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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Protocol for treatment of Achilles tendon ruptures; a systematic review with network meta-analysis

  Inclusion Exclusion
Population • Adult patients, > 16 years
• First acute Achilles tendon rupture (< 4 weeks)
• Pediatric patients
• Chronic rupture (> 4 weeks)
• Re-rupture
• Achilles tendonopathy
• Musculotendinous junction tears
Intervention • Open surgical management • All other intervention types
Comparator • Non-operative care, standard rehabilitation
• Non-operative care, functional rehabilitation
• Percutaneous surgery
• All other intervention types
Outcome Primary
• Disease-specific functional outcome measures
Secondary
• Overall complications
• Re-rupture
• Sural nerve injury
• Wound complications
• Deep infection
• Secondary surgery
• Return to work or sport
• Strength
• Range of motion
• Quality-of-life instruments
• Less than 6-month follow-up
• Outcome of interest not reported
Study designs • Randomized controlled trials • Observational studies
• Studies reported only in the following forms: letters; commentaries, review articles
• Abstracts with incomplete data