Skip to main content

Articles

Page 29 of 44

  1. Chronic low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of pain and disability, resulting in a major socioeconomic impact. The Cochrane Review which examined the effect of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) for chroni...

    Authors: A. de Zoete, M. R. de Boer, M. W. van Tulder, S. M. Rubinstein, M. Underwood, J. A. Hayden, J. Kalter and R. Ostelo

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:21

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  2. Chewing and masticatory function constitutes one of the most important oral health factors that affect quality of life, especially in older individuals. Little consensus currently exists regarding ways to obje...

    Authors: Per Elgestad Stjernfeldt, Inger Wårdh, Mats Trulsson, Gerd Faxén Irving and Anne-Marie Boström

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:20

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  3. Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, and are often linked to seasonal and/or meteorological conditions. Globally, Indigenous peoples may experience a diff...

    Authors: Katherine E. Bishop-Williams, Jan M. Sargeant, Lea Berrang-Ford, Victoria L. Edge, Ashlee Cunsolo and Sherilee L. Harper

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:19

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  4. Pregnancy and childbirth are important risk factors for urinary incontinence (UI) in women. Pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) are effective for prevention of UI. Guidelines for the management of UI recommen...

    Authors: Victoria E. Salmon, E. Jean C. Hay-Smith, Rachel Jarvie, Sarah Dean, Eivor Oborn, Susan E. Bayliss, Debra Bick, Clare Davenport, Khaled M. Ismail, Christine MacArthur and Mark Pearson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:18

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  5. Sexually transmitted infection with high-risk, oncogenic strains of human papillomavirus (HPV) still induces a relevant burden of diseases on both men and women. Although vaccines appear to be highly efficacio...

    Authors: Giampiero Favato, Emmanouil Noikokyris and Riccardo Vecchiato

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:17

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  6. Youth comprise 40% of the world’s unemployed, a status associated with adverse wellbeing and social, health, and economic costs. This systematic review and meta-analysis review synthesises the literature on th...

    Authors: Lauren Mawn, Emily J. Oliver, Nasima Akhter, Clare L. Bambra, Carole Torgerson, Chris Bridle and Helen J. Stain

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. Chronic non-healing wounds present a substantial economic burden to healthcare system; significant reductions in quality of life for those affected, and precede often serious events such as limp amputations or...

    Authors: Krister Järbrink, Gao Ni, Henrik Sönnergren, Artur Schmidtchen, Caroline Pang, Ram Bajpai and Josip Car

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:15

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  8. Good patient-pharmacist communication improves health outcomes. There is, however, room for improving pharmacists’ communication skills. These develop through complex interactions during undergraduate pharmacy...

    Authors: Aisling Kerr, Judith Strawbridge, Caroline Kelleher, Fien Mertens, Peter Pype, Myriam Deveugele and Teresa Pawlikowska

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:14

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  9. Celebrities are highly influential people whose actions and decisions are watched and often emulated by wide audiences. Many celebrities have used their prominent social standing to offer medical advice or end...

    Authors: Steven J. Hoffman, Yasmeen Mansoor, Navneet Natt, Lathika Sritharan, Julia Belluz, Timothy Caulfield, Yoni Freedhoff, John N. Lavis and Arya M. Sharma

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:13

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  10. Injury represents one of the greatest public health challenges of our time with over 5 million deaths and 100 million people temporarily or permanently disabled every year worldwide. The effectiveness of traum...

    Authors: Lynne Moore, Howard Champion, Gerard O’Reilly, Ari Leppaniemi, Peter Cameron, Cameron Palmer, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Belinda Gabbe, Christine Gaarder, Natalie Yanchar, Henry Thomas Stelfox, Raul Coimbra, John Kortbeek, Vanessa Noonan, Amy Gunning, Luke Leenan…

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:12

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  11. Planning for pregnancy has been associated with reduced unwanted pregnancies and improved pregnancy outcomes. Despite the benefits of planned pregnancy, there are no guideline recommendations on routine counse...

    Authors: Paul A. Henning, Carolyne K. Burgess, Heidi E. Jones and Wendy V. Norman

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:11

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  12. Postgraduate medical education and training (PGMET) is a complex social process which happens predominantly during the delivery of patient care. The clinical learning environment (CLE), the context for PGMET, ...

    Authors: Anel Wiese, Caroline Kilty, Colm Bergin, Patrick Flood, Na Fu, Mary Horgan, Agnes Higgins, Bridget Maher, Grainne O’Kane, Lucia Prihodova, Dubhfeasa Slattery and Deirdre Bennett

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:10

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  13. In South Africa, gender inequality dominated by males and heterosexual HIV epidemic are associated with high HIV infection. Underlying epidemiological and social determinants driving HIV acquisition and transm...

    Authors: Nonzwakazi Ntombela, Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson, Andile Mtshali, Anna Voce and Ayesha B. M. Kharsany

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:9

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  14. Patients who are discharged from hospital after an acute medical illness often have impaired function that prevents them from returning to their previous place of residence. Assessing each patient’s post-disch...

