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  1. Patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) commonly experience exercise intolerance, resulting in reduced cardiorespiratory fitness. This is characterised by a decreased maximal oxyge...

    Authors: Raphael Schoch, Benedikt Gasser, Philippe Beck, Christian Appenzeller-Herzog and Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:159
  2. Systematically screening published literature to determine the relevant publications to synthesize in a review is a time-consuming and difficult task. Large language models (LLMs) are an emerging technology wi...

    Authors: Fabio Dennstädt, Johannes Zink, Paul Martin Putora, Janna Hastings and Nikola Cihoric
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:158
  3. The use of prophylactic antibiotics in surgery is contentious. With the rise in antimicrobial resistance, evidence-based antibiotic use should be followed. This systematic review and network meta-analysis will...

    Authors: Chen Zhang, Suraya Mohamed Yusuf, Soma Farag, Ryckie George Wade and Justin Conrad Rosen Wormald
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:157
  4. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a life-saving treatment for adolescents and young adults (ages 15–39) with hematologic malignancy. Given the significant developmental milestones usually achie...

    Authors: Nikita V. Baclig, Antonia Osuna-Garcia, Vivek Chotai, Patricia A. Ganz and Eden R. Brauer
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:156
  5. Due to increasing life expectancy, almost half of people with type 2 diabetes are aged 65 years or over worldwide. When metformin alone does not control blood sugar, the choice of which second-line therapy to ...

    Authors: Jingya Wang, Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar, Christopher Sainsbury, David J. Moore, Alan Sinclair, G. Neil Thomas, Wasim Hanif, Megha Singh, Luyuan Tan, Zhaonan Wang, Nikita Simms-Williams, Mi Yao, M. Niluka Gunathilaka, Pushpa Singh, Konstantinos Toulis, Apostolos Tsapas…
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:155
  6. Frailty reduction and reversal have been addressed successfully among older populations within community settings. However, these findings may not be applicable to residential care settings, largely due to the...

    Authors: R. C. Ambagtsheer, M. J. Leach, L. M. O’Brien, J. Tyndall, J. Wardle and J. Beilby
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:154
  7. Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women in the UK. Following mastectomy, reconstruction is now integral to the surgical management of breast cancer, of which implant-based reconstruction (IBBR)...

    Authors: H. Cook, D. Zargaran, S. P. Glynou, S. Hamilton and A. Mosahebi
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:153
  8. Despite growing interest in workplace mental health interventions, evidence of their effectiveness is mixed. Implementation science offers a valuable lens to investigate the factors influencing successful impl...

    Authors: Charlotte Paterson, Caleb Leduc, Margaret Maxwell, Birgit Aust, Heather Strachan, Ainslie O’Connor, Fotini Tsantila, Johanna Cresswell-Smith, Gyorgy Purebl, Lars Winter, Naim Fanaj, Asmae Doukani, Bridget Hogg, Paul Corcoran, Luigia D’Alessandro, Sharna Mathieu…
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:152
  9. Memory and attention are important for daily functioning, and their function deteriorates due to aging. However, fruit and vegetable consumption are one of the protective factors against deterioration in memor...

    Authors: Khai Ling Khor, Vashnarekha Kumarasuriar, Kok Wei Tan, Pei Boon Ooi and Yook-Chin Chia
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:151
  10. Clinical trials investigating acetabular fractures are heterogeneous in their investigated outcomes and their corresponding measurements. Standardization may facilitate comparability and pooling of research re...

    Authors: Denise Schulz, Adrian Deichsel, Martin C. Jordan, Joachim Windolf, Michael J. Raschke and Anne Neubert
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:150
  11. Co-production is a collaborative approach to prepare, plan, conduct, and apply research with those who will use or be impacted by research (knowledge users). Our team of knowledge users and researchers sought ...

    Authors: Janet Jull, Maureen Smith, Meg Carley, Dawn Stacey and Ian D. Graham
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:149
  12. Due to their adverse environmental and health impacts, brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are listed in Annex A of the Stockholm Convention for global elimination of production and use. Their health impacts in...

    Authors: Rebecca Mlelwa and Hanna-Andrea Rother
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:148
  13. Personalised prevention aims to delay or avoid disease occurrence, progression, and recurrence of disease through the adoption of targeted interventions that consider the individual biological, including genet...

    Authors: E Plans-Beriso, C Babb-de-Villiers, D Petrova, C Barahona-López, P Diez-Echave, O R Hernández, N F Fernández-Martínez, H Turner, E García-Ovejero, O Craciun, P Fernández-Navarro, N Fernández-Larrea, E García-Esquinas, I Kuhn, V Jiménez-Planet, V Moreno…
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:147
  14. Atrophic edentulous maxilla is a debilitating condition caused by the progressive and irreversible bone resorption following loss of teeth, that results in bone of inadequate volume and density. This makes con...

    Authors: Anisha Rodrigues, Samer Abi-Nader, Robert Durand, Pierre Rompré, Amal Idrissi Janati, Saadet Atsu, Martin Morris and Elham Emami
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:146
  15. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery is a principal option for treating chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) after medication failures. Unfortunately, some patients still have unsatisfactory postop...

