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Table 1 Definitions

From: The scope and nature of sexual orientation and gender identity and expression change efforts: a systematic review protocol

Sexual orientation “a person’s capacity for profound emotional, affectional, and sexual attraction to, and intimate and sexual relations with, individuals of the same gender, of a different gender, or of more than one gender” [11]
Gender identity “a person’s deeply felt internal and individual experience of gender including the personal sense of the body. Gender identity may be completely male or female or may lie outside the male/female binary” [11]
Gender expression “a person’s desired external appearance as it relates to social expectations and norms of femininity and masculinity” [11]
Conversion therapy “any treatment, practice, or sustained effort that aims to repress, discourage, or change a person’s sexual orientation, gender identity, gender modality, gender expression, or any behaviours associated with a gender other than the person’s sex assigned at birth or that aims to alter an intersex trait without adequate justification” [11]
Sexual orientation and gender identity change efforts SOGIECE are related to conversion therapy in that both sets of practices aim to repress, discourage, or change one’s gender identity, gender expression, and/or sexual orientation; however, SOGIECE additionally include less well defined and advertised practices, which in some cases may not be sustained (e.g., single sessions/conversations) [2, 22, 23]