    Authors: Daniel M. Kobewka, Daniel McIsaac, Michaël Chassé, Kednapa Thavorn, Sunita Mulpuru, Luke T. Lavallée, Shane English, Justin Presseau and Alan J. Forster

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:8

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  15. Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) is a common cause of stroke, dementia, and functional decline. In recent years, neuroradiologic correlates of CSVD have been identified. These imaging findings, best charac...

    Authors: Clark Funnell, Mary M. Doyle-Waters, Samuel Yip and Thalia Field

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:7

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  16. Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has emerged as a challenge to global tuberculosis (TB) control and remains a major public health concern in many countries. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an increasingly ...

    Authors: Balewgizie Sileshi Tegegne, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Melkamu Merid Mengesha and Johannes G.M. Burgerhof

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:6

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  17. Despite the well-established morbidity, mortality, long-term effects, and unnecessary extra-cost burden associated with cesarean section delivery (CSD) worldwide, its rate has grown exponentially. This has bec...

    Authors: Idrissa Beogo, Bomar Mendez Rojas and Marie-Pierre Gagnon

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:5

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  18. Bruxism is a sleep disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth that may be related to irreversible tooth injuries. It is a prevalent condition occurring in up to 31% of adults. However, there...

    Authors: Mauro Elias Mesko, Brian Hutton, Jovito Adiel Skupien, Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, David Moher and Tatiana Pereira-Cenci

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:4

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  19. There is wide agreement that there is a lack of attention to health in municipal environmental policy-making, such as urban planning and regeneration. Explanations for this include differing professional norms...

    Authors: Helen Pineo, Ketevan Glonti, Harry Rutter, Nicole Zimmermann, Paul Wilkinson and Michael Davies

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:2

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  20. People’s ability to appraise claims about treatment effects is crucial for informed decision-making. Our objective was to systematically map this area of research in order to (a) provide an overview of interve...

    Authors: Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Allen Nsangi and Daniel Semakula

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:215

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Clinical trials typically have a relatively short follow-up period, and may both underestimate potential benefits of treatments investigated, and fail to detect hazards, which can take much longer to emerge. P...

    Authors: Rebecca Llewellyn-Bennett, Louise Bowman and Richard Bulbulia

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:214

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  22. Colonic mural thickening is often a finding in standard computed tomography (CT) scans of the abdomen. It often presents clinician with a dilemma on when a further endoscopic evaluation is needed, especially i...

    Authors: Subashini Chandrapalan, Faraz Tahir, Rakesh Sinha and Ramesh Arasaradnam

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:213

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  23. As more complex meta-analytical techniques such as network and multivariate meta-analyses become increasingly common, further pressures are placed on reviewers to extract data in a systematic and consistent ma...

    Authors: Hugo Pedder, Grammati Sarri, Edna Keeney, Vanessa Nunes and Sofia Dias

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:212

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. The prevalence of delirium in intensive care unit (ICU) patients is high. Delirium has been associated with morbidity and mortality including more ventilator days, longer ICU stay, increased long-term mortalit...

    Authors: Marija Barbateskovic, Laura Krone Larsen, Marie Oxenbøll-Collet, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Anders Perner and Jørn Wetterslev

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:211

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  25. Synthesis of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in a systematic review can summarize the effects of individual outcomes and provide numerical answers about the effectiveness of interventions. Filteri...

    Authors: Mourad Ouzzani, Hossam Hammady, Zbys Fedorowicz and Ahmed Elmagarmid

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:210

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  26. Medication errors represent a noteworthy source of harm to patients. In recent years, several systematic reviews have assessed the frequency and causes of these events, as well as other factors such as commonl...

    Authors: Brian Hutton, Salmaan Kanji, Erika McDonald, Fatemeh Yazdi, Dianna Wolfe, Kednapa Thavorn, Sally Pepper, Laurie Chapman, Becky Skidmore and David Moher

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:209

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  27. In patients with intracranial large vessel arterial occlusion, ipsilateral extracranial carotid artery occlusions or near-occlusions pose a significant hurdle in endovascular management of acute ischaemic stro...

    Authors: Henrik Steglich-Arnholm, Markus Holtmannspötter, Christian Gluud and Derk Wolfgang Krieger

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:208

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  28. Behavioural support for smoking cessation in pregnancy can be effective; however, many pregnant women face barriers to seeking support to stop smoking. Some digital interventions have been found to be effectiv...

    Authors: Sarah Ellen Griffiths, Katherine E. Brown, Emily Anne Fulton, Ildiko Tombor and Felix Naughton

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:207

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  29. It is believed increasingly that patients with severe Crohn’s disease are best treated early with biological therapy, which may ameliorate subsequent disease course and diminish long-term complications. Howeve...

    Authors: Steve Halligan, Darren Boone, Gauraang Bhatnagar, Tariq Ahmad, Stuart Bloom, Manuel Rodriguez-Justo, Stuart A. Taylor and Susan Mallett

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:206

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  30. Converging evidence demonstrates the important role of the neuropeptide hormone oxytocin (OT) in human behaviour and cognition. Intranasal OT administration has been shown to improve several aspects of social ...

