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  1. Content type: Research

    This study is to perform a systematic review of existing guidance on quality of reporting and methodology for systematic reviews of diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) in order to compile a list of potential items ...

    Authors: Trevor A. McGrath, Mostafa Alabousi, Becky Skidmore, Daniël A. Korevaar, Patrick M. M. Bossuyt, David Moher, Brett Thombs and Matthew D. F. McInnes

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:194

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  2. Content type: Protocol

    Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2+) breast cancer is an aggressive disease that makes up about 20% of all invasive breast cancers. HER2+ breast cancer is associated with poor prognosis an...

    Authors: Florence R. Wilson, Megan E. Coombes, Quinlan Wylie, Mariya Yurchenko, Christine Brezden-Masley, Brian Hutton, Becky Skidmore and Chris Cameron

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:196

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  3. Content type: Protocol

    Mobile health (mHealth) interventions for smoking cessation have been shown to be associated with an increase in effectiveness. However, interventions using mobile phones to change people’s behaviour are often...

    Authors: Pritaporn Kingkaew, Liz Glidewell, Rebecca Walwyn, Hamish Fraser and Jeremy C. Wyatt

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:193

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  4. Content type: Protocol

    The health of older persons has not been a major priority in many African countries. Hypertension is one of the common health problems of older persons. However, there is little information on the prevalence o...

    Authors: William K. Bosu, Justice M. K. Aheto, Eugenio Zucchelli and Siobhan Reilly

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:192

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  5. Content type: Protocol

    Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with significant mortality or may have a poor neurological outcome. Various community-training programmes have improved practices like bystander cardiopulmon...

    Authors: Leanne Eveson, Marcela Vizcaychipi and Shashank Patil

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:191

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  6. Content type: Protocol

    Numerous psychological risk and protective factors have been identified as contributing to or preventing the development of the prevalent issue of chronic pain. Systematic reviews of studies on psychological i...

    Authors: Mélanie Bérubé, Céline Gélinas, Manon Choinière, Nancy Feeley, Géraldine Martorella, Stefan Parent and David L. Streiner

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:190

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  7. Content type: Protocol

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are childhood onset neurodevelopmental disorders that may persist into adulthood. ASD and ADHD tend to run in families and may...

    Authors: Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Matthew J. Page, Manuel Ridao, Jane A. Driver, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Jaume Forés-Martos, Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Eduard Vieta, Alfonso Valencia and Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:189

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  8. Content type: Protocol

    Myopia is a common visual disorder with increasing prevalence among developed countries of the world. Myopia constitutes a substantial risk factor for several ocular conditions that can lead to blindness. The ...

    Authors: Efthymia Prousali, Asimina Mataftsi, Nikolaos Ziakas, Andreas Fontalis, Periklis Brazitikos and Anna-Bettina Haidich

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:188

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  9. Content type: Protocol

    Despite the growing appreciation of the importance of sex and gender considerations in transplantation research, there is currently no framework or good practice guidelines for the appropriate handling of sex ...

    Authors: Claudie Laprise, Vikas Srinivasan Sridhar, Lori West, Bethany Foster, Louise Pilote and Ruth Sapir-Pichhadze

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:186

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  10. Content type: Protocol

    Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are highly prevalent in patients with dementia. Both pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies are commonly used to treat these symptoms, but t...

    Authors: Jennifer Watt, Zahra Goodarzi, Andrea C. Tricco, Areti-Angeliki Veroniki and Sharon E. Straus

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:182

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  11. Content type: Protocol

    While many outcomes post-stroke (e.g., depression) have been previously investigated, there is no complete data on the impact of a variety of quality improvement strategies on the quality of life and physical ...

    Authors: Sarah E.P. Munce, Laure Perrier, Saeha Shin, Chamila Adhihetty, Kristen Pitzul, Michelle L.A. Nelson and Mark T. Bayley

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:184

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  12. Content type: Protocol

    Prevalence of non-communicable diseases has been increasing at a greater pace in developing countries and, in particular, the South Asia region. Various behavioral, social and environmental factors present in ...

