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Table 2 A summary of the PICOS elements that comprise the systematic review

From: Systematic review protocol of interventions to improve the psychological well-being of general practitioners

Population Intervention Comparison Outcome Study design
Primary care doctors working alone, in group practices and healthcare teams in any country Any (psychosocial) intervention or combination of interventions developed to improve any element or combination of elements of well-being. No intervention or usual support and care Primary: all well-being outcomes related to any of the 20 aspects of well-being identified in TableĀ 1 or combinations thereof including improvement in mental illness, measures of stress, anxiety, depression, addiction and burnout Randomised controlled trials including cluster randomised trials
Non-randomised controlled trials
Controlled before-and-after trials
Interrupted time series trials
Secondary: physiological outcome measures of improvement in well-being, e.g. cortisol.