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  1. Content type: Protocol

    The benefits of trauma registries have been well described. The crucial data they provide may guide injury prevention strategies, inform resource allocation, and support advocacy and policy. This has been show...

    Authors: Tiffany Paradis, Etienne St-Louis, Tara Landry and Dan Poenaru

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:33

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  2. Content type: Research

    The annual prevalence of falls in people with dementia ranges from 47 to 90%. Falls are a common reason for hospital admission in people with dementia, and there is limited research evidence regarding the care...

    Authors: Shannon Robalino, Sarange B. Nyakang’o, Fiona R. Beyer, Chris Fox and Louise M. Allan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:31

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  3. Content type: Protocol

    Randomised control trials are regarded as the gold standard for evaluating the effectiveness and efficacy of healthcare interventions with thousands of trials published every year. Despite significant investme...

    Authors: Adel El Feky, Katie Gillies, Heidi Gardner, Cynthia Fraser and Shaun Treweek

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:30

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  4. Content type: Protocol

    Cholera is a highly infectious diarrheal disease spread via fecal contamination of water and food sources; it is endemic in parts of Africa and Asia and recent outbreaks have been reported in Haiti, the Zambia...

    Authors: Karin Diaconu, Jennifer Falconer, Fiona O’May, Miguel Jimenez, Joe Matragrano, Betty Njanpop-Lafourcade and Alastair Ager

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:29

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  5. Content type: Research

    The purpose of this study was to identify and analyse currently available knowledge on information needs of people with diabetes mellitus, also considering possible differences between subgroups and associated...

    Authors: Lisa Biernatzki, Silke Kuske, Jutta Genz, Michaela Ritschel, Astrid Stephan, Christina Bächle, Sigrid Droste, Sandra Grobosch, Nicole Ernstmann, Nadja Chernyak and Andrea Icks

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:27

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  6. Content type: Research

    While in its early years the HIV epidemic affected primarily the male and the young, nowadays, the population living with HIV/AIDS is approximately 24% women, and its age composition has shifted towards older ...

    Authors: Gaelen P. Adam, Mengyang Di, Susan Cu-Uvin, Christopher Halladay, Bryant T. Smith, Suchitra Iyer and Thomas A. Trikalinos

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:25

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  7. Content type: Research

    Many interventions have been developed to promote respect and social inclusion among older people, but the evidence on their impacts on health has not been synthesised. This systematic review aims to appraise ...

    Authors: S. Ronzi, L. Orton, D. Pope, N. K. Valtorta and N. G. Bruce

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:26

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  8. Content type: Protocol

    Cognitive impairment is characterized by problems in thinking, memory, language, and judgment that are greater than cognitive changes in normal aging. Considering the unprecedented growth of the older adult po...

    Authors: ASM Borhan, Patricia Hewston, Dafna Merom, Courtney Kennedy, George Ioannidis, Nancy Santesso, Pasqualina Santaguida, Lehana Thabane and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:24

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  9. Content type: Protocol

    Insulin standard treatment of T1DM cannot cure the patients as different chronic complications occurred subsequently. Investigations on a curative treatment in T1DM propose cell replacement or maintenance inst...

    Authors: Sedigheh Madani, Bagher Larijani, Abbas Ali Keshtkar and Ali Tootee

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:23

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  10. Content type: Research

    We conducted a systematic review to investigate avian influenza outbreaks and to explore their distribution, upon avian influenza subtype, country, avian species and other relating details as no comprehensive ...

    Authors: Ioanna P. Chatziprodromidou, Malamatenia Arvanitidou, Javier Guitian, Thomas Apostolou, George Vantarakis and Apostolos Vantarakis

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:17

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  11. Content type: Protocol

    Chronic disease of childhood may be delayed by early dietary intervention. The purpose of this systematic review is to provide decision-makers with a perspective on the role of early dietary intervention, as a...

    Authors: Pearl Pugh, Pippa Hemingway, Martin Christian and Gina Higginbottom

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:20

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  12. Content type: Protocol

    Most adults fail to meet global physical activity guidelines set out by the World Health Organization. In recent years, behavioural economic principles have been used to design novel interventions that increas...

