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  1. Content type: Methodology

    The PRISMA Statement is a reporting guideline designed to improve transparency of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses. Seven extensions to the PRISMA Statement have been published to address the reporti...

    Authors: Matthew J. Page and David Moher

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:263

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  2. Content type: Research

    Social relationships, which are contingent on access to social networks, promote engagement in social activities and provide access to social support. These social factors have been shown to positively impact ...

    Authors: Michelle E. Kelly, Hollie Duff, Sara Kelly, Joanna E. McHugh Power, Sabina Brennan, Brian A. Lawlor and David G. Loughrey

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:259

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  3. Content type: Protocol

    Individuals with persistent low back pain commonly have a broad range of other health concerns including co-occurring musculoskeletal pain, which significantly affect their quality of life, symptom severity, a...

    Authors: Cecilie K. Overaas, Melker S. Johansson, Tarcisio F. de Campos, Manuela L. Ferreira, Bard Natvig, Paul J. Mork and Jan Hartvigsen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:258

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  4. Content type: Protocol

    One third of women will have an abortion in their lifetime (Kerr, QUT Law Rev 14:15, 2014; Aston and Bewley, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 11:163–8, 2009). These women are more likely to have experienced domest...

    Authors: Lydia Mainey, Annabel Taylor, Kathleen Baird and Catherine O’Mullan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:257

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  5. Content type: Protocol

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a recognized threat to global public health. Increasing AMR and a dry pipeline of novel antimicrobial drugs have put AMR in the international spotlight. One strategy to combat...

    Authors: Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Marc Mendelson, Monica Taljaard and Steven J. Hoffman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:256

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  6. Content type: Protocol

    Integrated reminders within clinical systems have become more prevalent due to the use of electronic health records and evidence demonstrating an increase in compliance within practice. Clinical reminders are ...

    Authors: Ruth Backman, Susan Bayliss, David Moore and Ian Litchfield

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:255

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  7. Content type: Protocol

    Violence during pregnancy is a global problem, associated with serious health risks for both the mother and baby. Evaluation of interventions targeted for reducing or controlling domestic violence (DV) is stil...

    Authors: Diksha Sapkota, Kathleen Baird, Amornrat Saito and Debra Anderson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:254

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  8. Content type: Protocol

    Neonatal systemic infections and their consequent impairments give rise to long-lasting health, economic and social effects on the neonate, the family and the nation. Considering the dearth of consolidated eco...

    Authors: Shruti Murthy, Denny John, Isadora Perpetual Godinho, Myron Anthony Godinho, Vasudeva Guddattu and N. Sreekumaran Nair

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:252

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  9. Content type: Protocol

    Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is an urgent problem globally, with overuse and misuse of antibiotics being one of the main drivers of antibiotic-resistant infections. There is increasing evidence that the burden ...

    Authors: Hannah Lishman, Paul Aylin, Vivian Alividza, Enrique Castro-Sanchez, Anuja Chatterjee, Victor Mariano, Alan P. Johnson, Samir Jeraj and Céire Costelloe

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:251

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  10. Content type: Research

    Treatment intensity scores can predict mortality and estimate resource use. They may therefore be of interest for essential neonatal care in low resource settings where neonatal mortality remains high. We soug...

    Authors: Jalemba Aluvaala, Gary S. Collins, Michuki Maina, James A. Berkley and Mike English

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:248

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  11. Content type: Research

    Abnormal placental cord insertion (PCI) includes marginal cord insertion (MCI) and velamentous cord insertion (VCI). VCI has been shown to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. This systematic review ...

    Authors: Khadijah Irfah Ismail, Ailish Hannigan, Keelin O’Donoghue and Amanda Cotter

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:242

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  12. Content type: Research

    Within systematic reviews, when searching for relevant references, it is advisable to use multiple databases. However, searching databases is laborious and time-consuming, as syntax of search strategies are da...

    Authors: Wichor M. Bramer, Melissa L. Rethlefsen, Jos Kleijnen and Oscar H. Franco

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:245

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  13. Content type: Protocol

    Recent advances in cancer therapeutics have resulted in significantly improved overall survival and progression-free survival for patients. Targeted oral systemic anticancer therapies (SACT) offer a range of t...

    Authors: Faouzi Djebbari, Nicola Stoner and Verna Lavender

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:244

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  14. Content type: Protocol

    Several studies have reported on factors influencing adolescent pregnancies and the associated outcomes, but evidence from a systematic review is limited, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where the greater bur...

    Authors: Carlson-Babila Sama, Stewart Ndutard Ngasa, Bonaventure Suiru Dzekem and Simeon-Pierre Choukem

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:247

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  15. Content type: Protocol

    Six key behavioural risk factors (risky alcohol use, smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and unhealthy sleep patterns) have been identified as strong determinants of chronic disease, s...