    Authors: Yan Xie, Fangqi Liang, Li Zhou, Qing Chen, Feifei Chen, Qinwei Fu, Shiqi Wu, Dandi Zeng, Wanling Cui, Linzhi Liao and Luyun Jiang
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:145
  16. Many healthcare professionals are experiencing psychological distress. Electronic mental health (e-mental health) interventions are convenient and multifunctional. This review aimed to examine the effectivenes...

    Authors: Zemiao Zhang, Yinhuan Hu, Sha Liu, Xiandong Feng, Jinhong Yang, Ling Jie Cheng, Sheena Ramazanu and Xi Vivien Wu
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:144
  17. The prevalence of psychosis has been shown to be disproportionately high amongst sexual and gender minority individuals. However, there is currently little consideration of the unique needs of this population ...

    Authors: Cláudia C. Gonçalves, Zoe Waters, Shae E. Quirk, Peter M. Haddad, Ashleigh Lin, Lana J. Williams and Alison R. Yung
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:143
  18. Currently, iodine deficiency has become a significant burden globally; where 2 billion people and 29.8% of school-age children are iodine deficient. It is a leading cause of preventable brain damage among chil...

    Authors: Lemlem Daniel Baffa, Dessie Abebaw Angaw, Zufan Yiheyis Abriham, Moges Gashaw, Muluken Chanie Agimas, Mekonnen Sisay, Esmael Ali Muhammad, Berhanu Mengistu and Aysheshim Kassahun Belew
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:142
  19. Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a significant health burden in China, affecting a sizable portion of the population. Conventional pharmacological treatments frequently fall short of desirable outcomes. Therefor...

    Authors: Ming-Yuan Yan, Jin-Min Liu, Jing Wu and Qing Chang
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:141
  20. Different guideline panels, and individuals, may make different decisions based in part on their preferences. Preferences for or against an intervention are viewed as a consequence of the relative importance p...

    Authors: Jennifer Pillay, Samantha Guitard, Sholeh Rahman, Sabrina Saba, Ashiqur Rahman, Liza Bialy, Nicole Gehring, Maria Tan, Alex Melton and Lisa Hartling
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:140
  21. Women who live with disadvantages such as socioeconomic deprivation, substance misuse, poor mental health, or domestic abuse face inequalities in health before, during, and after pregnancy and for their infant...

    Authors: N. Vousden, D. Geddes-Barton, N. Roberts and M. Knight
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:139
  22. Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a prevalent complication that has been shown to have a negative impact on rehabilitation outcomes and quality of life and poses a significant risk for suicidal intention. Howeve...

    Authors: Lu Zhou, Lei Wang, Gao Liu and EnLi Cai
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:138
  23. Adherence to physiotherapeutic treatment and recommendations is crucial to achieving planned goals and desired health outcomes. This overview of systematic reviews synthesises the wide range of additional inte...

    Authors: Clemens Ley and Peter Putz
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:137
  24. Sexual dysfunction poses a significant challenge for patients with cardiac conditions. Concerning the prevalence of sexual disorders in cardiovascular patients, several seminal studies conducted in various reg...

    Authors: Arash Ziapour, Mohsen Kazeminia, Mohammad Rouzbahani, Saeedeh Bakhshi, Nafiseh Montazeri, Murat Yıldırım, Hani Tadbiri, Farideh Moradi and Parisa Janjani
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:136
  25. We aimed to compare the concordance of information extracted and the time taken between a large language model (OpenAI’s GPT-3.5 Turbo via API) against conventional human extraction methods in retrieving infor...

    Authors: Celeste Ci Ying Gue, Noorul Dharajath Abdul Rahim, William Rojas-Carabali, Rupesh Agrawal, Palvannan RK, John Abisheganaden and Wan Fen Yip
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:135
  26. Postintensive care syndrome (PICS) is common in critically ill adults who were treated in the intensive care unit (ICU). Although comparative analyses between types of non-pharmacological measures and usual ca...

    Authors: Xiaoying Sun, Qian Tao, Qing Cui, Yaqiong Liu and Shouzhen Cheng
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:132
  27. The current paradigm of competency-based medical education and learner-centredness requires learners to take an active role in their training. However, deliberate and planned continual assessment and performan...

    Authors: Anna Romanova, Claire Touchie, Sydney Ruller, Victoria Cole and Susan Humphrey-Murto
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:131
  28. Within the sub-Saharan African region, there is a growing concern for sexual and reproductive health and rights communication, and more particularly, for adolescents. Given the existing barriers associated wit...

    Authors: Josephine Akua Ackah, Kobina Esia-Donkoh, Antoinette P. Amponsah, Wonder Agbemavi, Vincent Bio Bediako and Gloria N. A. Tettey
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:130
  29. The primary purpose of this review is to synthesise the effect of strategies aiming to sustain the implementation of evidenced-based interventions (EBIs) targeting key health behaviours associated with chronic...

