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Table 4 Methodological quality of included reviews assessed with AMSTAR

From: The risk associated with spinal manipulation: an overview of reviews

Year Authors 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Total scorea
2016 Blanchette, M. A. et al. [80] Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 7
2016 Cerritelli, F. et al. [81] No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 6
2016 Chou, R. et al. [153] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No NA No Yes 8
2016 Church, E. W. et al. [137] No No Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No 5
2016 Hall, H. et al. [83] Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 7
2016 Page Matthew, J. et al. [46] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No Yes 9
2016 Ruddock, J. K. et al. [84] Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 7
2016 Ruffini, N. et al. [139] No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 7
2016 Varatharajan, S. et al. [85] Yes No No No No Yes Yes No NA No No 3
2016 Wearing, J. et al. [140] No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2016 Wong, J. J. et al. [86] Yes No No No No Yes Yes No NA No No 3
2016 Yao, M. et al. [87] Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 7
2015 Cicchintti L. et al. [116] No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes NA No Yes 7
2015 Franke, H. et al. [82] No Unclear Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 6
2015 Gross A. J. et al. [36] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No 7
2015 Liddle S. D. & Pennick V. [35] No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No Yes 8
2015 Posadzki, P. et al. [138] Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes No NA No No 4
2015 Puentedura E. J. & O'Grady W. H. [134] No No Yes No No Yes No No No NA No 2
2015 Southerst D. et al. [49] Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 7
2015 Yuan Q.-L. et al. [48] No Unclear Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2015 Zhu L. et al. [47] No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 6
2014 Bryans R. et al. [9] No No Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No No 4
2014 Clar C. et al. [101] No Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes NA No No 4
2014 Close C. et al. [53] Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 6
2014 Franke H. et al. [52] No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 7
2014 Kizhakkeveettil A. et al. [51] No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No NA No No 4
2014 Page M. J. et al. [37] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No Yes 9
2014 Sutton D. et al. [50] Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 6
2014 Todd A. J. et al. [98] No No Yes Yes No Yes No No NA No No 3
2014 Tuchin P. [130] No No Yes No No Yes No No NA NA No 2
2014 Yin P. et al. [93] No Yes No No No Yes No No NA NA No 2
2014 Young J. L. et al. [105] No No No No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 3
2013 Brantingham J. W. et al. [97] No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2013 Hebert J. J. et al. [103] No No Yes No No Yes No No NA NA No 2
2013 Huisman P. A. et al. [57] No No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2013 Parkinson L. et al. [109] No Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2013 Posadzki P. et al. [56] Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 6
2013 Scholten-Peeters G. G. M. et al. [55] No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2013 Schroeder J. et al. [54] No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2013 Wynd S. et al. [126] No Yes No No Yes No No No No No No 2
2013 Yang M. et al. [38] Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No Yes 8
2012 Brantingham J. W. et al. [102] No No No No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 3
2012 Dobson D. et al. [40] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No Yes 9
2012 Furlan A. D. et al. [148, 149] No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2012 Gleberzon B. J. et al. [106] No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2012 Haynes M. J. et al. [125] Yes No Yes No No No Yes Yes NA NA No 4
2012 Kuczynski J. J. et al. [60] No Yes No No No Yes Yes No NA No No 3
2012 Lin J. H. et al. [59] No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2012 Posadzki P. & Ernst E. [58] Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2012 Puentedura E. J. et al. [123] No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Yes NA No 4
2012 Rubinstein S. M. et al. [15, 39] Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes 9
2012 Stuber K. A. et al. [132] No No Yes No Yes No Yes No NA NA No 3
2011 Brantingham J. et al. [104] No No No No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 3
2011 Cross K. et al. [65] No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 6
2011 Huang T. et al. [43] Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 7
2011 Lystad R. P. et al. [112] No No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2011 Posadzki P. & Ernst E. [63] No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2011 Posadzki P. & Ernst E. [62] No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2011 Posadzki P. & Ernst E. [61] No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No Yes 5
2011 Posadzki P. & Ernst E. [64] No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 6
2011 Rubinstein S. M. et al. [14, 42] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No Yes 9