    Authors: Katrina E. Champion, Nicola C. Newton, Bonnie Spring, Q. Eileen Wafford, Belinda J. Parmenter and Maree Teesson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:246

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  16. Content type: Protocol

    Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening condition common after major surgery. Although the high incidence (0.3–30%) and mortality rate (16.9–31%) of PE in patients undergoing major surgical procedures is...

    Authors: Mazou N. Temgoua, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Celestin Danwang, Francky Teddy A. Endomba and Njinkeng J. Nkemngu

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:240

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  17. Content type: Protocol

    The indications for and the number of tracheostomy procedures has increased with advances in critical care. Studies are indicating likely continued increase in number of tracheostomies. Despite the important b...

    Authors: John Kutsukutsa, Tivani Phosa Mashamba-Thompson and Yougan Saman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:239

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  18. Content type: Correction

    During the production process for this article [1] some errors were introduced into Table 2. The correct version of Table 2 can be found below; the original article [1] has also been updated with the correct v...

    Authors: Silke Kuske, Tim Schiereck, Sandra Grobosch, Andrea Paduch, Sigrid Droste, Sarah Halbach and Andrea Icks

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:241

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    The original article was published in Systematic Reviews 2017 6:212

  19. Content type: Protocol

    The number of systematic reviews of economic evaluations is steadily increasing. This is probably related to the continuing pressure on health budgets worldwide which makes an efficient resource allocation inc...

    Authors: Miriam Luhnen, Barbara Prediger, Edmund A. M. Neugebauer and Tim Mathes

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:238

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  20. Content type: Research

    Immunosuppressive drugs have to be taken through the whole duration of kidney transplant survival to avoid rejection. Low adherence can increase the risk of allograft rejection.

    Authors: Tim Mathes, Kirsten Großpietsch, Edmund A. M. Neugebauer and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:236

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  21. Content type: Research

    The purpose and contribution of supplementary search methods in systematic reviews is increasingly acknowledged. Numerous studies have demonstrated their potential in identifying studies or study data that wou...

    Authors: Chris Cooper, Andrew Booth, Nicky Britten and Ruth Garside

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:234

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  22. Content type: Protocol

    Preterm birth is the most common cause of death and harm to newborn babies. Babies that are born early may have difficulties at birth and experience health problems during early childhood. Despite extensive st...

    Authors: Lesley A. Stewart, Mark Simmonds, Lelia Duley, Kristina Charlotte Dietz, Melissa Harden, Alex Hodkinson, Alexis Llewellyn, Sahar Sharif, Ruth Walker and Kath Wright

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:235

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  23. Content type: Research

    Citation screening for scoping searches and rapid review is time-consuming and inefficient, often requiring days or sometimes months to complete. We examined the reliability of PICo-based title-only screening ...

    Authors: John Rathbone, Loai Albarqouni, Mina Bakhit, Elaine Beller, Oyungerel Byambasuren, Tammy Hoffmann, Anna Mae Scott and Paul Glasziou

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:233

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  24. Content type: Protocol

    Mastectomy in the context of breast malignancy can have a profoundly negative impact on a woman’s self-image, impairing personal, sexual and social relationships. The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP)...

    Authors: Ankur Khajuria, Oliver J. Smith, Maxim Prokopenko, Maximillian Greenfield and Afshin Mosahebi

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:232

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  25. Content type: Methodology

    Overviews of systematic reviews attempt to systematically retrieve and summarise the results of multiple systematic reviews. Methods for conducting, interpreting and reporting overviews are in their infancy. T...

    Authors: Carole Lunny, Sue E. Brennan, Steve McDonald and Joanne E. McKenzie

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:231

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  26. Content type: Research

    Partial foot amputation (PFA) is a common consequence of advanced peripheral vascular disease. Given the different ways incidence rate and prevalence data have been measured and reported, it is difficult to sy...

    Authors: Michael P Dillon, Matthew Quigley and Stefania Fatone

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:230

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  27. Content type: Protocol

    Metastasis is the most frequent type of recurrence in gastrointestinal (GI) cancers, and there is an emerging potential for new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, especially in the cases of metastatic GI c...

    Authors: Elmira Gheytanchi, Zahra Madjd, Leila Janani, Arezoo Rasti, Roya Ghods, Fatemeh Atyabi, Mohammad Hossein Asadi-Lari and Sadegh Babashah

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:228

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  28. Content type: Protocol

    Despite the introduction of HPV vaccines, the incidence of HPV-related cancers (cervical, penile, anal, vulvar, vagina, head, and neck) in sub-Saharan Africa has been rising. The increasing incidence of these ...

    Authors: Bridget K. M. Lekoane, Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson and Themba G. Ginindza

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:229

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  29. Content type: Protocol

    Acutely ill patients are a heterogeneous group, and some of these suffer from organ failure. As the prognosis of organ failure improves with early treatment, it is important to identify these patients as early...