    Authors: My-Linh Nguyen Luong, Kim L. Bennell, Michelle Hall, Anthony Harris and Rana S. Hinman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:21

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  13. Content type: Protocol

    Cervical cancer has become the most common cancer affecting women in Africa. Significantly, 85% of these annual deaths occur in the developing world, with the majority being middle-aged women. Research has sho...

    Authors: Witness Mapanga, Tsungai Chipato and Shingairai A. Feresu

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:22

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  14. Content type: Methodology

    The pragmatic–explanatory continuum indicator summary version 2 (PRECIS-2) tool has recently been developed to classify randomized clinical trials (RCTs) as pragmatic or explanatory based on their design chara...

    Authors: Tolulope T. Sajobi, Guowei Li, Oluwagbohunmi Awosoga, Meng Wang, Bijoy K. Menon, Michael D. Hill and Lehana Thabane

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:19

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  15. Content type: Protocol

    In North America, opioid use has become a public health crisis with policy makers declaring it a state of emergency. Opioid substitution therapy (OST) is a harm-reduction method used in treating opioid use dis...

    Authors: Nitika Sanger, Meha Bhatt, Laura Zielinski, Stephanie Sanger, Hamnah Shahid, Bianca Bantoto, M.Constantine Samaan, Russell de Souza and Zainab Samaan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:16

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  16. Content type: Letter

    This is a response to a Letter. Data abstraction is a time-consuming and error-prone systematic review task. Shokraneh and Adams categorize available techniques for tracking data during data abstraction into t...

    Authors: Jens Jap, Ian J. Saldanha, Bryant T. Smith, Joseph Lau and Tianjing Li

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:18

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    The original article was published in Systematic Reviews 2017 6:153

  17. Content type: Methodology

    A new tool to assess Risk of Bias In Non-randomised Studies of Interventions (ROBINS-I) was published in Autumn 2016. ROBINS-I uses the Cochrane-approved risk of bias (RoB) approach and focusses on internal va...

    Authors: Hilary Thomson, Peter Craig, Michele Hilton-Boon, Mhairi Campbell and Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:15

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  18. Content type: Research

    The third sector is becoming a more common provider of social and health services, but little is known about how third sector organisations (TSOs) evaluate their activities. Past research has reported that the...

    Authors: Anders Malthe Bach-Mortensen and Paul Montgomery

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:13

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  19. Content type: Protocol

    Alcohol and substance use results in significant human and economic cost globally and is associated with economic costs of £21 billion and £15billion within the UK, respectively, and trends for use are not imp...

    Authors: Tom P. Thompson, Adrian H. Taylor, Amanda Wanner, Kerryn Husk, Yinghui Wei, Siobhan Creanor, Rebecca Kandiyali, Jo Neale, Julia Sinclair, Mona Nasser and Gary Wallace

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:9

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  20. Content type: Protocol

    Evidence from the global burden of diseases show that psychiatric disorders are a growing public health concern. Maintaining adherence to medication is the most essential, but challenging course in the pharmac...

    Authors: Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, Gezahegn Tesfaye and Augustine Ankomah

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:10

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  21. Content type: Protocol

    Neoadjuvant (chemo-)radiation has proven to improve local control compared to surgery alone, but this improvement did not translate into better overall or disease-specific survival. The addition of oxaliplatin...

    Authors: Felix J. Hüttner, Pascal Probst, Eva Kalkum, Matthes Hackbusch, Katrin Jensen, Alexis Ulrich, Markus W. Büchler and Markus K. Diener

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:11

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  22. Content type: Protocol

    Intra-amniotic inflammation is associated with adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. However, the impact on child neurodevelopment remains unclear. We aim to assess the effect of intra-amniotic inflammation...

    Authors: Laurence Soucy-Giguère, Cédric Gasse, Yves Giguère, Suzanne Demers, Emmanuel Bujold and Amélie Boutin

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:12

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  23. Content type: Research

    Unabridged access to drug industry and regulatory trial registers and data reduces reporting bias in systematic reviews and may provide a complete index of a drug’s clinical study programme. Currently, there i...

