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  1. Research

    Systematic review adherence to methodological or reporting quality

    Guidelines for assessing methodological and reporting quality of systematic reviews (SRs) were developed to contribute to implementing evidence-based health care and the reduction of research waste. As SRs ass...

    Kusala Pussegoda, Lucy Turner, Chantelle Garritty, Alain Mayhew, Becky Skidmore, Adrienne Stevens, Isabelle Boutron, Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, Lise M. Bjerre, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson, Douglas G. Altman and David Moher

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:131

    Published on: 19 July 2017

  2. Protocol

    The utility of mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX) in undergraduate and postgraduate medical education: protocol for a systematic review

    One of the most frequently used assessment tools that measure the trainees’ performance in workplace is the mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX), in which an expert observes and rates the actual perfor...

    Sara Mortaz Hejri, Mohammad Jalili, Mandana Shirazi, Rasoul Masoomi, Saharnaz Nedjat and John Norcini

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:146

    Published on: 18 July 2017

  3. Research

    Psychosocial interventions for managing occupational stress and burnout among medical doctors: a systematic review

    Occupational stress and burnout are highly prevalent among medical doctors and can have adverse effects on patient, doctor, and organisational outcomes. The purpose of the current study was to review and evalu...

    Bonnie A. Clough, Sonja March, Raymond J. Chan, Leanne M. Casey, Rachel Phillips and Michael J. Ireland

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:144

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  4. Methodology

    Continuous surveillance of a pregnancy clinical guideline: an early experience

    To date there is no consensus about the optimal strategy for keeping clinical guidelines (CGs) up-to-date. The aims of this study were (1) to develop a continuous surveillance and updating strategy for CGs and...

    Laura Martínez García, Hector Pardo-Hernández, Andrea Juliana Sanabria and Pablo Alonso-Coello

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:143

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  5. Protocol

    Influence of genetic variants on toxicity to anti-tubercular agents: a systematic review and meta-analysis (protocol)

    Tuberculosis patients receiving anti-tuberculosis treatment may experience serious adverse drug reactions, such as hepatotoxicity. Genetic risk factors, such as polymorphisms of the NAT2, CYP2E1 and GSTM1 genes, ...

    Marty Richardson, Jamie Kirkham, Kerry Dwan, Derek Sloan, Geraint Davies and Andrea Jorgensen

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:142

    Published on: 13 July 2017

  6. Protocol

    Criteria and models for the distribution of casualties in trauma-related mass casualty incidents: a systematic literature review protocol

    One of the most critical practices in mass casualty incident management is vacating the victims from scene of the incident and transporting them to proper healthcare facilities. Decision on distribution of cas...

    Ali Ardalan, Mohammad Reza Khajehaminian, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini Boroujeni, Amir Nejati, Abbasali Keshtkar, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani and Omid Mahdi Ebadati E.

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:141

    Published on: 12 July 2017

  7. Protocol

    Anorexia nervosa and cancer: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

    Anorexia nervosa is characterized by a severe restriction of caloric intake, low body weight, fear of gaining weight or of becoming fat, and disturbance of body image. Pathogenesis of the disorder may include ...

    Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Jane A. Driver, Manuel Ridao, José M. Valderas, Ricard Gènova-Maleras, Jaume Forés-Martos, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Eduard Vieta, Alfonso Valencia and Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:137

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  8. Protocol

    Delay discounting differences in brain activation, connectivity, and structure in individuals with addiction: a systematic review protocol

    Delayed reward discounting (DRD), the degree to which future rewards are discounted relative to immediate rewards, is used as an index of impulsive decision-making and has been associated with a number of prob...

    Max M. Owens, Michael T. Amlung, Steven R. H. Beach, Lawrence H. Sweet and James MacKillop

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:138

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  9. Protocol

    Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on proinflammatory cytokines: protocol for systematic review

    Pain reduction can be achieved by lowering proinflammatory cytokine levels in the blood. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a non-invasive physiotherapeutic resource for pain management, but...

