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  1. With the rapid development of technologies for type 1 diabetes, economic evaluations are integral in guiding cost-effective clinical and policy decisions. We therefore aimed to review and synthesise the curren...

    Authors: Anthony Pease, Ella Zomer, Danny Liew, Clement Lo, Arul Earnest and Sophia Zoungas

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:171

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The World Health Organization declared on March 11, 2020, that the spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2) has escalated from epidemic into pandemic. As the initial outbreak ...

    Authors: Yuxi Li, Juan Li, Dongling Zhong, Yue Zhang, Yonggang Zhang, Yan Guo, Mike Clarke and Rongjiang Jin

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:170

    Content type: Protocol

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  3. Psychological stress is a prevalent factor in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with detrimental effects on patients’ quality of life and possibly disease course. Although the aetiology of symptom exacerbation ...

    Authors: Mariyana Schoultz, Michelle Beattie, Trish Gorely and Janni Leung

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:169

    Content type: Research

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  4. Behavioural weight management programmes are effective in assisting people with overweight or obesity to lose excess body weight. Yet, many still struggle to attain their weight loss goals in such programmes. ...

    Authors: Meigan Thomson, Anne Martin, Jennifer Logue, Valerie Wells and Sharon A. Simpson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:168

    Content type: Protocol

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  5. Medical cannabis (MC) is currently being used as an adjunct to opiates given its analgesic effects and potential to reduce opiate addiction. This review assessed if MC used in combination with opioids to treat...

    Authors: Babasola O. Okusanya, Ibitola O. Asaolu, John E. Ehiri, Linda Jepkoech Kimaru, Abidemi Okechukwu and Cecilia Rosales

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:167

    Content type: Research

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  6. Professional identity development is an area of contemporary interest within medical education. It can be defined as ‘the foundational process one experiences during the transformation from lay person to physi...

    Authors: Megan El Brown, Paul Whybrow, Gavin Kirwan and Gabrielle M. Finn

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:166

    Content type: Protocol

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  7. Caregivers of women with breast cancer in low-and-middle-income countries experience significant physical and economic burdens. The review aimed to map the evidence of studies that had reported on the experien...

    Authors: Grace Kusi, Adwoa Bemah Boamah Mensah, Kofi Boamah Mensah, Veronica Millicent Dzomeku, Felix Apiribu, Precious Adade Duodu, Bakinam Adamu, Pascal Agbadi and Kwadwo Osei Bonsu

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:165

    Content type: Systematic review update

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  8. Increasing numbers of critically ill patients experience a prolonged intensive care unit stay contributing to greater physical and psychological morbidity, strain on families and cost to health systems. Qualit...

    Authors: Laura Allum, Chloe Apps, Nicholas Hart, Natalie Pattison, Bronwen Connolly and Louise Rose

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:164

    Content type: Protocol

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  9. Exergaming is a fun, engaging, and interactive form of exercising that may help overcome some of the traditional exercise barriers and help improve adherence on the part of older adults, providing therapeutic ...

    Authors: T. B. F. Pacheco, C. S. P. de Medeiros, V. H. B. de Oliveira, E. R. Vieira and F. A. C. de Cavalcanti

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:163

    Content type: Research

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  10. Decision-makers increasingly request rapid answers to clinical or public health questions. To save time, personnel, and financial resources, rapid reviews streamline the methodological steps of the systematic ...

    Authors: Lisa Affengruber, Gernot Wagner, Siw Waffenschmidt, Stefan K. Lhachimi, Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit, Kylie Thaler, Ursula Griebler, Irma Klerings and Gerald Gartlehner

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:162

    Content type: Research

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  11. Over 4.2 million confirmed cases and more than 285,000 deaths, COVID-19 pandemic continues to harm significant number of people worldwide. Several studies have reported the impact of COVID-19 in general popula...

    Authors: Binny Thomas, Abdulrouf Pallivalapila, Wessam El Kassem, Asma Tarannum, Fatema Al Hail, Mohammed Rijims, Hussain Parappil, Arabo Ibrahim Bayo, Shamsa Ahmad, Zachariah Nazar, Derek Stewart and Moza Al Hail

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:161

    Content type: Protocol

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  12. More than eight in ten of the world’s 1.65 million adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus (ALHIV) live in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Suboptimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and poor v...

