baldi

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:317

    Content type: Methodology

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  3. The global prevalence of people living with dementia is expected to increase exponentially and yet evidence suggests gaps in dementia-specific knowledge amongst practitioners. Evidence-based learning approache...

    Authors: Kevin Muirhead, Leah Macaden, Charlotte Clarke, Keith Smyth, Rob Polson and Chris O’Malley

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:316

    Content type: Protocol

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  4. Emergency and disaster are on the rise in the world. One of the most important components of disaster risk management is the early warning system. Studies have shown divergent models of warning systems with di...

    Authors: Hamid Reza Khankeh, Seyed Hossein Hosseini, Mehrdad Farrokhi, Mohammad Ali Hosseini and Nasir Amanat

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:315

    Content type: Protocol

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  5. To meet global targets for the treatment of HIV, high-prevalence countries are launching or expanding differentiated models of service delivery (DSD) for antiretroviral therapy (ART). Ongoing studies report on...

    Authors: Lawrence Long, Salome Kuchukhidze, Sophie Pascoe, Brooke Nichols, Refiloe Cele, Caroline Govathson, Amy Huber, David Flynn and Sydney Rosen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:314

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  6. Smoking remains a major public health concern. School-based social networks influence uptake of smoking among peers. During the past two decades, the UK macro-systemic context within which schools are nested a...

    Authors: H. J. Littlecott, J. Hawkins, M. Mann, G. J. Melendez-Torres, F. Dobbie and G. Moore

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:313

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  7. Intimate partner violence among young women continues to be a worldwide concern. Globally, a considerable number of studies reported numerous factors that influence intimate partner violence among the young. T...

    Authors: Maria Suzana B. Maguele and Nelisiwe Khuzwayo

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:312

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  8. Mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) experience profound communication impairment, placing them at risk for poor physical and psychological outcomes. Patient communication strategi...

    Authors: Laura Istanboulian, Louise Rose, Yana Yunusova, Franklin Gorospe and Craig Dale

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:311

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  9. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a worldwide epidemic, and while its etiology is polygenic, the role of environmental contaminant exposure in T2DM pathogenesis is of increasing importance. However, the evide...

    Authors: Julia Hildebrand, Swarni Thakar, Tonya-Leah Watts, Laura Banfield, Lehana Thabane, Joseph Macri, Stephen Hill and M. Constantine Samaan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:309

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  10. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as an accumulation of risk factors that include chronic hypertension, dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance and obesity and leads to an increased risk for diabetes, cardiovascu...

    Authors: Philip Norris, Bianca Viljoen, Nicholas Ralph, Jeff Gow and Natalie Silvey

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:308

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  11. There is a widespread belief that information technologies will improve diagnosis, treatment and care. Evidence about their effectiveness in health care is, however, mixed. It is not clear why this is the case...

    Authors: Justin Keen, Joanne Greenhalgh, Rebecca Randell, Peter Gardner, Justin Waring, Roberta Longo, Jon Fistein, Maysam Abdulwahid, Natalie King and Judy Wright

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:307

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  12. Sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates and infants. Antibiotics are a central part of the first line treatment for sepsis in neonatal intensive care units worldwide. However, the evi...

    Authors: Steven Kwasi Korang, Sanam Safi, Christian Gluud, Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen and Janus C. Jakobsen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:306

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  13. Practitioner-level implementation interventions such as audit and feedback, communities of practice, and local opinion leaders have shown potential to change nurses’ behaviour in clinical practice and improve ...

    Authors: Guillaume Fontaine, Sylvie Cossette, Marc-André Maheu-Cadotte, Marie-France Deschênes, Geneviève Rouleau, Andréane Lavallée, Catherine Pépin, Ariane Ballard, Gabrielle Chicoine, Alexandra Lapierre, Patrick Lavoie, Jérémie Blondin and Tanya Mailhot

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:305

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  14. Antibiotic resistance is a global public health threat. Water from human activities is collected at wastewater treatment plants where processes often do not sufficiently neutralize antibiotic resistant bacteri...

    Authors: Daloha Rodríguez-Molina, Petra Mang, Heike Schmitt, Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc, Katja Radon and Laura Wengenroth

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:304

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  15. Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality. Reducing sedentary behaviour and increasing physical activity are efficacious for improving many physical and mental health condition...

    Authors: Jean-Pierre Laake and Joanna Fleming

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:303

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  16. Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) are the major interventions of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which are typically administered as either single herbs or formulas. The Cochrane systematic reviews (SRs) of ...

    Authors: Xuan Zhang, Qi-Ying Aixinjueluo, Si-Yao Li, Lisa-L Song, Chung-Tai Lau, Ran Tan and Zhao-Xiang Bian

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:302

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. In the U.S., Hispanic women experience a disproportionate rate of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. At the same time, Hispanic women remain considerably underrepresented in behavioral weight loss i...