    Tábata Cristina do Carmo Almeida, Francisco Winter dos Santos Figueiredo, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca and Fernando Adami

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:139

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  10. Research

    Evidence for a comprehensive approach to Aboriginal tobacco control to maintain the decline in smoking: an overview of reviews among Indigenous peoples

    Tobacco smoking is a leading cause of disease and premature mortality among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians. While the daily smoking prevalence among Indigenous Australians has d...

    Catherine Chamberlain, Susan Perlen, Sue Brennan, Lucie Rychetnik, David Thomas, Raglan Maddox, Noore Alam, Emily Banks, Andrew Wilson and Sandra Eades

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:135

    Published on: 10 July 2017

  11. Protocol

    The effect and safety of postmenopausal hormone therapy and selective estrogen receptor modulators on kidney outcomes in women: a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis

    The prevalence of menopause in women with or at risk of chronic kidney disease is increasing globally. Although international guidelines on menopause recommend the use of postmenopausal hormone therapy with or...

    Sandra M. Dumanski, Sharanya Ramesh, Matthew T. James, Amy Metcalfe, Kara Nerenberg, Ellen W. Seely, Helen Lee Robertson and Sofia B. Ahmed

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:134

    Published on: 7 July 2017

  12. Protocol

    Protocol for a systematic review of N-of-1 trial protocol guidelines and protocol reporting guidelines

    N-of-1 trials are multiple cross-over trials done in individual participants, generating individual treatment effect information. While reporting guidelines for the CONSORT Extension for N-of-1 trials (CENT) a...

    Antony J. Porcino, Salima Punja, An-Wen Chan, Richard Kravitz, Aaron Orkin, Philippe Ravaud, Christopher H. Schmid and Sunita Vohra

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:132

    Published on: 6 July 2017

  13. Protocol

    Management of frailty: a protocol of a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

    Frailty is a common syndrome affecting 5–17% of community-dwelling older adults. Various interventions are used to prevent or treat frailty. Given the diversity of singular and multi-faceted frailty interventi...

    Ahmed M. Negm, Courtney C. Kennedy, Lehana Thabane, Areti-Angeliki Veroniki, Jonathan D. Adachi, Julie Richardson, Ian D. Cameron, Aidan Giangregorio and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:130

    Published on: 5 July 2017

  14. Research

    Telephone consultations for general practice: a systematic review

    The use of information technology, including internet- and telephone-based resources, is becoming an alternative and supporting method of providing many forms of services in a healthcare and health management ...

    Martin J Downes, Merehau C Mervin, Joshua M Byrnes and Paul A Scuffham

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:128

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  15. Protocol

    Developing a framework for a novel multi-disciplinary, multi-agency intervention(s), to improve medication management in community-dwelling older people on complex medication regimens (MEMORABLE)––a realist synthesis

    Medication-related adverse events have been estimated to be responsible for 5700 deaths and cost the UK £750 million annually. This burden falls disproportionately on older people. Outcomes from interventions ...

    Ian Maidment, Andrew Booth, Judy Mullan, Jane McKeown, Sylvia Bailey and Geoffrey Wong

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:125

    Published on: 3 July 2017

  16. Research

    The effects of chronic and acute physical activity on working memory performance in healthy participants: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

    Understanding how physical activity (PA) influences cognitive function in populations with cognitive impairments, such as dementia, is an increasingly studied topic yielding numerous published systematic revie...

    Azeem Rathore and Barbara Lom

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:124

    Published on: 30 June 2017

  17. Protocol

    The association between child and adolescent emotional disorder and poor attendance at school: a systematic review protocol

    Anxiety and depression are common in young people and are associated with a range of adverse outcomes. Research has suggested a relationship between emotional disorder and poor school attendance, and thus poor...

    Katie Finning, Darren Moore, Obioha C. Ukoumunne, Emilia Danielsson-Waters and Tamsin Ford

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:121

    Published on: 28 June 2017

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