    Authors: Melkamu Merid Mengesha, Dessalegn Ajema, Awugchew Teshome and Abera Kenay Tura

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:160

    Content type: Protocol

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  13. Early postoperative hyperglycemia (POHG) is common and associated with poor postoperative outcomes. Currently, there is no systematic review and meta-analysis that addresses the knowledge gap of the incidence ...

    Authors: Paddy Ssentongo, Joseph A. Lewcun, Anna E. Ssentongo and David I. Soybel

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:158

    Content type: Protocol

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  14. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the use and effectiveness of the local administration of tramadol in reducing post-operative pain during surgical interventions.

    Authors: Maria Beatrice Passavanti, Giacomo Piccinno, Aniello Alfieri, Sveva Di Franco, Pasquale Sansone, Giuseppe Mangoni, Vincenzo Pota, Caterina Aurilio, Maria Caterina Pace and Marco Fiore

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:157

    Content type: Protocol

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  15. There is limited evidence on whether screening for type 2 diabetes mellitus affects health outcomes. A recent systematic review of randomised clinical trials found only one trial that met their inclusion crite...

    Authors: Helen Mearns, Paul Kuodi Otiku, Mary Shelton, Tamara Kredo, Benjamin M. Kagina and Bey-Marrié Schmidt

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:156

    Content type: Protocol

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  16. This paper is the initial Position Statement of Evidence Synthesis International, a new partnership of organizations that produce, support and use evidence synthesis around the world. The paper (i) argues for ...

    Authors: David Gough, Phil Davies, Gro Jamtvedt, Etienne Langlois, Julia Littell, Tamara Lotfi, Edoardo Masset, Tracy Merlin, Andrew S. Pullin, Merel Ritskes-Hoitinga, John-Arne Røttingen, Emily Sena, Ruth Stewart, David Tovey, Howard White, Jennifer Yost…

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:155

    Content type: Commentary

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  17. Prediction of long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes remains an elusive goal for neonatology. Clinical and socioeconomic markers have not proven to be adequately reliable. The limitation in prognostication incl...

    Authors: Judy Seesahai, Maureen Luther, Carmen Cindy Rhoden, Paige Terrien Church, Elizabeth Asztalos and Rudaina Banihani

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:154

    Content type: Systematic review update

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  18. Capacity to deliver outpatient care for patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) may soon be outweighed by need. This systematic review aims to investigate the comparative effectiveness, sa...

    Authors: Shannon E. Kelly, Tammy J. Clifford, Doug Coyle, Janet Martin, Vivian Welch, Becky Skidmore, David Birnie, Ratika Parkash, Anthony S. L. Tang and George A. Wells

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:153

    Content type: Protocol

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  19. Hypertension is one of the public health challenges. Various risk factors are associated with hypertension, including social demographics, geographical location, health behaviours, and social stress. Intervent...

    Authors: Fateme Arabi Basharic, Ali Janati, Mohammad Zakaria Pezeshki, Rahim Khodayari-Zarnaq, Fatemeh Sadeghi-Ghyassi and Masoumeh Gholizadeh

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:152

    Content type: Protocol

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  20. Virtual care models are used to follow-up patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED), including pacemakers, implantable cardioverter defibrillators, and cardiac resynchronization therap...

    Authors: Shannon E. Kelly, Tammy J. Clifford, Becky Skidmore, David Birnie, Ratika Parkash and George A. Wells

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:151

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  21. This review will provide an overview of published data comparing transposition of the extensor indicis pollicis (EIP) tendon and palmaris longus (PL) tendon grafting in thumb extension reconstruction following...

    Authors: Abdulwares Meiwandi, Sarantos Kaptanis and Marios Papadakis

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:149

    Content type: Protocol

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  22. Velamentous cord insertion (VCI) is an umbilical cord attachment to the membranes surrounding the placenta instead of the central mass. VCI is strongly associated with vasa praevia (VP), where umbilical vessel...

    Authors: Amy Buchanan-Hughes, Anna Bobrowska, Cristina Visintin, George Attilakos and John Marshall

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:147

    Content type: Research

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  23. Pre- and post-partum depression is a common mood disorder with detrimental effects on both mother and child. The aim of the proposed review is to summarize evidence related to the effects of both pre- and post...