    Authors: Peter Bank Pedersen, Asbjorn Hrobjartsson, Daniel Lykke Nielsen, Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Mikkel Brabrand and Annmarie Touborg Lassen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:227

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  30. Content type: Protocol

    Despite advances in treatment, acute myocardial infarction (MI) is still associated with significant morbidity and mortality, especially in patients with extensive damage and scar formation. Based on some prom...

    Authors: Carly C. Barron, Manoj M. Lalu, Duncan J. Stewart, Dean Fergusson, Homer Yang, David Moher, Peter Liu, David Mazer, P. J. Devereaux and Lauralyn McIntyre

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:226

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  31. Content type: Protocol

    Previous systematic reviews have examined preterm infants’ long-term neurodevelopment after neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge, although none have explored the effectiveness of interventions on pret...

    Authors: Marilyn Aita, Robyn Stremler, Nancy Feeley, Andréane Lavallée and Gwenaëlle De Clifford-Faugère

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:225

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  32. Content type: Protocol

    Psychosocial factors play an important role in chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders. Although psychosocial stress is likely to contribute to the development of chronic musculoskeletal pain, investigations ar...

    Authors: Valentina Buscemi, Wei-Ju Chang, Matthew B. Liston, James H. McAuley and Siobhan Schabrun

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:224

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  33. Content type: Protocol

    The economic determinants of health have been widely recognised as crucial factors affecting health; however, to date, no comprehensive review has been undertaken to summarise these factors and the ways in whi...

    Authors: Yannish Naik, Peter Baker, Ian Walker, Taavi Tillmann, Kristin Bash, Darryl Quantz, Frances Hillier-Brown and Clare Bambra

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:222

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  34. Content type: Methodology

    The Contextualized Health Research Synthesis Program (CHRSP), developed in 2007 by the Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Applied Health Research, produces contextualized knowledge syntheses for health-syste...

    Authors: Stephen Bornstein, Rochelle Baker, Pablo Navarro, Sarah Mackey, David Speed and Melissa Sullivan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:218

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  35. Content type: Protocol

    Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) constitute an important tool for the promotion of evidence-based health, which may improve healthc...

    Authors: Caroline de Godoi Rezende Costa Molino, Eliane Ribeiro, Nicolina Silvana Romano-Lieber, Airton Tetelbom Stein and Daniela Oliveira de Melo

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:220

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  36. Content type: Protocol

    This systematic review is the first step in a study investigating the resilience methods and processes in families of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. In particular, this review will focus on chron...

    Authors: Sophia Saetes, Lisa Hynes, Brian E. McGuire and Line Caes

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:221

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  37. Content type: Protocol

    Stroke is a growing global epidemic limiting the ability of millions to function independently due to post-stroke deficits and complications. Although specialized stroke rehabilitation improves the recovery of...

    Authors: Michael Pugliese, Dylan Johnson, Dar Dowlatshahi and Tim Ramsay

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:219

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  38. Content type: Research

    Rapid and accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) is key to manage the disease and to control and prevent its transmission. Many established diagnostic methods suffer from low sensitivity or delay of timely re...

    Authors: Emmanuel O. Babafemi, Benny P. Cherian, Lee Banting, Graham A. Mills and Kandala Ngianga II

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:215

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  39. Content type: Protocol

    People with long-term serious mental illness live with severe and debilitating symptoms that can negatively influence their health and quality of life, leading to outcomes such as premature mortality, morbidit...

    Authors: Helen Quirk, Helen Crank, Deborah Harrop, Emma Hock and Robert Copeland

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:214

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  40. Content type: Protocol

    Obesity and dental caries are global public health problems which can impact in childhood and throughout the life course. In simple terms, childhood dental caries and body weight are linked via the common risk...

    Authors: Susan J. Carson, Lamis Abuhaloob, Derek Richards, Mark P. Hector and Ruth Freeman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:216

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  41. Content type: Protocol

    For many vital signs, monitoring methods require contact with the patient and/or are invasive in nature. There is increasing interest in developing still and video image-guided monitoring methods that are non-...

    Authors: Mirae Harford, Jacqueline Catherall, Stephen Gerry, Duncan Young and Peter Watkinson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:217

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  42. Content type: Research

    Information-seeking behaviour is necessary to improve knowledge on diabetes therapy and complications. Combined with other self-management skills and autonomous handling of the disease, it is essential for ach...

    Authors: Silke Kuske, Tim Schiereck, Sandra Grobosch, Andrea Paduch, Sigrid Droste, Sarah Halbach and Andrea Icks

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:212

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Systematic Reviews 2017 6:241

  43. Content type: Protocol

    The incorporation of Behavioral Change Techniques (BCTs) in eHealth interventions for the management of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), might be a promising approach ...

    Authors: Mihiretu Kebede, Lara Christianson, Zohaib Khan, Thomas L. Heise and Claudia R. Pischke

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:211

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