    Authors: Kristin E. Morrill, Melissa Lopez-Pentecost, Guadalupe Ballesteros, Jeanne L. Pfander, Melanie D. Hingle, Yann C. Klimentidis, Cynthia A. Thomson and David O. Garcia

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:301

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  18. Fathers are under-represented in research and programs addressing early childhood health and development. Recruiting fathers into these interventions can be hampered for multiple reasons, including recruitment...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. Keys, Jill M. Norris, Emily E. Cameron, Katherine S. Bright, Lianne M. Tomfohr-Madsen and Karen M. Benzies

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:300

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  19. Opioid agonist maintenance treatment (OAMT) is a first-line treatment for heroin dependence, but its effectiveness has been assessed primarily through clinical outcomes with a limited attention to patient pers...

    Authors: Ivan Solà, Joan Trujols, Elisa Ribalta, Saul Alcaraz, Gemma Robleda, Clara Selva Olid and José Pérez de los Cobos

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:299

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  20. The present protocol was designed for a systematic review and meta-analysis aimed at determining the association of telomere length with substance use disorders with the exclusion of nicotine addiction, and to...

    Authors: Fernando Navarro-Mateu, María Rubio-Aparicio, Pedro Cayuela, Francisco-Javier Álvarez, Agustín Roca-Vega, María Dolores Chirlaque, María Luisa Cayuela, Mathilde Husky, Salvador Martínez and Julio Sánchez-Meca

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:298

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  21. Prevention of antenatal and postnatal depression is crucial, given its high prevalence and severe consequences. Although several systematic reviews and meta-analyses have examined the effects of psychological ...

    Authors: Naonori Yasuma, Zui Narita, Natsu Sasaki, Erika Obikane, Junpei Sekiya, Takuma Inagawa, Aiichiro Nakajima, Yuji Yamada, Ryuichi Yamazaki, Asami Matsunaga, Tomomi Saito, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Kotaro Imamura, Norito Kawakami and Daisuke Nishi

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:297

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  22. Active school travel by bike may provide appropriate means to promote physical activity through commuting to and from school, expanding the mobility during leisure time, and integrating a lifelong positive beh...

    Authors: Dorothea M. I. Schönbach, Teatske M. Altenburg, Mai J. M. Chinapaw, Adilson Marques and Yolanda Demetriou

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:296

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  23. A healthy and productive health workforce is central to a well-functioning health system. However, health workers are at high risk of poor psychological wellbeing due to their particularly strenuous work deman...

    Authors: Julia Lohmann, Denny John and Aso Dzay

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:294

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  24. Exosomes may have critical roles in the maternal-embryo cross-talk for the recognition and maintenance of pregnancy during maternal aging. Exosomes have the capability to carry developmental signaling molecule...

    Authors: Halimeh Mobarak, Reza Rahbarghazi, Francesca Lolicato, Mohammad Heidarpour, Fariba Pashazadeh, Mohammad Nouri and Mahdi Mahdipour

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:293

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  25. The implementation of trauma systems in many high-income countries over the last 50 years has led to important reductions in injury mortality and disability in many healthcare jurisdictions. Injury organizatio...

    Authors: Brice Batomen, Lynne Moore, Mabel Carabali, Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Howard Champion and Arijit Nandi

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:292

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  26. Nutritional therapy practice guidelines are designed to improve nutritional practices and thus the delivery of nutritional therapy in critically ill patients. However, they are not implemented despite the stro...

    Authors: Nomaxabiso M. Mooi and Busisiwe P. Ncama

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:291

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  27. Childhood adiposity has increased dramatically in the last few decades and is an important predictor of adulthood chronic disease. Later eating rhythm, termed night eating (NE), is increasingly prevalent in ad...

    Authors: Mengxuan Zou, Kate Northstone, Rachel Perry, Laura Johnson and Sam Leary

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:290

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  28. Since the deinstitutionalization policy, in psychiatric hospitals, the care of patients with schizophrenia was left to their families which has been imposing a heavy burden on them. Family caregiver burden cou...

    Authors: Zahra Tamizi, Masoud Fallahi-Khoshknab, Asghar Dalvandi, Farahnaz Mohammadi-Shahboulaghi, Eesa Mohammadi and Enayatollah Bakhshi

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:289

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  29. Obesity and its consequences are worldwide epidemic problem; therefore, studies with strategies and mechanisms that favor weight loss to improve outcomes in health are necessary. Effects of mushrooms on body w...

    Authors: Denise Grotto, Isabella Ferreira Camargo, Katia Kodaira, Lauren Giustti Mazzei, Juliana Castro, Raquel Andrade Leite Vieira, Cristiane de Cásia Bergamaschi and Luciane Cruz Lopes

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:288

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  30. Inflammation in anterior uveitis is characterised by breakdown of the blood-ocular barrier, which allows leakage of blood constituents of higher molecular weight into the aqueous humour. In routine clinical ca...

    Authors: Thomas W. McNally, Xiaoxuan Liu, Sophie Beese, Pearse A. Keane, David J. Moore and Alastair K. Denniston

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:287

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  31. Despite advances in resuscitation care, mortality rates following cardiac arrest (CA) remain high. Between one-quarter (in-hospital CA) and two-thirds (out of hospital CA) of patients admitted comatose to inte...

