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Systematic Reviews


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  1. Content type: Protocol

    There has been little focus in the literature on how to build genetic testing and counseling services in low- and middle-income countries in a responsible, ethical, and culturally appropriate manner. It is unc...

    Authors: Adrina Zhong, Benedict Darren and Helen Dimaras

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:140

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  2. Content type: Protocol

    Pain reduction can be achieved by lowering proinflammatory cytokine levels in the blood. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a non-invasive physiotherapeutic resource for pain management, but...

    Authors: Tábata Cristina do Carmo Almeida, Francisco Winter dos Santos Figueiredo, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca and Fernando Adami

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:139

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  3. Content type: Protocol

    Delayed reward discounting (DRD), the degree to which future rewards are discounted relative to immediate rewards, is used as an index of impulsive decision-making and has been associated with a number of prob...

    Authors: Max M. Owens, Michael T. Amlung, Steven R. H. Beach, Lawrence H. Sweet and James MacKillop

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:138

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  4. Content type: Protocol

    Anorexia nervosa is characterized by a severe restriction of caloric intake, low body weight, fear of gaining weight or of becoming fat, and disturbance of body image. Pathogenesis of the disorder may include ...

    Authors: Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Jane A. Driver, Manuel Ridao, José M. Valderas, Ricard Gènova-Maleras, Jaume Forés-Martos, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Eduard Vieta, Alfonso Valencia and Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:137

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  5. Content type: Research

    Tobacco smoking is a leading cause of disease and premature mortality among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians. While the daily smoking prevalence among Indigenous Australians has d...

    Authors: Catherine Chamberlain, Susan Perlen, Sue Brennan, Lucie Rychetnik, David Thomas, Raglan Maddox, Noore Alam, Emily Banks, Andrew Wilson and Sandra Eades

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:135

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  6. Content type: Protocol

    The prevalence of menopause in women with or at risk of chronic kidney disease is increasing globally. Although international guidelines on menopause recommend the use of postmenopausal hormone therapy with or...

    Authors: Sandra M. Dumanski, Sharanya Ramesh, Matthew T. James, Amy Metcalfe, Kara Nerenberg, Ellen W. Seely, Helen Lee Robertson and Sofia B. Ahmed

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:134

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  7. Content type: Protocol

    N-of-1 trials are multiple cross-over trials done in individual participants, generating individual treatment effect information. While reporting guidelines for the CONSORT Extension for N-of-1 trials (CENT) a...

    Authors: Antony J. Porcino, Salima Punja, An-Wen Chan, Richard Kravitz, Aaron Orkin, Philippe Ravaud, Christopher H. Schmid and Sunita Vohra

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:132

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  8. Content type: Protocol

    Predicting outcomes in those with chronic kidney disease or following transplantation is challenging, and current models lack detailed patient-level information. Frailty and poor functional status are risk fac...

    Authors: Kendra E. Brett, Alexandria Bennett, Lindsay J. Ritchie and Greg A. Knoll

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:133

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  9. Content type: Protocol

    Frailty is a common syndrome affecting 5–17% of community-dwelling older adults. Various interventions are used to prevent or treat frailty. Given the diversity of singular and multi-faceted frailty interventi...

    Authors: Ahmed M. Negm, Courtney C. Kennedy, Lehana Thabane, Areti-Angeliki Veroniki, Jonathan D. Adachi, Julie Richardson, Ian D. Cameron, Aidan Giangregorio and Alexandra Papaioannou

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:130

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  10. Content type: Protocol

    Body size, nutrition and socioeconomic position (SEP) in early life have been associated with a range of later life health outcomes. Epigenetic regulation is one mechanism through which these early life factor...

    Authors: Jane Maddock, Wahyu Wulaningsih and Rebecca Hardy

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:129

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  11. Content type: Research

    Despite the growing interest in assessing the quality of care for depression, there is little evidence to support measurement of the quality of primary care for depression. This study identified evidence-based...

    Authors: Yelena Petrosyan, Yeva Sahakyan, Jan M. Barnsley, Kerry Kuluski, Barbara Liu and Walter P. Wodchis

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:126

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  12. Content type: Protocol

    Medication-related adverse events have been estimated to be responsible for 5700 deaths and cost the UK £750 million annually. This burden falls disproportionately on older people. Outcomes from interventions ...