    Authors: Lars Jørgensen, Peter C. Gøtzsche and Tom Jefferson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:8

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  24. Content type: Protocol

    Due to a number of methodological advantages and theoretical considerations, more and more studies in clinical psychology research employ the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) as a data collection technique. De...

    Authors: Hugo Vachon, Aki Rintala, Wolfgang Viechtbauer and Inez Myin-Germeys

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:7

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  25. Content type: Protocol

    Depression represents one of the most frequent neuro-psychiatric diseases; it seems to be more prevalent in people living with HIV compared to the general population. However, summarized data in the African se...

    Authors: Jean Joel Bigna, Lewis N. Um, Serra Lem Asangbeh, Aurelie T. Sibetcheu, Arnaud D. Kazé and Jobert Richie Nansseu

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:6

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  26. Content type: Protocol

    Quality indicators (QIs) are used in assessing the quality of healthcare. Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are relevant sources for generating QIs. In this context, QIs are important tools to...

    Authors: Monika Becker, Jessica Breuing, Monika Nothacker, Stefanie Deckert, Mirco Steudtner, Jochen Schmitt, Edmund Neugebauer and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:5

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  27. Content type: Research

    The correct perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy (APT) in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery (NCS) is often debated by clinicians. American College of Cardiology (ACC) and American Heart Assoc...

    Authors: Christopher P. Childers, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Jesus G. Ulloa, Ian T. MacQueen, Isomi M. Miake-Lye, Roberta Shanman, Selene Mak, Jessica M. Beroes and Paul G. Shekelle

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:4

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  28. Content type: Protocol

    Relapse in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) is a frequent occurrence and can add considerably to the burden of disease. As such, relapse prevention is an essential therapeutic outcome for people wi...

    Authors: Matthew J. Leach, Martin Jones, Dan Bressington, Fiona Nolan, Adrian Jones, Kuda Muyambi, Marianne Gillam and Richard Gray

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:2

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  29. Content type: Commentary

    The second meeting of the International Collaboration for Automation of Systematic Reviews (ICASR) was held 3–4 October 2016 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. ICASR is an interdisciplinary group whose aim is...

    Authors: Annette M. O’Connor, Guy Tsafnat, Stephen B. Gilbert, Kristina A. Thayer and Mary S. Wolfe

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:3

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  30. Content type: Research

    Improved walking is one of the highest priorities in people living with stroke. Post-stroke lower limb spasticity (PSLLS) impedes walking and quality of life (QOL). The understanding of the evidence of improve...

    Authors: Anupam Datta Gupta, Wing Hong Chu, Stuart Howell, Subhojit Chakraborty, Simon Koblar, Renuka Visvanathan, Ian Cameron and David Wilson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:1

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  31. Content type: Protocol

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a highly prevalent chronic disease, puts a large burden on individual health and health care systems. Computer simulation models, used to evaluate the clinical and economic eff...

    Authors: Katherine Ogurtsova, Thomas L. Heise, Ute Linnenkamp, Charalabos-Markos Dintsios, Stefan K. Lhachimi and Andrea Icks

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:267

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  32. Content type: Research

    Systematic review guidance recommends the use of programme theory to inform considerations of if and how healthcare interventions may work differently across socio-economic status (SES) groups. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Michelle Maden, Alex Cunliffe, Naoimh McMahon, Andrew Booth, Gina Michelle Carey, Suzy Paisley, Rumona Dickson and Mark Gabbay

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:266

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  33. Content type: Protocol

    Opioid addiction prevention has become an urgent public health priority, with several countries declaring a state of emergency due to rising death tolls from opioid abuse. Reducing the risk of developing addic...

    Authors: Amber Cragg, Jeffrey P. Hau, Stephanie A. Woo, Christine Liu, Mary M. Doyle-Waters and Corinne M. Hohl

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:265

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  34. Content type: Protocol

    Although many post-participation outcomes in different types of physical training (e.g., aerobic and strength) have been previously investigated for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, there is no rece...

