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  1. Content type: Research

    The third sector is becoming a more common provider of social and health services, but little is known about how third sector organisations (TSOs) evaluate their activities. Past research has reported that the...

    Authors: Anders Malthe Bach-Mortensen and Paul Montgomery

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:13

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  2. Content type: Protocol

    Alcohol and substance use results in significant human and economic cost globally and is associated with economic costs of £21 billion and £15billion within the UK, respectively, and trends for use are not imp...

    Authors: Tom P. Thompson, Adrian H. Taylor, Amanda Wanner, Kerryn Husk, Yinghui Wei, Siobhan Creanor, Rebecca Kandiyali, Jo Neale, Julia Sinclair, Mona Nasser and Gary Wallace

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:9

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  3. Content type: Protocol

    Evidence from the global burden of diseases show that psychiatric disorders are a growing public health concern. Maintaining adherence to medication is the most essential, but challenging course in the pharmac...

    Authors: Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, Gezahegn Tesfaye and Augustine Ankomah

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:10

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  4. Content type: Protocol

    Neoadjuvant (chemo-)radiation has proven to improve local control compared to surgery alone, but this improvement did not translate into better overall or disease-specific survival. The addition of oxaliplatin...

    Authors: Felix J. Hüttner, Pascal Probst, Eva Kalkum, Matthes Hackbusch, Katrin Jensen, Alexis Ulrich, Markus W. Büchler and Markus K. Diener

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:11

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  5. Content type: Protocol

    Intra-amniotic inflammation is associated with adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. However, the impact on child neurodevelopment remains unclear. We aim to assess the effect of intra-amniotic inflammation...

    Authors: Laurence Soucy-Giguère, Cédric Gasse, Yves Giguère, Suzanne Demers, Emmanuel Bujold and Amélie Boutin

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:12

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  6. Content type: Research

    Unabridged access to drug industry and regulatory trial registers and data reduces reporting bias in systematic reviews and may provide a complete index of a drug’s clinical study programme. Currently, there i...

    Authors: Lars Jørgensen, Peter C. Gøtzsche and Tom Jefferson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:8

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  7. Content type: Protocol

    Due to a number of methodological advantages and theoretical considerations, more and more studies in clinical psychology research employ the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) as a data collection technique. De...

    Authors: Hugo Vachon, Aki Rintala, Wolfgang Viechtbauer and Inez Myin-Germeys

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:7

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  8. Content type: Protocol

    Depression represents one of the most frequent neuro-psychiatric diseases; it seems to be more prevalent in people living with HIV compared to the general population. However, summarized data in the African se...

    Authors: Jean Joel Bigna, Lewis N. Um, Serra Lem Asangbeh, Aurelie T. Sibetcheu, Arnaud D. Kazé and Jobert Richie Nansseu

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:6

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  9. Content type: Protocol

    Quality indicators (QIs) are used in assessing the quality of healthcare. Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are relevant sources for generating QIs. In this context, QIs are important tools to...

    Authors: Monika Becker, Jessica Breuing, Monika Nothacker, Stefanie Deckert, Mirco Steudtner, Jochen Schmitt, Edmund Neugebauer and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:5

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  10. Content type: Research

    The correct perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy (APT) in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery (NCS) is often debated by clinicians. American College of Cardiology (ACC) and American Heart Assoc...

    Authors: Christopher P. Childers, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Jesus G. Ulloa, Ian T. MacQueen, Isomi M. Miake-Lye, Roberta Shanman, Selene Mak, Jessica M. Beroes and Paul G. Shekelle

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:4

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  11. Content type: Protocol

    Relapse in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) is a frequent occurrence and can add considerably to the burden of disease. As such, relapse prevention is an essential therapeutic outcome for people wi...

    Authors: Matthew J. Leach, Martin Jones, Dan Bressington, Fiona Nolan, Adrian Jones, Kuda Muyambi, Marianne Gillam and Richard Gray

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:2

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  12. Content type: Commentary

    The second meeting of the International Collaboration for Automation of Systematic Reviews (ICASR) was held 3–4 October 2016 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. ICASR is an interdisciplinary group whose aim is...

    Authors: Annette M. O’Connor, Guy Tsafnat, Stephen B. Gilbert, Kristina A. Thayer and Mary S. Wolfe

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:3

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  13. Content type: Research

    Improved walking is one of the highest priorities in people living with stroke. Post-stroke lower limb spasticity (PSLLS) impedes walking and quality of life (QOL). The understanding of the evidence of improve...

    Authors: Anupam Datta Gupta, Wing Hong Chu, Stuart Howell, Subhojit Chakraborty, Simon Koblar, Renuka Visvanathan, Ian Cameron and David Wilson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:1

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  14. Content type: Protocol

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a highly prevalent chronic disease, puts a large burden on individual health and health care systems. Computer simulation models, used to evaluate the clinical and economic eff...

