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Table 5 Characteristics of cohort studies of exposures to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM)

From: Association between occupational exposures and sarcoma incidence and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis

Author/year Country Years of employment Years of follow-up Study cohort Reference cohort
Smulevich et al., 1988 [55] Former Soviet Union 1939–1977 1939–1977 3232 workers (2195 men, 1037 women) with > 1-month employment of the vinyl chloride (VC) and polyvinyl chloride (PV) chemical plant General population of the city where the plant was located
Ward et al., 2001 [56] Italy, Norway, Sweden, UK 1940–1989 1955–1997 12,706 workers from 19 plants of VC, VCM and PVC production, with ≥ 1 year employment Age and calendar period specific national incidence or mortality rates from the World Health Organization
Wong et al., 2002 [57] Taiwan 1950–1992 1985–1997 3293 workers from 6 polyvinyl chloride polymerization factories employed ≥ 1 General Taiwanese male population
Mundt et al., 2017 [58] US and Canada 1942–1972 1942–2013 9951 VC or PVC resin manufacture workers at 35 factories in the US and Canada employed for ≥ 1 year General population
Fedeli et al., 2019 [59] Italy 1956–1985 1973–2017 1658 workers employed in a VCM production and
polymerization facility in Porto Marghera (northeastern Italy)
1658 workers employed in a VCM production and
polymerization facility in Porto Marghera (northeastern Italy)
1658 male workers employed in VCM production and polymerization facility
General population