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Table 3 Summary table for accepted studies—other and multiple/mixed systems with predominant colonization

From: Use of ward closure to control outbreaks among hospitalized patients in acute care settings: a systematic review

Study Setting (beds); country Definition of ward closure (length) Other measures Inpatient outcomes (includes index case(s))a Controlled (Y, N, NA) Due tob
Enterococcus
Delamare et al. [49] Adult ICU (16); France Limited transfer; 4 ICU beds closed (8w) 4 15 in total Y Multiple
Iosifidis et al. [53] Pediatric oncology department (16) at a teaching hospital; Greece No new admissions (3m) 9 21/32 in total: 1 (5 %) died Y All
van der Steen et al. [54] Internal medicine/nephrology and dialysis ward; The Netherlands No new admissions (12d) 7 12/91 in total: all positive Y All
Escherichia coli
Giuffrè et al. [52] NICU (16) at a teaching hospital; Italy No new admissions (3m) 4 15/103 in total Y All
van der Zwet et al. [55] Surgical ward in a specialty hospital; The Netherlands No new admissions (~3d) 5 8 in total N: 3 patients colonized after NA
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Rettedal et al. [50] NICU (21) at a teaching hospital; Norway No new admissions; limited transfers (70d) 11 59 in total: 1 (2 %) infection Y All
Staphylococcus aureus
Barrett [51] 2 adjacent orthopedic wards; England Unspecified closure 6 15 in total: all positive Y Antibiotic treatment
Troelstra et al. A military hospital; The Netherlands No new admissions (29d) 4 3 in total Y Environmental disinfection
  1. d days, w weeks, m months, y years
  2. aIncludes deaths directly, indirectly, and attributable to infection
  3. bMultiple includes ward closure