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Table 2 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for determining eligible studies

From: Prescription drug diversion, misuse, and abuse among people living with HIV: a scoping review protocol

 Inclusion criteriaExclusion criteria
LanguageEnglishNone English language studies
PopulationPeople living with HIV (PLWH)Studies which do not focus on PLWH or do not include PLWH
PeriodStudies published from 1 January 1996 to 30 June 2019Studies published before January 1996
Type of studiesPrimary and secondary studiesReview articles (including systematic review and meta-analysis)
However, reference list from review articles will be searched for further eligible studies
Studies designsQuantitative
Qualitative
Mixed methods
Randomized controlled trial
Cohort study (prospective observational study)
Case-control study
Cross-sectional study
Case reports and series
Ideas, editorials, opinions
Crossover design
Animal research studies
Test-tube lab research
Study focusStudies that report on either of the following:
• Prescription drug diversion
• Prescription drug misuse
• Prescription drug abuse
• Recreational/non-medical use/misuse/abuse/illicit/selling/trading/sharing/giving away/stealing/losing, and doctor shopping of prescribed drugs
• Prevalence of prescription drug diversion, misuse or abuse
• Practices of prescription drug diversion, misuse or abuse
• Motives (other terms such as reasons, cause, purpose, intention, motivation, drive, and aim maybe used) of prescription drug diversion, misuse, or abuse
• Risk factors of prescription drug diversion, misuse, or abuse
• ART adherence
Studies that do not focus or report on the following:
• Prescription drug diversion, misuse or abuse
• Prevalence, practices, motives, risk factors and ART adherence associated with prescription drug diversion, misuse or abuse
Drug classesStudies that report on diversion, misuse, and abuse of the below drug classes:
• Sedatives—including barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and sleep medications
• Analgesics—including opioids heroin, morphine, hydromorphone, meperidine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, oxycodone, buprenorphine, methadone, fentanyl, and codeine
• Stimulants—including cocaine, methamphetamine, amphetamine, and methylphenidate
• Z-drugs (nonbenzodiazepines)—including imdazopyridines, cycloprrolones, pyrazolopyridines, and sleep medication
• Anesthetic drugs
• Antiretroviral drugs
• Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication
• Cannabinoids
Studies that report on diversion, misuse, and abuse of the below drug classes will be excluded:
• Ecstasy drug—since it has no accepted medical indication