    Authors: Isis Kelly dos Santos, Romilson de Lima Nunes, Gustavo Mafaldo Soares, Tecia Maria de Oliveira Maranhão and Paulo Moreira Silva Dantas

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:264

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  35. Content type: Methodology

    The PRISMA Statement is a reporting guideline designed to improve transparency of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses. Seven extensions to the PRISMA Statement have been published to address the reporti...

    Authors: Matthew J. Page and David Moher

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:263

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  36. Content type: Research

    Social relationships, which are contingent on access to social networks, promote engagement in social activities and provide access to social support. These social factors have been shown to positively impact ...

    Authors: Michelle E. Kelly, Hollie Duff, Sara Kelly, Joanna E. McHugh Power, Sabina Brennan, Brian A. Lawlor and David G. Loughrey

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:259

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  37. Content type: Research

    (Semi-)systematic approaches to finding, analysing, and synthesising ethics literature on medical topics are still in their infancy. However, our recent systematic review showed that the rate of publication of...

    Authors: Marcel Mertz, Daniel Strech and Hannes Kahrass

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:261

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  38. Content type: Protocol

    Effective and efficient transitions in care between emergency medical services (EMS) practitioners and emergency department (ED) nurses is vital as poor clinical transitions in care may place patients at incre...

    Authors: Gudrun Reay, Jill M. Norris, K. Alix Hayden, Joanna Abraham, Katherine Yokom, Lorelli Nowell, Gerald C. Lazarenko and Eddy S. Lang

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:260

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  39. Content type: Protocol

    Individuals with persistent low back pain commonly have a broad range of other health concerns including co-occurring musculoskeletal pain, which significantly affect their quality of life, symptom severity, a...

    Authors: Cecilie K. Overaas, Melker S. Johansson, Tarcisio F. de Campos, Manuela L. Ferreira, Bard Natvig, Paul J. Mork and Jan Hartvigsen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:258

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  40. Content type: Protocol

    One third of women will have an abortion in their lifetime (Kerr, QUT Law Rev 14:15, 2014; Aston and Bewley, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 11:163–8, 2009). These women are more likely to have experienced domest...

    Authors: Lydia Mainey, Annabel Taylor, Kathleen Baird and Catherine O’Mullan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:257

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  41. Content type: Protocol

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a recognized threat to global public health. Increasing AMR and a dry pipeline of novel antimicrobial drugs have put AMR in the international spotlight. One strategy to combat...

    Authors: Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Marc Mendelson, Monica Taljaard and Steven J. Hoffman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:256

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  42. Content type: Protocol

    Integrated reminders within clinical systems have become more prevalent due to the use of electronic health records and evidence demonstrating an increase in compliance within practice. Clinical reminders are ...

    Authors: Ruth Backman, Susan Bayliss, David Moore and Ian Litchfield

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:255

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  43. Content type: Protocol

    Violence during pregnancy is a global problem, associated with serious health risks for both the mother and baby. Evaluation of interventions targeted for reducing or controlling domestic violence (DV) is stil...

    Authors: Diksha Sapkota, Kathleen Baird, Amornrat Saito and Debra Anderson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:254

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  44. Content type: Protocol

    Neonatal systemic infections and their consequent impairments give rise to long-lasting health, economic and social effects on the neonate, the family and the nation. Considering the dearth of consolidated eco...

    Authors: Shruti Murthy, Denny John, Isadora Perpetual Godinho, Myron Anthony Godinho, Vasudeva Guddattu and N. Sreekumaran Nair

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:252

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  45. Content type: Protocol

    Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is an urgent problem globally, with overuse and misuse of antibiotics being one of the main drivers of antibiotic-resistant infections. There is increasing evidence that the burden ...

    Authors: Hannah Lishman, Paul Aylin, Vivian Alividza, Enrique Castro-Sanchez, Anuja Chatterjee, Victor Mariano, Alan P. Johnson, Samir Jeraj and Céire Costelloe

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:251

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