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Table 2 Review summaries

From: Interventions for the prevention and management of occupational stress injury in first responders: a rapid overview of reviews

Review author (year) Review country Review objective(s) Total no. of studies included in review (no. of relevant studies) Citations of relevant studies (author, year) Population(s) included in relevant studies AMSTAR 2 score
Lees, T (2019) [17] Australia To review the most recent information regarding anxiety, PTSD, sleepiness, and fatigue and to identify interventions and treatments proposed to overcome work-related stressors and associated mental illnesses inflicting law enforcement officers. 43 (6) Arble, 2017; Chongruksa, 2012; Christopher, 2016; Oliver, 2009; Peres, 2011; Plat, 2013 Police Critically low
Barger, LK (2018) [18] USA To critically review and synthesize existing literature on the impact of fatigue training on fatigue-related outcomes for emergency medical services (EMS) personnel and similar shift worker groups. 18 (4) Christopher, 2016; Holbrook, 1994; Kuehl, 2016; Sullivan, 2016 Police, firefighter Moderate
Torchalla, I (2018) [19] Canada To summarize the evidence base for interventions targeting individuals with work-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to make recommendations for clinicians and administrative decision-makers involved in their rehabilitation, and to guide future research in this area. Particular attention was given to studies that were conducted in naturalistic clinical settings or in a workers’ compensation claim context. 11 (2) Gersons, 2000; Lansing, 2005 Police Critically low
MacMillan, F (2017) [20] Australia To systematically review studies of health promotion interventions in the police force. 21 (7) Jeter, 2013; Kuehl, 2016; Norris, 1990; Norvell, 1993; Richmond, 1999; Short, 1984; Tanigoshi, 2008 Police Low
Witt, K (2017) [21] Australia To summarize the international literature on the effectiveness of suicide prevention programs for protective and emergency services employees. 13 (4) Finney, 2015; Levenson, 2010; Mishara, 2012; Welch, 1998 Police, firefighter Critically low
Rose, FR (2016) [22] USA To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis with regards to the effectiveness of psychological debriefing. 27 (8) Bohl, 1991; Bohl, 1995; Carlier, 2000; Harris, 2002; Leonard, 1999; Regehr, 2001; Ruck, 2013; Tuckey, 2014 Police, firefighter, correctional services Critically low
Whybrow, D (2015) [23] UK To summarize current knowledge about TRiM and make recommendations for further research. 13 (2) Hunt, 2013; Watson, 2014 Police Critically low
Milner, A (2014) [24] Australia To provide a systematic assessment of workplace suicide prevention activities, including short-term training activities, as well as suicide prevention strategies designed for occupational groups at risk of suicide. 13 (1) Mishara, 2012 Police Critically low
Patterson, GT (2014) [25] USA To conduct a systematic review examining the effects of stress management interventions on outcomes among police officers and recruits. 12 (12) Ackerly, 1986; Coulson, 1987; Digliani, 1994; Gersons, 2000; Ireland, 2007; McCraty, 1999; Norvell, 1993; Richmond, 1999; Shipley, 2002; Short, 1984; Tanigoshi, 2008; Wilson, 2001 Police Critically low
Skeffington, PM (2013) [26] Australia To conduct a systematic review in order to identify and synthesize all programs aimed at the primary prevention of PTSD to date. 7 (3) Arnetz, 2009; Sarason, 1979; Sijaric-Voloder, 2008 Police Critically low
Haugen, PT (2012) [27] USA To conduct a systematic review of the PTSD treatment literature (English and non-English) in order to evaluate such treatment proposals based on what is known about treating PTSD in first responders. This review especially sought to identify RCTs whose primary outcome was PTSD. 17 (8) Cornelius, 2007; Coupland, 2009; Ford, 1996; Gersons, 2000; Kitchiner, 2004; Lansing, 2005; Tolin, 1999; Wilson, 2001 Police, firefighter Critically low
Plat, MJ (2011) [28] Netherlands To conduct a systematic review describing (1) the existing job-specific workers’ health surveillance (WHS) activities, and (2) the effectiveness of job-specific WHS interventions with respect to work functioning, for selected jobs. 31 (2) Arnetz, 2009; Elliot, 2007 Police, firefighter Low
Stergiopoulos, E (2011) [29] Canada To identify interventions targeting work-related PTSD in order to get workers back to the workplace. 7 (1) Gersons, 2000 Police Moderate
Martin, A (2009) [30] Australia To investigate whether different types of health promotion intervention in the workplace reduce depression and anxiety symptoms. 22 (1) McCraty, 2003 Correctional services Critically low
  1. EMS emergency medical services, PTSD post traumatic stress disorder, RCT randomised controlled trial, TRiM trauma risk management