2011 Walker B. F. et al. [41, 44] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 8
2010 Carlesso L. C. et al. [96] No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No 6
2010 Carnes D. et al. [88] No No Yes No No No Yes No No No No 2
2010 Ernst E. [128] No No Yes No No Yes No No NA NA No 2
2010 Hahne A. J. et al. [66] No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2010 Kaminskyj A. et al. [108] No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 6
2010 Shin B.-C. et al. [95] No Unclear Yes Yes No Yes No No NA NA No 3
2009 Boudreau R. et al. [147] No No No No No Yes No No NA No No 1
2009 Boudreau R. & Spry C. [151] No Unclear No No Yes Yes No No NA No No 2
2009 Brurberg K. G. et al. [145] No No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes NA No No 4
2009 Gouveia L. O. et al. [99] No No Yes No No Yes No No No NA No 2
2009 Hunt K. J. et al. [67] No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2009 Khorsan B. et al. [94] No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2009 Reiman M. P. et al. [110] No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2008 Miley M. L. et al. [127] No No No No No No No No No No No 0
2008 Stuber K. J. & Smith D. L. [107] No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 6
2008 Vernon H. & Humphreys B. K. [68] No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2007 Chou R. & Huffman L. H. [141, 143] No Unclear Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No 5
2007 Ernst E. [118] No No Yes No No Yes No No NA NA No 2
2007 Gross A. R. et al. [71] No No No Yes No No Yes No NA No No 2
2007 Hawk C. et al. [100] No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2007 Luijsterburg P. A. J. et al. [70] No No No No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 3
2007 Vernon H. & Humphreys B. K. [69] No Unclear No No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 3
2007 Vernon H. et al. [113] No No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2006 Gemmell H. & Miller P. [111] No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2006 Proctor M. et al. [16] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 8
2006 Snelling N. J. [135] No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2005 Brown A. et al. [146] No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 6
2005 Ernst E. [133] No No Yes No No Yes No No NA NA No 2
2005 Hondras M. A. et al. [17] No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 7
2005 Lisi A. J. et al. [120] No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2005 Rubinstein S. M. et al. [91] No Yes Yes No No Yes No No NA No No 3
2004 Brønfort G. et al. [45] Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 7
2004 Ernst E. [89] No No Yes No No Yes No No NA No No 2
2004 Lenssinck M.-L. B. et al. [72] No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 6
2004 Oduneye F. [152] No No No No No Yes No No NA No No 1
2004 Oliphant D. [115] No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No 3
2003 Ernst E. [90] No No Yes No No Yes No No NA No No 2
2002 Ernst E. [119] No No Yes No No No No No NA No No 1
2002 Ernst E. [136] No No Yes No No Yes No No NA NA No 2
2002 Gerritsen A. A. M. et al. [74] No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
2002 Gross A. R. et al. [142] No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No 5
2002 Gross A. R. et al. [73] No Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2002 Stevinson C. & Ernst E. [124] No No Yes No No Yes No No No No No 2
2001 Bronfort G. et al. [76] No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2001 Ernst E. [129] No No No No No Yes No No NA No No 1
2001 Ernst E. & Harkness E. [75] No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
2000 Ernst E. [77] No No No No No Yes No No NA No No 1
2000 Magee D. J. et al. [117] No Unclear Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
1999 Fabio R. P. D. [121] No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No 3
1999 Haldeman S. M. et al. [122] No No Yes No No Yes No No NA No No 2
1999 Vernon H. et al. [78] No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 4
1996 Aker P. D. et al. [79] No Unclear Unclear Yes No No Yes Yes NA No No 3
1996 Assendelft W. J. J. et al. [131] No No Unclear Unclear No No No No No No No 0
1996 Hurwitz E. L. et al. [144, 150] No No No No No No Yes Yes No No No 2
1995 Dabbs V. & Lauretti W. J. [114] No No No No No Yes No No No No No 1
1992 Shekelle P. G. et al. [92] No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes NA No No 5
  Total number of ‘yes’ for each item 25 47 92 33 35 105 89 78 6 1 10  
  1. AMSTAR A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews, NA not applicable
  2. aThe total score is the number of ‘yes’ for each review. It was calculated giving one point for each ‘yes’ given for the 11 items. 1. Was an 'a priori' design provided? 2. Was there duplicate study selection and data extraction? 3. Was a comprehensive literature search performed? 4. Was the status of publication (i.e. grey literature) used as an inclusion criterion? 5. Was a list of studies (included and excluded) provided? 6. Were the characteristics of the included studies provided? 7. Was the scientific quality of the included studies assessed and documented? 8. Was the scientific quality of the included studies used appropriately in formulating conclusions? 9. Were the methods used to combine the findings of studies for AEs appropriate? 10. Was the likelihood of publication bias assessed for AEs? 11. Was the conflict of interest included?