    Authors: Sudesh Raj Sharma, Shiva Raj Mishra, Kusum Wagle, Rachel Page, Anna Matheson, Danielle Lambrick, James Faulkner, David Lounsbury and Abhinav Vaidya

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:183

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  13. Content type: Research

    The clinical specialty of obstetrics is under particular scrutiny with increasing litigation costs and unnecessary tests and procedures done in attempts to prevent litigation. We aimed to identify reports eval...

    Authors: Roberta Cardoso, Wasifa Zarin, Vera Nincic, Sarah Louise Barber, Ahmet Metin Gulmezoglu, Charlotte Wilson, Katherine Wilson, Heather McDonald, Meghan Kenny, Rachel Warren, Sharon E. Straus and Andrea C. Tricco

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:181

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  14. Content type: Protocol

    Excess body weight and risky alcohol consumption are two of the greatest contributors to global disease. Health behaviours cluster in adolescence and track to adulthood. Very little is known about similar and ...

    Authors: Stephanie Scott, Jessica Reilly, Emma L. Giles, Frances Hillier-Brown, Louisa Ells, Eileen Kaner and Ashley Adamson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:180

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  15. Content type: Research

    The aim of the current study was to conduct a systematic review determining the effect of sport-specific mental health awareness programs to improve mental health knowledge and help-seeking among sports coache...

    Authors: Gavin Breslin, Stephen Shannon, Tandy Haughey, Paul Donnelly and Gerard Leavey

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:177

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  16. Content type: Commentary

    In this comment, we summarize several scientific concerns with the recently published systematic review from O’Connor and colleagues that examined the relationship between proximity to animal-feeding operation...

    Authors: Keeve E. Nachman, Juleen Lam, Leah H. Schinasi, Tara C. Smith, Beth J. Feingold and Joan A. Casey

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:179

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  17. Content type: Protocol

    Many medical residents lack ready access to social and emotional supports that enable them to successfully cope with the challenges associated with medical residency. This absence of support has been shown to ...

    Authors: Helen Pethrick, Lorelli Nowell, Elizabeth Oddone Paolucci, Liza Lorenzetti, Michele Jacobsen, Tracey Clancy and Diane L. Lorenzetti

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:178

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  18. Content type: Protocol

    Community pharmacies have great potential to deliver services aimed at promoting health and preventing disease, and are embedded within communities. In the light of a rapid increase in community pharmacy-deliv...

    Authors: Frances Hillier-Brown, Clare Bambra, Katie Thomson, Mirza Balaj, Nick Walton and Adam Todd

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:176

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  19. Content type: Protocol

    Growing evidence suggests that childhood and adolescence self-regulation contributes to multiple health, educational and social outcomes. Considering the potential impact of self-regulation skills on improved ...

    Authors: Anuja Pandey, Daniel Hale, Anne-Lise Goddings, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore and Russell Viner

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:175

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  20. Content type: Protocol

    Individuals living in rural and remote settings face oral health problems and access-to-care barriers due to the shortage of oral health care providers in these areas, geographic remoteness, lack of appropriat...

    Authors: Elham Emami, Naomi Kadoch, Sara Homayounfar, Hermina Harnagea, Patrice Dupont, Nicolas Giraudeau and Rodrigo Mariño

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:174

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  21. Content type: Research

    The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) depends on the choice of regimens during initiation. Most evidences from developed countries indicated that there is difference between efavirenz (EFV) and nev...

    Authors: Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Alemayehu Worku, Yigzaw Kebede, Kassahun Alemu, Adetayo Kasim and Ziv Shkedy

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:173

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  22. Content type: Protocol

    Mental health is an integral part of health and well-being and yet health systems have not adequately responded to the burden of mental disorders. Integrating mental health services into primary health care (P...

    Authors: Edith K. Wakida, Dickens Akena, Elialilia S. Okello, Alison Kinengyere, Ronald Kamoga, Arnold Mindra, Celestino Obua and Zohray M. Talib

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:171

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  23. Content type: Protocol

    In 2014, UNAIDS announced the 90-90-90 treatment targets to curb the HIV epidemic by 2020: 90% of people living with HIV know their HIV status, 90% of people who know their HIV status access treatment and 90% ...

