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  1. Commentary

    An approach to addressing subpopulation considerations in systematic reviews: the experience of reviewers supporting the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

    Guideline developers and other users of systematic reviews need information about whether a medical or preventive intervention is likely to benefit or harm some patients more (or less) than the average in orde...

    Evelyn P. Whitlock, Michelle Eder, Jamie H. Thompson, Daniel E. Jonas, Corinne V. Evans, Janelle M. Guirguis-Blake and Jennifer S. Lin

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:41

    Published on: 2 March 2017

  2. Research

    Effectiveness of upper limb functional electrical stimulation after stroke for the improvement of activities of daily living and motor function: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Stroke can lead to significant impairment of upper limb function which affects performance of activities of daily living (ADL). Functional electrical stimulation (FES) involves electrical stimulation of motor ...

    John Eraifej, William Clark, Benjamin France, Sebastian Desando and David Moore

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:40

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  3. Protocol

    Adherence to self-care behaviours and associated barriers in type 2 diabetes patients of low-and middle-income countries: a systematic review protocol

    Diabetes has become a global health emergency affecting high-, middle- and low-income countries. Previous systematic reviews have either focused on patients’ adherence to diabetes self-care behaviours only or ...

    Victor Mogre, Natalie A. Johnson, Flora Tzelepis, Jonathan Shaw and Christine Paul

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:39

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  4. Protocol

    Identification of validated case definitions for chronic disease using electronic medical records: a systematic review protocol

    Primary care electronic medical record (EMR) data are being used for research, surveillance, and clinical monitoring. To broaden the reach and usability of EMR data, case definitions must be specified to ident...

    Sepideh Souri, Nicola E. Symonds, Azin Rouhi, Brendan C. Lethebe, Stephanie Garies, Paul E. Ronksley, Tyler S. Williamson, Gabriel E. Fabreau, Richard Birtwhistle, Hude Quan and Kerry A. McBrien

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:38

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  5. Protocol

    Prevalence and risk factors for post-investigation colorectal cancer (“interval cancer”) after computed tomographic colonography: protocol for a systematic review

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common and important disease. There are different tests for diagnosis, one of which is computed tomographic colonography (CTC). No test is perfect, and patients with normal CTC may...

    Andrew A. Plumb, Anu Obaro, Thomas Fanshawe, Ulysses S. Torres, Rachel Baldwin-Cleland, Steve Halligan and David Burling

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:36

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  6. Protocol

    The efficacy of fall-risk-increasing drug (FRID) withdrawal for the prevention of falls and fall-related complications: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Despite limited evidence of effectiveness, withdrawal (discontinuation or dose reduction) of high risk medications known as “fall-risk increasing drugs” (FRIDs) is typically conducted as a fall prevention stra...

    Justin Yusen Lee and Anne Holbrook

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:33

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  7. Protocol

    Effective knowledge translation approaches and practices in Indigenous health research: a systematic review protocol

    Effective knowledge translation (KT) is critical to implementing program and policy changes that require shared understandings of knowledge systems, assumptions, and practices. Within mainstream research insti...

    Melody E. Morton Ninomiya, Donna Atkinson, Simon Brascoupé, Michelle Firestone, Nicole Robinson, Jeff Reading, Carolyn P. Ziegler, Raglan Maddox and Janet K. Smylie

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:34

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  8. Protocol

    Documenting research with transgender and gender diverse people: protocol for an evidence map and thematic analysis

    There is limited information about how transgender, gender diverse, and Two-Spirit (trans) people have been represented and studied by researchers. The objectives of this study are to (1) map and describe tran...

    Zack Marshall, Vivian Welch, James Thomas, Fern Brunger, Michelle Swab, Ian Shemilt and Chris Kaposy

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:35

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  9. Research

    Fit for purpose: perspectives on rapid reviews from end-user interviews

    There is increasing demand for rapid reviews and timely evidence synthesis. The goal of this project was to understand end-user perspectives on the utility and limitations of rapid products including evidence ...

    Lisa Hartling, Jeanne-Marie Guise, Susanne Hempel, Robin Featherstone, Matthew D. Mitchell, Makalapua L. Motu’apuaka, Karen A. Robinson, Karen Schoelles, Annette Totten, Evelyn Whitlock, Timothy J. Wilt, Johanna Anderson, Elise Berliner, Aysegul Gozu, Elisabeth Kato, Robin Paynter…

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:32

    Published on: 17 February 2017

  10. Research

    Comparison of two independent systematic reviews of trials of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2): the Yale Open Data Access Medtronic Project

    It is uncertain whether the replication of systematic reviews, particularly those with the same objectives and resources, would employ similar methods and/or arrive at identical findings. We compared the resul...