    Authors: Katherine Ogurtsova, Thomas L. Heise, Ute Linnenkamp, Charalabos-Markos Dintsios, Stefan K. Lhachimi and Andrea Icks

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:267

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  15. Content type: Research

    Systematic review guidance recommends the use of programme theory to inform considerations of if and how healthcare interventions may work differently across socio-economic status (SES) groups. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Michelle Maden, Alex Cunliffe, Naoimh McMahon, Andrew Booth, Gina Michelle Carey, Suzy Paisley, Rumona Dickson and Mark Gabbay

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:266

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  16. Content type: Protocol

    Opioid addiction prevention has become an urgent public health priority, with several countries declaring a state of emergency due to rising death tolls from opioid abuse. Reducing the risk of developing addic...

    Authors: Amber Cragg, Jeffrey P. Hau, Stephanie A. Woo, Christine Liu, Mary M. Doyle-Waters and Corinne M. Hohl

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:265

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  17. Content type: Protocol

    Although many post-participation outcomes in different types of physical training (e.g., aerobic and strength) have been previously investigated for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, there is no rece...

    Authors: Isis Kelly dos Santos, Romilson de Lima Nunes, Gustavo Mafaldo Soares, Tecia Maria de Oliveira Maranhão and Paulo Moreira Silva Dantas

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:264

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  18. Content type: Methodology

    The PRISMA Statement is a reporting guideline designed to improve transparency of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses. Seven extensions to the PRISMA Statement have been published to address the reporti...

    Authors: Matthew J. Page and David Moher

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:263

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  19. Content type: Research

    Social relationships, which are contingent on access to social networks, promote engagement in social activities and provide access to social support. These social factors have been shown to positively impact ...

    Authors: Michelle E. Kelly, Hollie Duff, Sara Kelly, Joanna E. McHugh Power, Sabina Brennan, Brian A. Lawlor and David G. Loughrey

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:259

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  20. Content type: Research

    (Semi-)systematic approaches to finding, analysing, and synthesising ethics literature on medical topics are still in their infancy. However, our recent systematic review showed that the rate of publication of...

    Authors: Marcel Mertz, Daniel Strech and Hannes Kahrass

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:261

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  21. Content type: Protocol

    Effective and efficient transitions in care between emergency medical services (EMS) practitioners and emergency department (ED) nurses is vital as poor clinical transitions in care may place patients at incre...

    Authors: Gudrun Reay, Jill M. Norris, K. Alix Hayden, Joanna Abraham, Katherine Yokom, Lorelli Nowell, Gerald C. Lazarenko and Eddy S. Lang

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:260

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  22. Content type: Protocol

    Individuals with persistent low back pain commonly have a broad range of other health concerns including co-occurring musculoskeletal pain, which significantly affect their quality of life, symptom severity, a...

    Authors: Cecilie K. Overaas, Melker S. Johansson, Tarcisio F. de Campos, Manuela L. Ferreira, Bard Natvig, Paul J. Mork and Jan Hartvigsen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:258

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  23. Content type: Protocol

    One third of women will have an abortion in their lifetime (Kerr, QUT Law Rev 14:15, 2014; Aston and Bewley, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 11:163–8, 2009). These women are more likely to have experienced domest...

    Authors: Lydia Mainey, Annabel Taylor, Kathleen Baird and Catherine O’Mullan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:257

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  24. Content type: Protocol

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a recognized threat to global public health. Increasing AMR and a dry pipeline of novel antimicrobial drugs have put AMR in the international spotlight. One strategy to combat...

    Authors: Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Marc Mendelson, Monica Taljaard and Steven J. Hoffman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:256

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  25. Content type: Protocol

    Integrated reminders within clinical systems have become more prevalent due to the use of electronic health records and evidence demonstrating an increase in compliance within practice. Clinical reminders are ...

    Authors: Ruth Backman, Susan Bayliss, David Moore and Ian Litchfield

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:255

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  26. Content type: Protocol

    Violence during pregnancy is a global problem, associated with serious health risks for both the mother and baby. Evaluation of interventions targeted for reducing or controlling domestic violence (DV) is stil...

    Authors: Diksha Sapkota, Kathleen Baird, Amornrat Saito and Debra Anderson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:254

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  27. Content type: Protocol

    Neonatal systemic infections and their consequent impairments give rise to long-lasting health, economic and social effects on the neonate, the family and the nation. Considering the dearth of consolidated eco...

    Authors: Shruti Murthy, Denny John, Isadora Perpetual Godinho, Myron Anthony Godinho, Vasudeva Guddattu and N. Sreekumaran Nair

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:252

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  28. Content type: Protocol

    Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is an urgent problem globally, with overuse and misuse of antibiotics being one of the main drivers of antibiotic-resistant infections. There is increasing evidence that the burden ...

    Authors: Hannah Lishman, Paul Aylin, Vivian Alividza, Enrique Castro-Sanchez, Anuja Chatterjee, Victor Mariano, Alan P. Johnson, Samir Jeraj and Céire Costelloe

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:251

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  29. Content type: Research

    Treatment intensity scores can predict mortality and estimate resource use. They may therefore be of interest for essential neonatal care in low resource settings where neonatal mortality remains high. We soug...