    Authors: Aysel Gueler, Fiona Vanobberghen, Brian Rice, Matthias Egger and Catrina Mugglin

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:172

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  24. Content type: Research

    Quality improvement within health and social care facilities is needed and has to be evidence-based and patient-centered. Value Stream Mapping, a method of Lean management, aims to increase the patients’ value...

    Authors: Marina Nowak, Holger Pfaff and Ute Karbach

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:170

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  25. Content type: Protocol

    The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide, and there is growing interest in better delineating the role of the human gut microbiome in this phenomenon. Obesity-specific gut microbiome features have bee...

    Authors: Heidi Dutton, Mary-Anne Doyle, C. Arianne Buchan, Shuhiba Mohammad, Kristi B. Adamo, Risa Shorr and Dean A. Fergusson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:169

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  26. Content type: Protocol

    Context shapes the effectiveness of knowledge implementation and influences health improvement. Successful healthcare quality improvement (QI) initiatives frequently fail to transfer to different settings, wit...

    Authors: Emma Coles, Mary Wells, Margaret Maxwell, Fiona M. Harris, Julie Anderson, Nicola M. Gray, Gill Milner and Stephen MacGillivray

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:168

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  27. Content type: Research

    Search strategies for systematic reviews aim to identify all evidence relevant to the research question posed. Reports of methodological research can be difficult to find leading to biased results in systemati...

    Authors: Valerie Brueton, Jayne F. Tierney, Sally Stenning and Greta Rait

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:167

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  28. Content type: Protocol

    Currently, about 2 per 1000 children in the industrialised world are severely visually impaired or blind (SVI/BL) due to diverse uncommon conditions that are usually present from early infancy. The impact of S...

    Authors: Lucinda J Teoh, Ameenat L Solebo and Jugnoo S Rahi

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:166

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  29. Content type: Protocol

    Measuring and monitoring progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5 requires valid and reliable estimates of maternal and neonatal mortality. In South Africa, there are conflicting reports on ...

    Authors: Damian J. Damian, Bernard Njau, Ester Lisasi, Sia E. Msuya and Andrew Boulle

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:165

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  30. Content type: Protocol

    Hip fractures are a major public health problem in elderly populations and are accompanied by high-mortality rates. Whether timing of surgery has an impact on morbidity and mortality has been discussed controv...

    Authors: Thomas Klestil, Christoph Röder, Christoph Stotter, Birgit Winkler, Stefan Nehrer, Martin Lutz, Irma Klerings, Gernot Wagner, Gerald Gartlehner and Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:164

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  31. Content type: Protocol

    Acute low back pain (ALBP) is the top cause of global disability, demonstrating a significant impact on individuals and society and demanding the need for appropriate management. There is a trend towards an in...

    Authors: Natalia Mouravska, Laura Zielinski, Meha Bhatt, Nitika Sanger, Monica Bawor, Brittany Dennis, Laura Banfield, James MacKillop, James Paul, Andrew Worster, Philip Laplante, Lehana Thabane and Zainab Samaan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:163

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  32. Content type: Protocol

    Recent increasing trends in breast cancer incidence and survival have resulted in unprecedented numbers of cancer survivors in the general population. A cancer diagnosis may have a profound psychological impac...

    Authors: Helena Carreira, Rachael Williams, Martin Müller, Rhea Harewood and Krishnan Bhaskaran

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:162

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  33. Content type: Protocol

    Head and neck cancers include malignancies of the mouth, larynx and oropharynx. Tobacco use and alcohol consumption are associated with increased risks of developing and dying from head and neck cancer. The ai...

    Authors: Ellie Shingler, Luke A. Robles, Rachel Perry, Chris Penfold, Andy Ness, Steve Thomas, J. Athene Lane and Richard M. Martin

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:161

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  34. Content type: Protocol

    Care transitions from the hospital to home are critical to the sustainability of our health care system. Ineffective care transitions can be caused by high incidences of post-discharge adverse events, by poor ...