    Authors: Edward Riley-Gibson, Alix Hall, Adam Shoesmith, Luke Wolfenden, Rachel C. Shelton, Emma Doherty, Emma Pollock, Debbie Booth, Ramzi G. Salloum, Celia Laur, Byron J. Powell, Melanie Kingsland, Cassandra Lane, Maji Hailemariam, Rachel Sutherland and Nicole Nathan
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:129
  30. Personal Growth Initiative (PGI) a multi-dimensional construct, conceptualised as a skill set that helps individuals to intentionally grow is considered an important construct throughout the life span. Coping ...

    Authors: Katleen Verdoodt, Marianne Simons, Natascha de Hoog, Jennifer Reijnders and Nele Jacobs
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:127
  31. The unprecedented volume and speed at which COVID-19-related systematic reviews (SRs) may have been produced has raised questions regarding the quality of this evidence. It is feasible that pandemic-related fa...

    Authors: Kevin T. McDermott, Mark Perry, Willemijn Linden, Rachel Croft, Robert Wolff and Jos Kleijnen
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:126
  32. Authors: Soledad Ballesteros, Michel Audifren, Andreea Badache, Vera Belkin, Christoforos D. Giannaki, Antonia Kaltsatou, Uros Marusic, Mohammad Mosaferi Ziaaldini, Manca Peskar, Jose M. Reales, Jennifer A. Rieker, Pinelopi S. Stavrinou, Juan Tortosa‑Martinez, Claudia Voelcker‑Rehage and Yael Netz
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:125

    The original article was published in Systematic Reviews 2024 13:98

  33. Psychosocial approaches are the first-line treatments for cocaine dependence, although they still present high dropout and relapse rates. Thus, there is a pressing need to understand which variables influence ...

    Authors: Alba Palazón-Llecha, Beatriz Caparrós, Joan Trujols, Santiago Duran-Sindreu, Francesca Batlle, Mercè Madre and Núria Mallorquí-Bagué
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:124
  34. Thyroid dysfunction is common in older people, with females at higher risk. Evidence suggests that thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels naturally increase with age. However, as uniform serum TSH reference ...

    Authors: Mia Holley, Salman Razvi, Mohammed Saif Farooq, Rosie Dew, Ian Maxwell and Scott Wilkes
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:123
  35. IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is a common cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Outcomes are highly variable and predicting risk of disease progression at an individual level is ch...

    Authors: Michael Toal, Ruth Fergie, Michael Quinn, Christopher Hill, Ciaran O’Neill and Alexander P. Maxwell
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:122
  36. Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) can be functionally debilitating in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). OPD induces alterations in safety and efficiency of food and/or liquid ingestion and may incur negative...

    Authors: Zahra Sadeghi, Mohamadreza Afshar, Asefeh Memarian and Heather L. Flowers
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:121
  37. Thyroid dysfunction (TD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) frequently co-occur and have overlapping pathologies, and their risk increases with age. Thyroid dysfunction along with T2DM will worsen macro- and ...

    Authors: Rishan Hadgu, Abebaw Worede and Sintayehu Ambachew
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:119
  38. Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) before endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) is the standard treatment for patients with acute ischemic stroke caused by large vessel occlusion (AIS-LVO). However, the efficacy and saf...

    Authors: Qiangji Bao, Xiaodong Huang, Xinting Wu, Hao Huang, Xiaoqiang Zhang and Mingfei Yang
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:118
  39. Hyperglycemia in pregnancy (HIP) is a significant medical complication affecting pregnant women globally and is considered a public health burden due to the negative outcomes it can cause for both mother and i...

    Authors: Assefa Tola, Nega Assefa, Yadeta Dessie, Lemessa Oljira, Lemma Demissie Regassa, Tadesse Gure and Tesfaye Gobena
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:116
  40. The development of antiretroviral therapy broadly extends the life expectancy of persons living with HIV (PLHIV). However, stigma and discrimination are still great threat to these individuals and the world's ...

    Authors: Yizhu Zhang, Xianxia Yang, Xinru Chai, Shuyu Han, Lili Zhang, Ying Shao, Jianhong Ma, Ke Li and Zhiwen Wang
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:115
  41. Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) is common following musculoskeletal and orthopedic surgeries and is associated with impairment and reduced quality of life. Several interventions have been proposed to reduce C...

    Authors: Mohammed Al-Asadi, Kian Torabiardakani, Andrea J. Darzi, Ian Gilron, Maura Marcucci, James S. Khan, Luis E. Chaparro, Brittany N. Rosenbloom, Rachel J. Couban, Andrew Thomas, Jason W. Busse and Behnam Sadeghirad
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:114
  42. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in widespread disruptions to primary healthcare delivery and shifts to virtual care. Reduced in-person paediatric primary care visit rates have been reported. However, the ex...

    Authors: Xin Qi, Mackenzie Jordan, Isabella Mignacca, Imaan Bayoumi and Patricia Li
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:113
  43. Endodontic therapy in pediatric dentistry is a challenging procedure, especially for special needs, uncooperative, and very young patients. A new conservative approach which is the non-instrumental endodontic ...

    Authors: Farah Chouchene, Amira Oueslati, Fatma Masmoudi, Ahlem Baaziz, Fethi Maatouk and Hichem Ghedira
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2024 13:112

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