    Jeffrey Low, Joseph S. Ross, Jessica D. Ritchie, Cary P. Gross, Richard Lehman, Haiqun Lin, Rongwei Fu, Lesley A. Stewart and Harlan M. Krumholz

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:28

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  11. Protocol

    Transitional care for formerly incarcerated persons with HIV: protocol for a realist review

    Little is known about the mechanisms that influence the success or failure of programs to facilitate re-engagement with health and social services for formerly incarcerated persons with HIV. This review aims t...

    Jenkin Tsang, Sharmistha Mishra, Janet Rowe, Patricia O’Campo, Carolyn Ziegler, Fiona G. Kouyoumdjian, Flora I. Matheson, Ahmed M. Bayoumi, Shatabdy Zahid and Tony Antoniou

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:29

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  12. Letter

    RevManHAL: towards automatic text generation in systematic reviews

    Systematic reviews are a key part of healthcare evaluation. They involve important painstaking but repetitive work. A major producer of systematic reviews, the Cochrane Collaboration, employs Review Manager (R...

    Mercedes Torres Torres and Clive E. Adams

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:27

    Published on: 9 February 2017

  13. Protocol

    The effect of mobile application interventions on influencing healthy maternal behaviour and improving perinatal health outcomes: a systematic review protocol

    Perinatal morbidity and mortality remain significant public health issues globally, with enduring impact on the health and well-being of women and their families. Pregnant women who adopt, practice and maintai...

    Lisa M. Daly, Dell Horey, Philippa F. Middleton, Frances M. Boyle and Vicki Flenady

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:26

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  14. Protocol

    Measurement tools of resource use and quality of life in clinical trials for dementia or cognitive impairment interventions: protocol for a scoping review

    Dementia and cognitive impairment could severely impact patients’ life and bring heavy burden to patients, caregivers and societies. Some interventions are suggested for the older patients with these condition...

    Fan Yang, Piers Dawes, Iracema Leroi and Brenda Gannon

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:22

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  15. Protocol

    A protocol for a systematic literature review: comparing the impact of seasonal and meteorological parameters on acute respiratory infections in Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples

    Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, and are often linked to seasonal and/or meteorological conditions. Globally, Indigenous peoples may experience a diff...

    Katherine E. Bishop-Williams, Jan M. Sargeant, Lea Berrang-Ford, Victoria L. Edge, Ashlee Cunsolo and Sherilee L. Harper

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:19

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  16. Protocol

    Rational and design of an individual participant data meta-analysis of spinal manipulative therapy for chronic low back pain—a protocol

    Chronic low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of pain and disability, resulting in a major socioeconomic impact. The Cochrane Review which examined the effect of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) for chroni...

    A. de Zoete, M. R. de Boer, M. W. van Tulder, S. M. Rubinstein, M. Underwood, J. A. Hayden, J. Kalter and R. Ostelo

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:21

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  17. Research

    Are we failing young people not in employment, education or training (NEETs)? A systematic review and meta-analysis of re-engagement interventions

    Youth comprise 40% of the world’s unemployed, a status associated with adverse wellbeing and social, health, and economic costs. This systematic review and meta-analysis review synthesises the literature on th...

    Lauren Mawn, Emily J. Oliver, Nasima Akhter, Clare L. Bambra, Carole Torgerson, Chris Bridle and Helen J. Stain

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:16

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  18. Protocol

    Opportunities, challenges and concerns for the implementation and uptake of pelvic floor muscle assessment and exercises during the childbearing years: protocol for a critical interpretive synthesis

    Pregnancy and childbirth are important risk factors for urinary incontinence (UI) in women. Pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) are effective for prevention of UI. Guidelines for the management of UI recommen...

    Victoria E. Salmon, E. Jean C. Hay-Smith, Rachel Jarvie, Sarah Dean, Eivor Oborn, Susan E. Bayliss, Debra Bick, Clare Davenport, Khaled M. Ismail, Christine MacArthur and Mark Pearson

    Systematic Reviews 2017 6:18

    Published on: 25 January 2017

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