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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: The number of stimuli required to reliably assess corticomotor excitability and primary motor cortical representations using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS): a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Mean age (SD) Sample size M:F Population Investigation TMS application Outcome measures Muscles tested
Bastani & Jaberzadeh [22] 30.3 (6.8) 12 6:6 Healthy W + B session rel. Single site Amp FDI, ECRB
Christie et al. [23] 76 (6.3) 30 15:15 Healthy, aged >65 W + B session rel. Single site Amp ADM
Doeltgen et al. [25] 27.5 (2.9) 10 7:3 Healthy W + B session rel. Single site Amp Submental
Lewis et al. [24] A) 57 (14)
B) 55 (11.8)
26 12:14 A) 6 months post-stroke
B) Healthy
W + B session rel. Single site Amp Soleus
  1. Key: SD standard deviation, M male, F female, TMS transcranial magnetic stimulation, W + B within and between, Rel. reliability, Amp amplitude, FDI first dorsal interosseous muscle, ECRB extensor carpi radialis brevis, ADM abductor digiti minimi