    Authors: Lea Takács, Vít Kandrnal, Šárka Kaňková, František Bartoš and Jiří Mudrák

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:146

    Content type: Protocol

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  24. Vestibular compensation is a homeostatic process that occurs in the central nervous system in response to peripheral vestibular dysfunction. Experimental studies in rodent models have suggested that unilateral...

    Authors: Rajiv Wijesinghe and Aaron Camp

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:145

    Content type: Research

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  25. Vitamin D (vitD) deficiency is a global childhood health problem. Food fortification is a promising strategy to curb vitD deficiency. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of utilizing vitD fortification in sta...

    Authors: Reem Al Khalifah, Rawan Alsheikh, Yossef Alnasser, Rana Alsheikh, Nora Alhelali, Ammar Naji and Nouf Al Backer

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:144

    Content type: Research

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  26. Acute liver failure is a rare syndrome with significant morbidity and mortality, particularly in absence of transplantation as a rescue therapy. An important mechanism contributing to mortality is hyperammonem...

    Authors: Andrea M. Robinson, C. J. Karvellas, Joanna C. Dionne, Robin Featherstone, Meghan Sebastianski, Ben Vandermeer and Oleksa G. Rewa

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:143

    Content type: Protocol

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  27. Health practitioners from different professions, and with differing competencies, need to collaborate to provide quality care. Competencies in interprofessional working need developing in undergraduate educati...

    Authors: Renée Allvin, Carl Thompson and Samuel Edelbring

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:142

    Content type: Protocol

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  28. There is no consensus on the role of inflammatory markers in identifying chorioamnionitis in preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM). We set out to evaluate the accuracy of maternal blood C-reactive pro...

    Authors: Angela Koech Etyang, Geoffrey Omuse, Abraham Mwaniki Mukaindo and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:141

    Content type: Research

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  29. A model that can predict treatment response for a patient with specific baseline characteristics would help decision-making in personalized medicine. The aim of the study is to develop such a model in the trea...

    Authors: Yan Luo, Konstantina Chalkou, Ryo Yamada, Satoshi Funada, Georgia Salanti and Toshi A. Furukawa

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:140

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  30. US opioid prescribing and use escalated over the last two decades, with parallel increases in opioid misuse, opioid-related deaths, and concerns about diversion. Postoperatively prescribed opioids contribute t...

    Authors: Lori Schirle, Amanda L. Stone, Matthew C. Morris, Sarah S. Osmundson, Philip D. Walker, Mary S. Dietrich and Stephen Bruehl

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:139

    Content type: Research

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  31. Alcohol use is a challenging problem which attributes to more than 5% of the overall global burden of disease. It is more common among persons with HIV infection than the general population. Although there are...

    Authors: Birhanie Mekuriaw, Zelalem Belayneh, Alemayehu Molla and Tsegaye Mehare

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:138

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  32. Diabetes is a highly prevalent chronic disease that places a large burden on individuals and health care systems. Models predicting the risk (also called predictive models) of other conditions often compare pe...

    Authors: Ruth Ndjaboue, Imen Farhat, Carol-Ann Ferlatte, Gérard Ngueta, Daniel Guay, Sasha Delorme, Noah Ivers, Baiju R. Shah, Sharon Straus, Catherine Yu and Holly O. Witteman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:137

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  33. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders impose a significant and most often underappreciated burden to the individual, nation, healthcare system, and society as a whole. To the best of our knowledge, there is a...

    Authors: Tsiwaye Gebreyesus, Kalkidan Nigussie, Moges Gashaw and Balamurugan Janakiraman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:136

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  34. Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of various cardiovascular and type 2 diabetes risk factors, such as abdominal obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, high blood pressure, and high blood glucose, but its preva...

    Authors: Nicholas Kofi Adjei, Florence Samkange-Zeeb, Mihiretu Kebede, Maham Saleem, Thomas L. Heise and Hajo Zeeb

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:134

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  35. Community-based peer and community health worker-led diabetes self-management programs (COMP-DSMP) can benefit diabetes care, but the supporting evidence has been inadequately assessed. This systematic review ...

