Skip to main content

Table 4 Summary table for accepted studies—other and multiple/mixed systems with predominant infection

From: Use of ward closure to control outbreaks among hospitalized patients in acute care settings: a systematic review

Study Setting (beds); country Definition of ward closure (length) Other measures Inpatient outcomes (includes index case(s))a Controlled (Y, N, NA) Due tob
Acinetobacter baumannii
Zanetti et al. [62] Burn ICU (7); Switzerland No new admissions (Phase 2: 2.5 m) Phase 1: 4 5 in total (Phase 1: 2/3; Phase 2: 6/9) Y NA
Phase 2: 3
Adenovirus
Finn et al. [58] Intensive (16) and intermediate (18) care at a teaching hospital; USA No new admission (ICN: 19d; MCN: 2w) 8 9/34 in total (2, 7): 3 (33 %) positive, 2 (22 %) died Y All
Fujiwara et al. [65] Ophthalmology ward at a teaching hospital; Japan Limited then no new admissions (16d) 5 17 in total Y All
Hamada et al. [67] Ophthalmology unit at a teaching hospital; Japan Closure undefined 5 18 in total Y All
Kaneko et al. [64] Ophthalmology ward at a teaching hospital; Japan Limited admissions (1m) 8 47 in total Y Environmental disinfection
Echo 19 virus
Purdham et al. [61] Neonatal unit; England No new admissions (9d) 6 12 in total: 1 (8 %) died Y NA
Enterobacter cloacae
Dalben et al. [57] Neonatal unit (63) at a teaching hospital (2200); Brazil No new admissions 5 7 in total: 4 (57 %) died Y Multiple, excluding closure
Escherichia coli
Lahoucine et al. [66] Adult, pediatric hematology, oncology ward (36); Morocco Closure undefined (1w) 1 6 in total: 5 (83 %) died Y NA
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Moodley et al. [60] Intensive care/high care area (34) at a regional hospital; USA No new admissions 4 26 in total: 22 (85 %) died Y: after other measures Multiple, excluding closure
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Gupta et al. [59] NICU; India No new admissions 5 48/2177 in total over 6 outbreaks: 11 (23 %) died N: reduced cases All
Zawacki et al. [63] NICU (18) at a pediatric hospital; USA No new admissions 11 4 in total: 2 (50 %) died Y Treating HCW carriage
Staphylococcus aureus
Noone and Griffiths [7] Gynecological, neurosurgical, gastroenterological, 2 acute general surgical wards; England No new admissions 4 28 in total (25 prior to cleaning ward, 3 after cleaning) Y Do not know
  1. d days, w weeks, m months, y years
  2. aIncludes deaths directly, indirectly, and attributable to infection
  3. bMultiple includes ward closure