    Authors: Jalemba Aluvaala, Gary S. Collins, Michuki Maina, James A. Berkley and Mike English

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:248

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  30. Content type: Research

    Abnormal placental cord insertion (PCI) includes marginal cord insertion (MCI) and velamentous cord insertion (VCI). VCI has been shown to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. This systematic review ...

    Authors: Khadijah Irfah Ismail, Ailish Hannigan, Keelin O’Donoghue and Amanda Cotter

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:242

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  31. Content type: Research

    Within systematic reviews, when searching for relevant references, it is advisable to use multiple databases. However, searching databases is laborious and time-consuming, as syntax of search strategies are da...

    Authors: Wichor M. Bramer, Melissa L. Rethlefsen, Jos Kleijnen and Oscar H. Franco

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:245

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  32. Content type: Protocol

    Recent advances in cancer therapeutics have resulted in significantly improved overall survival and progression-free survival for patients. Targeted oral systemic anticancer therapies (SACT) offer a range of t...

    Authors: Faouzi Djebbari, Nicola Stoner and Verna Lavender

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:244

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  33. Content type: Protocol

    Several studies have reported on factors influencing adolescent pregnancies and the associated outcomes, but evidence from a systematic review is limited, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where the greater bur...

    Authors: Carlson-Babila Sama, Stewart Ndutard Ngasa, Bonaventure Suiru Dzekem and Simeon-Pierre Choukem

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:247

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  34. Content type: Protocol

    Six key behavioural risk factors (risky alcohol use, smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and unhealthy sleep patterns) have been identified as strong determinants of chronic disease, s...

    Authors: Katrina E. Champion, Nicola C. Newton, Bonnie Spring, Q. Eileen Wafford, Belinda J. Parmenter and Maree Teesson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:246

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  35. Content type: Protocol

    Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening condition common after major surgery. Although the high incidence (0.3–30%) and mortality rate (16.9–31%) of PE in patients undergoing major surgical procedures is...

    Authors: Mazou N. Temgoua, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Celestin Danwang, Francky Teddy A. Endomba and Njinkeng J. Nkemngu

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:240

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  36. Content type: Protocol

    The indications for and the number of tracheostomy procedures has increased with advances in critical care. Studies are indicating likely continued increase in number of tracheostomies. Despite the important b...

    Authors: John Kutsukutsa, Tivani Phosa Mashamba-Thompson and Yougan Saman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:239

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  37. Content type: Correction

    During the production process for this article [1] some errors were introduced into Table 2. The correct version of Table 2 can be found below; the original article [1] has also been updated with the correct v...

    Authors: Silke Kuske, Tim Schiereck, Sandra Grobosch, Andrea Paduch, Sigrid Droste, Sarah Halbach and Andrea Icks

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:241

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    The original article was published in Systematic Reviews 2017 6:212

  38. Content type: Protocol

    The number of systematic reviews of economic evaluations is steadily increasing. This is probably related to the continuing pressure on health budgets worldwide which makes an efficient resource allocation inc...

    Authors: Miriam Luhnen, Barbara Prediger, Edmund A. M. Neugebauer and Tim Mathes

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:238

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  39. Content type: Research

    Immunosuppressive drugs have to be taken through the whole duration of kidney transplant survival to avoid rejection. Low adherence can increase the risk of allograft rejection.

    Authors: Tim Mathes, Kirsten Großpietsch, Edmund A. M. Neugebauer and Dawid Pieper

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:236

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  40. Content type: Research

    The purpose and contribution of supplementary search methods in systematic reviews is increasingly acknowledged. Numerous studies have demonstrated their potential in identifying studies or study data that wou...

    Authors: Chris Cooper, Andrew Booth, Nicky Britten and Ruth Garside

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:234

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  41. Content type: Protocol

    Preterm birth is the most common cause of death and harm to newborn babies. Babies that are born early may have difficulties at birth and experience health problems during early childhood. Despite extensive st...

    Authors: Lesley A. Stewart, Mark Simmonds, Lelia Duley, Kristina Charlotte Dietz, Melissa Harden, Alex Hodkinson, Alexis Llewellyn, Sahar Sharif, Ruth Walker and Kath Wright

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:235

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  42. Content type: Research

    Citation screening for scoping searches and rapid review is time-consuming and inefficient, often requiring days or sometimes months to complete. We examined the reliability of PICo-based title-only screening ...

    Authors: John Rathbone, Loai Albarqouni, Mina Bakhit, Elaine Beller, Oyungerel Byambasuren, Tammy Hoffmann, Anna Mae Scott and Paul Glasziou

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:233

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  43. Content type: Protocol

    Mastectomy in the context of breast malignancy can have a profoundly negative impact on a woman’s self-image, impairing personal, sexual and social relationships. The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP)...

    Authors: Ankur Khajuria, Oliver J. Smith, Maxim Prokopenko, Maximillian Greenfield and Afshin Mosahebi

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:232

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  44. Content type: Research

    Partial foot amputation (PFA) is a common consequence of advanced peripheral vascular disease. Given the different ways incidence rate and prevalence data have been measured and reported, it is difficult to sy...

    Authors: Michael P Dillon, Matthew Quigley and Stefania Fatone

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:230

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