    Authors: Mahmoud Werfalli, Peter J. Raubenheimer, Mark Engel, Alfred Musekiwa, Kirsten Bobrow, Nasheeta Peer, Cecilia Hoegfeldt, Sebastiana Kalula, Andre Pascal Kengne and Naomi S. Levitt

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:133

    Content type: Research

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  36. Network meta-analyses (NMAs) of psoriasis treatments, undertaken as part of the NICE Single Technology Appraisal (STA) process, have included heterogeneous studies. When there is inconsistency or heterogeneity...

    Authors: Ros Wade, Sahar Sharif-Hurst and Sofia Dias

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:132

    Content type: Research

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  37. Delirium is an acute confusional state, common in critical illness and associated with cognitive decline. There is no effective pharmacotherapy to prevent or treat delirium, although it is scientifically plaus...

    Authors: Cathrine A. McKenzie, Valerie J. Page, W. David Strain, Bronagh Blackwood, Marlies Ostermann, David Taylor, Peter E. Spronk and Daniel F. McAuley

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:131

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  38. Despite the enormous financial and humanistic burden of chronic low back pain (CLBP), there is little consensus on what constitutes the best treatment options from a multitude of competing interventions. The o...

    Authors: Trevor Thompson, Sofia Dias, Damian Poulter, Sharon Weldon, Lucy Marsh, Claire Rossato, Jae Il Shin, Joseph Firth, Nicola Veronese, Elena Dragioti, Brendon Stubbs, Marco Solmi, Christopher G. Maher, Andrea Cipriani and John P. A. Ioannidis

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:130

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  39. According to the UK’s Office for National Statistics, England and Wales reported a 2.9% increase in sexual aggression cases (3.4 million females and 631,000 males) between 2009 and 2019. In Scotland, sexual ag...

    Authors: Delarise Maud Mulqueeny, Jennifer Roberts and Senzelokuhle Mpumelelo Nkabini

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:129

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  40. Healthy aging (HA) is a contemporary challenge for population health worldwide. Electronic health (e-Health) interventions have the potential to support empowerment and education of adults aged 50 and over.

    Authors: Ronald Buyl, Idrissa Beogo, Maaike Fobelets, Carole Deletroz, Philip Van Landuyt, Samantha Dequanter, Ellen Gorus, Anne Bourbonnais, Anik Giguère, Kathleen Lechasseur and Marie-Pierre Gagnon

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:128

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Six core behavioural risk factors (poor diet, physical activity, sedentary behaviour, alcohol misuse, smoking and unhealthy sleep patterns) have been identified as strong determinants of chronic disease, such ...

    Authors: Louise Thornton, Bridie Osman, Annie B. Wescott, Matthew Sunderland, Katrina Champion, Olivia Green, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Tim Slade, Nickie Newton, Cath Chapman, Maree Teesson, Katherine Mills, Louise Birrell, David Lubans, Pepijn Van de Ven, John Torous…

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:127

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  42. Perinatal loss is a traumatic and complex experience that contributes to negative maternal psychological states and adverse outcomes impacting fetal development, maternal-fetal/infant bonding, marital/partner ...

    Authors: Elyse M. Charrois, Katherine S. Bright, Abdul Wajid, Muhammad Kashif Mughal, K. Alix Hayden and Dawn Kingston

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:125

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  43. Current understandings of the etiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the trajectory of care significantly lack consideration for the inclusion of Black populations. The global prevalence of TBI is increa...

    Authors: Samira Omar, LLana James, Angela Colantonio and Stephanie A. Nixon

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:124

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  44. Chronic musculoskeletal pain represents an enormous burden in society. Best-practice care for chronic musculoskeletal pain suggests adoption of self-management strategies. Telehealth interventions (e.g., video...

    Authors: Lívia G. Fernandes, Hemakumar Devan, Steven J. Kamper, Christopher M. Williams and Bruno T. Saragiotto

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:122

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  45. Continuous glucose monitorings (CGMs) have been used to manage diabetes with reasonable glucose control amongst patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in recent decades. CGMs measure interstitial fluid glucose le...

    Authors: Mingyue Zheng, Yunting Luo, Wei Lin, Adeel Khoja, Qian He, Shenqiao Yang, Xuan Zhao and Peng Hu

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2020 9:120

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

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