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Table 7 Psychosocial outcome measures - follow-up

From: Effects of education to facilitate knowledge about chronic pain for adults: a systematic review with meta-analysis

Outcome measure Study sample size Statistic used Heterogeneity Effect size Test for overall effect Notes
   Intervention Control Total   I 2
(%)
  [95 % CI] Z-value p-value  
CATASTROPHISING           
Education versus usual care           
CSQ – catastrophising
PCP (EA) - catastrophising
Soares 2002; Ruehlman 2012 177 160 337 SMD random 0 −0.09 [−0.30, 0.13] 0.79 0.43 Figure 9
Comparison of different types of education           
Pain catastrophising scale (PCS) van Oosterwijck 2013; Gallagher 2013 55 54 109 SMD random 0 −0.87 [−1.26, −0.47] 4.31 <0.0001 Figure 11; favours education
KNOWLEDGE OF PAIN           
comparison of different types of education           
Pain biology/neuro-physiology knowledge Gallagher 2013; van Oosterwijck 2013 55 54 109 MD random 0 3.69 [2.22, 5.17] 4.90 <0.00001 Figure 13; favours education
knowledge and attitude score Ferrell 1997 9 9 18 MD random n/a 24.10 [9.15, 39.05] 3.16 0.002 Sample >65 years
GLOBAL HEALTH           
Comparison of different types of education           
SF36 - general health perceptions van Oosterwijck 2013 15 15 30 MD random n/a 9.10 [−1.07, 19.27] 1.75 0.08  
SF36 - overall health rating Ferrell 1997 10 10 20 MD random n/a 5.60 [−9.73, 20.93] 0.72 0.47 Sample >65 years
MOOD           
Education versus usual care           
DASS – depression Ruehlman 2012 162 143 305 MD random n/a 0.36 [−0.99, 1.71] 0.52 0.60  
Comparison of different types of education           
SF36 - mental health van Oosterwijck 2013 15 15 30 MD random n/a 18.20 [5.39, 31.01] 2.78 0.005 Favours education
SOCIAL FUNCTION            
Comparison of different types of education           
SF36 – social function van Oosterwijck 2013 15 15 30 MD random n/a −3.10 [−19.13, 12.93] 0.38 0.70  
  1. SF-36 RAND 36-item health survey, DASS depression, anxiety and stress scale, CSQ coping strategies questionnaire, PCS pain catastrophising scale, CSQ coping strategies questionnaire, PCP (EA) profile of chronic pain (Extended Assessment); 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval; Effect size represented as standardised mean difference (SMD) or mean difference (MD) depending on statistic used; Random = random effects model; heterogeneity is not applicable (n/a) when reported as single study