    Authors: Daniel S. Quintana, Tim Outhred, Lars T. Westlye, Gin S. Malhi and Ole A. Andreassen

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:205

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  31. Despite the growing international interest in patient safety as a discipline, there has been a lack of exploration of its application to mental health. It cannot be assumed that findings based upon physical he...

    Authors: Danielle D’Lima, Stephanie Archer, Bethan Ines Thibaut, Sonny Christian Ramtale, Lindsay H. Dewa and Ara Darzi

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:203

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  32. Mental contrasting is a self-regulation strategy that is required for strong goal commitment. In mental contrasting, individuals firstly imagine a desired future or health goal that contrasted with the reality...

    Authors: Ainslea Cross and David Sheffield

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:201

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  33. Delirium is a syndrome characterized by acute fluctuations and alterations in attention and arousal. Critically ill patients are at particularly high risk, and those that develop delirium are more likely to ex...

    Authors: Jennifer Foster, Lisa D. Burry, Lehana Thabane, Karen Choong, Kusum Menon, Mark Duffett, Alexandra Cheung, Melanie Guenette, Timothy Chimunda and Louise Rose

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:199

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  34. Systematic reviews offer the most reliable and valid support for health policy decision-making, patient information, and guideline development. However, they are labor intensive and frequently take longer than...

    Authors: Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit, Irma Klerings, Gernot Wagner, Viktoria Titscher and Gerald Gartlehner

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:197

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  35. Data abstraction, a critical systematic review step, is time-consuming and prone to errors. Current standards for approaches to data abstraction rest on a weak evidence base. We developed the Data Abstraction ...

    Authors: Ian J. Saldanha, Christopher H. Schmid, Joseph Lau, Kay Dickersin, Jesse A. Berlin, Jens Jap, Bryant T. Smith, Simona Carini, Wiley Chan, Berry De Bruijn, Byron C. Wallace, Susan M. Hutfless, Ida Sim, M. Hassan Murad, Sandra A. Walsh, Elizabeth J. Whamond…

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:196

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  36. Novel psychoactive substances (NPS) are new narcotic or psychotropic drugs that are not controlled by the United Nations drug convention that may pose a serious public health threat due to their wide availabil...

    Authors: Salma M. Khaled, Elizabeth Hughes, Dan Bressington, Monica Zolezzi, Ahmed Radwan, Ashish Badnapurkar and Richard Gray

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:195

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  37. Critically ill patients frequently experience severe agitation placing them at risk of harm. Physical restraint is common in intensive care units (ICUs) for clinician concerns about safety. However, physical r...

    Authors: Louise Rose, Craig Dale, Orla M. Smith, Lisa Burry, Glenn Enright, Dean Fergusson, Samir Sinha, Lesley Wiesenfeld, Tasnim Sinuff and Sangeeta Mehta

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:194

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  38. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a worldwide leading cause of mortality and disability. Among TBI complications, agitation is a frequent behavioural problem. Agitation causes potential harm to patients and care...

    Authors: David R. Williamson, Anne Julie Frenette, Lisa Burry, Marc M. Perreault, Emmanuel Charbonney, François Lamontagne, Marie-Julie Potvin, Jean-François Giguère, Sangeeta Mehta and Francis Bernard

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:193

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  39. Complex or heterogeneous data pose challenges for systematic review and meta-analysis. In recent years, a number of new methods have been developed to meet these challenges. This qualitative interview study ai...

    Authors: Theo Lorenc, Lambert Felix, Mark Petticrew, G J Melendez-Torres, James Thomas, Sian Thomas, Alison O’Mara-Eves and Michelle Richardson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:192

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Websites and online resources outside academic bibliographic databases can be significant sources for identifying literature, though there are challenges in searching and managing the results. These are pertin...

    Authors: Claire Stansfield, Kelly Dickson and Mukdarut Bangpan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:191

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  41. Overviews of reviews (overviews) compile data from multiple systematic reviews to provide a single synthesis of relevant evidence for decision-making. Despite their increasing popularity, there is limited meth...

    Authors: Michelle Pollock, Ricardo M. Fernandes, Lorne A. Becker, Robin Featherstone and Lisa Hartling

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:190

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Amphetamine and methamphetamine use disorders are associated with severe health and social consequences. No pharmacological therapy has been approved for the treatment of these disorders. Psychostimulants can ...

    Authors: Meha Bhatt, Laura Zielinski, Lola Baker-Beal, Neera Bhatnagar, Natalia Mouravska, Phillip Laplante, Andrew Worster, Lehana Thabane and Zainab Samaan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:189

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. In the absence of existing data, the present review intends to determine the incidence, prevalence and/or genetic determinants of neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM), with expected contribution to disease charact...

    Authors: Jobert Richie N. Nansseu, Suzanne S. Ngo-Um and Eric V. Balti

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:188

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  44. Estimates of the burden of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are needed to ascertain AMR impact, to evaluate interventions, and to allocate resources efficiently. Recent studies have estimated health, cost, and e...

    Authors: Nichola R. Naylor, Sachin Silva, Kavian Kulasabanathan, Rifat Atun, Nina Zhu, Gwenan M. Knight and Julie Robotham

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2016 5:187

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

Annual Journal Metrics