    Authors: Alex Monk and Shashank Patil

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:286

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  32. Despite existing best practice care recommendations for addressing tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption and weight management in preconception and antenatal care, such recommendations are often not implemented...

    Authors: Emma Doherty, Melanie Kingsland, Luke Wolfenden, John Wiggers, Julia Dray, Jenna Hollis, Elizabeth J. Elliott, Justine B. Daly, Kylie A. Bailey, John Attia, Mandy Hunter, Ian Symonds, Belinda Tully, Danika Tremain and Rebecca K. Hodder

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:285

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  33. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic mental health disorder characterized by recurring obsessions and compulsions affecting 1–3% of children and adolescents. Current treatment options are limited b...

    Authors: Lucía Babiano-Espinosa, Lidewij H. Wolters, Bernhard Weidle, Vivian op de Beek, Sindre A. Pedersen, Scott Compton and Norbert Skokauskas

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:284

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Oropharyngeal dysphagia or swallowing difficulties are common in acute care and critical care, affecting 47% of hospitalised frail elderly, 50% of acute stroke patients and approximately 62% of critically ill ...

    Authors: Sallyanne Duncan, Jennifer Mc Gaughey, Richard Fallis, Daniel F. McAuley, Margaret Walshe and Bronagh Blackwood

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:283

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  35. The relative scale adjusts for baseline variability and therefore may lead to findings that can be generalized more widely. It is routinely used for the analysis of binary outcomes but only rarely for continuo...

    Authors: Harri Hemilä and Jan O. Friedrich

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:282

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  36. This systematic review was conducted to inform the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care recommendations on screening for thyroid dysfunction (TD). The review sought to answer key questions on the bene...

    Authors: Francesca Reyes Domingo, Marc T. Avey and Marion Doull

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:260

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. This review aimed to assess the existing evidence regarding the clinical effectiveness and safety of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions in adults with insomnia and identify where research or...

    Authors: Patricia Rios, Roberta Cardoso, Deanna Morra, Vera Nincic, Zahra Goodarzi, Bechara Farah, Sharada Harricharan, Charles M. Morin, Judith Leech, Sharon E. Straus and Andrea C. Tricco

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:281

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Systematic reviews of health interventions are increasingly incorporating evidence outside of randomized controlled trials (RCT). While non-randomized study (NRS) types may be more prone to bias compared to RC...

    Authors: Kelly Farrah, Kelsey Young, Matthew C. Tunis and Linlu Zhao

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:280

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. We explored the performance of three machine learning tools designed to facilitate title and abstract screening in systematic reviews (SRs) when used to (a) eliminate irrelevant records (automated simulation) ...

    Authors: Allison Gates, Samantha Guitard, Jennifer Pillay, Sarah A. Elliott, Michele P. Dyson, Amanda S. Newton and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:278

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Web applications that employ natural language processing technologies to support systematic reviewers during abstract screening have become more common. The goal of our project was to conduct a case study to e...

    Authors: Gerald Gartlehner, Gernot Wagner, Linda Lux, Lisa Affengruber, Andreea Dobrescu, Angela Kaminski-Hartenthaler and Meera Viswanathan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:277

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Compromised natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxic function is a well-documented and consistent feature of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS). Other outcomes evaluated in NK cells of ME/CF...

    Authors: Natalie Eaton-Fitch, Stanley du Preez, Hélène Cabanas, Donald Staines and Sonya Marshall-Gradisnik

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:279

    Content type: Systematic review update

    Published on:

  42. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is highly prevalent and accounts globally for 1.6% of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) among females and 6.0% of DALYs among males. Effective treatments for AUDs are available ...

    Authors: Susan A. Rombouts, James Conigrave, Eva Louie, Paul Haber and Kirsten C. Morley

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:275

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  43. Obesity in childhood is associated with adverse health outcomes and complications throughout the life-span of a child. Available evidence suggests a dramatic increase in childhood obesity in sub-Saharan Africa...

    Authors: Frederick I. Danquah, Matilda Yeboah, Vitalis Bawontuo and Desmond Kuupiel

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:274

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  44. Peripheral nerve block is a single injection that inhibits the transmission of peripheral nerve impulses to the central nervous system. The inhibition of the nociceptive impulse may decrease the occurrence of ...

    Authors: Jennifer Héroux, Emilie Belley-Côté, Pablo Echavé, Marie-Josée Loignon, Pierre-Olivier Bessette, Nicolas Patenaude, Jean-Patrice Baillargeon and Frédérick D’Aragon

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:273

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  45. Pharmacy interventions are a subset of public health interventions and its research is usually performed within the scope of a trial. The economic evaluation of pharmacy interventions requires certain consider...

    Authors: Suzete Costa, Maria Cary, Dennis K. Helling, João Pereira and Céu Mateus

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:272

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. Gestational diabetes (GDM) is increasingly common and has significant implications during pregnancy and for the long-term health of the mother and offspring. However, it is a heterogeneous condition with inter...

    Authors: Shamil D. Cooray, Jacqueline A. Boyle, Georgia Soldatos, Lihini A. Wijeyaratne and Helena J. Teede

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2019 8:270

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

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