    Authors: Chantal Backman, Julie Chartrand, Orvie Dingwall and Beverley Shea

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:158

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  35. Content type: Protocol

    Because of the enormous social and economic burden of disease, the prevention of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s-type dementia has become a major global public health priority. Studies show that cogn...

    Authors: Nina Matyas, Stefanie Auer, Christoph Gisinger, Monika Kil, Filiz Keser Aschenberger, Irma Klerings and Gerald Gartlehner

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:157

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  36. Content type: Protocol

    There are 43 state medical marijuana programs in the USA, yet limited evidence is available on the demographic characteristics of the patient population accessing these programs. Moreover, insights into the so...

    Authors: Celina I. Valencia, Ibitola O. Asaolu, John E. Ehiri and Cecilia Rosales

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:154

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  37. Content type: Protocol

    Shared decision-making (SDM) is a patient-centred approach in which clinicians and patients work side-by-side to decide together on the best course of action for each patient’s particular situation. Six key el...

    Authors: Thomas H. Wieringa, Marleen Kunneman, Rene Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Victor M. Montori, Maartje de Wit, Ellen M. A. Smets, Linda J. Schoonmade, Gabriela Spencer-Bonilla and Frank J. Snoek

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:155

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  38. Content type: Letter

    Data extraction is one of the most time-consuming tasks in performing a systematic review. Extraction is often onto some sort of form. Sharing completed forms can be used to check quality and accuracy of extra...

    Authors: Farhad Shokraneh and Clive E. Adams

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:153

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    The Letter to this article has been published in Systematic Reviews 2018 7:18

  39. Content type: Protocol

    Studies show that a large number of women around the world have experienced situations of abuse, disrespect, abuse, and neglect during childbirth and/or abortion. This violence is a serious violation of the ri...

    Authors: Sofia Madeira, Vicky Pileggi and João Paulo Souza

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:152

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  40. Content type: Research

    Radical cystectomy is associated with high rates of perioperative morbidity. Robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) is widely used today despite limited evidence for clinical superiority. The aim of this r...

    Authors: Susanne Vahr Lauridsen, Hanne Tønnesen, Bente Thoft Jensen, Bruno Neuner, Peter Thind and Thordis Thomsen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:150

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  41. Content type: Protocol

    Head and neck cancer incidence is increasing worldwide. Despite overall improvements in survival, numerous studies suggest worse survival in more disadvantaged populations; however, this literature has not bee...

    Authors: Bilal G. Taib, Joseph Rylands, Sue Povall, Terry M. Jones and David Taylor-Robinson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:151

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  42. Content type: Research

    Producing high-quality, relevant systematic reviews and keeping them up to date is challenging. Cochrane is a leading provider of systematic reviews in health. For Cochrane to continue to contribute to improve...

    Authors: Tari Turner, Sally Green, David Tovey, Steve McDonald, Karla Soares-Weiser, Charlotte Pestridge and Julian Elliott

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:147

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  43. Content type: Commentary

    There is an increasing body of research documenting flaws in many published systematic reviews’ methodological and reporting conduct. When good systematic review practice is questioned, attention is rarely tur...

    Authors: Lesley Uttley and Paul Montgomery

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:149

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  44. Content type: Protocol

    The use of electronic records in healthcare is increasing. To avoid errors, it is essential that the data displays used by these systems are usable: efficient, effective and satisfying. A wide variety of displ...

    Authors: Antonia Burt, Lauren Morgan, Tatjana Petrinic, Duncan Young and Peter Watkinson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:148

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  45. Content type: Research

    Guidelines for assessing methodological and reporting quality of systematic reviews (SRs) were developed to contribute to implementing evidence-based health care and the reduction of research waste. As SRs ass...

    Authors: Kusala Pussegoda, Lucy Turner, Chantelle Garritty, Alain Mayhew, Becky Skidmore, Adrienne Stevens, Isabelle Boutron, Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, Lise M. Bjerre, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson, Douglas G. Altman and David Moher

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:131

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