    Authors: Ian Maidment, Andrew Booth, Judy Mullan, Jane McKeown, Sylvia Bailey and Geoffrey Wong

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:125

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  13. Content type: Protocol

    This is a protocol for a systematic review of the impact of health coaching on changing the health behaviour of offenders. Prisoners are more likely to suffer from health-related issues when compared to the ge...

    Authors: Nadja Almondes, Denise Downie, Ayse B. Cinar, Derek Richards and Ruth Freeman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:127

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  14. Content type: Research

    The use of information technology, including internet- and telephone-based resources, is becoming an alternative and supporting method of providing many forms of services in a healthcare and health management ...

    Authors: Martin J Downes, Merehau C Mervin, Joshua M Byrnes and Paul A Scuffham

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:128

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  15. Content type: Research

    Understanding how physical activity (PA) influences cognitive function in populations with cognitive impairments, such as dementia, is an increasingly studied topic yielding numerous published systematic revie...

    Authors: Azeem Rathore and Barbara Lom

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:124

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  16. Content type: Protocol

    Multiple reviews demonstrated high variability in effectiveness and cost-effectiveness outcomes among studies on breast cancer screening (BCS) programmes. No study to our knowledge has summarized the current e...

    Authors: O. Mandrik, O. I. Ekwunife, N. Zielonke, F. Meheus, J. L. Severens, S. K. Lhachimi and R. Murillo

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:122

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  17. Content type: Protocol

    Anxiety and depression are common in young people and are associated with a range of adverse outcomes. Research has suggested a relationship between emotional disorder and poor school attendance, and thus poor...

    Authors: Katie Finning, Darren Moore, Obioha C. Ukoumunne, Emilia Danielsson-Waters and Tamsin Ford

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:121

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  18. Content type: Protocol

    Cellular-based therapies represent a platform technology within the rapidly expanding field of regenerative medicine and are distinct from conventional therapeutics—offering a unique approach to managing what ...

    Authors: David Pettitt, Zeeshaan Arshad, Benjamin Davies, James Smith, Anna French, Doug Cole, Kim Bure, Sue Dopson, David DiGiusto, Jeff Karp, Brock Reeve, Richard Barker, Georg Holländer and David Brindley

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:120

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  19. Content type: Protocol

    Stress ulcer prophylaxis is considered standard of care in many critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, the quality of evidence supporting this has recently been questioned, and clin...

    Authors: Søren Marker, Anders Perner, Jørn Wetterslev, Marija Barbateskovic, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Mette Krag, Anders Granholm, Carl Thomas Anthon and Morten Hylander Møller

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:118

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  20. Content type: Protocol

    Network meta-analysis, a method to synthesise evidence from multiple treatments, has increased in popularity in the past decade. Two broad approaches are available to synthesise data across networks, namely, a...

    Authors: Amalia (Emily) Karahalios, Georgia Salanti, Simon L. Turner, G. Peter Herbison, Ian R. White, Areti Angeliki Veroniki, Adriani Nikolakopoulou and Joanne E. Mckenzie

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:119

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  21. Content type: Research

    The methodological quality and completeness of reporting of the systematic reviews (SRs) is fundamental to optimal implementation of evidence-based health care and the reduction of research waste. Methods exis...

    Authors: Kusala Pussegoda, Lucy Turner, Chantelle Garritty, Alain Mayhew, Becky Skidmore, Adrienne Stevens, Isabelle Boutron, Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, Lise M. Bjerre, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson, Douglas G. Altman and David Moher

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:117

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  22. Content type: Protocol

    Preliminary evidence suggests statins may reduce major perioperative vascular events. However, evidence is limited to observational studies, underpowered trials, and non-comprehensive systematic reviews. This ...

    Authors: Erica Aranha Suzumura, Rodrigo Antonini Ribeiro, Leticia Kawano-Dourado, Pedro Gabriel de Barros e Silva, Claudia Oliveira, Mabel Fernandes Figueiró, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Renato D. Lopes and Otavio Berwanger

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:116

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