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  1. Prescribed exercise to treat medical conditions and to prepare for surgery is a promising intervention to prevent adverse health outcomes for older adults; however, adherence to exercise programs may be low. O...

    Authors: Julia F. Shaw, Sophie Pilon, Matthieu Vierula and Daniel I. McIsaac
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:80
  2. Work-related stress is a common phenomenon, often noticed in the employees of the finance sector. It mirrors counter effects on the wellness of employees, their mental well-being, and physical health. Mindfuln...

    Authors: Tantri Keerthi Dinesh, Ankitha Shetty, Vijay Shree Dhyani, Shwetha T.S and Komal Jenifer Dsouza
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:79
  3. Vaccination, albeit a necessity in the prevention of infectious diseases, requires appropriate strategies for addressing vaccine hesitancy at an individual and community level. However, there remains a glaring...

    Authors: Prem Singh, Pritu Dhalaria, Satabdi Kashyap, Gopal Krishna Soni, Partha Nandi, Shreeparna Ghosh, Mrinal Kar Mohapatra, Apurva Rastogi and Divya Prakash
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:78
  4. In the 2021 Statistics Canada census, 18.5% of the Canadian population were senior (65 years and older), among those 1.7 million (4.5%) were aged 80 years and older. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most c...

    Authors: Richard Hu, Rajajee Selvam, Husein Moloo, Lara Williams, Isabelle Raiche and Reilly Musselman
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:77
  5. The world is facing an unprecedented systemic shock to population health, the economy and society due to the devastating impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. As with most economic shocks, this is expected to dispr...

    Authors: Elaine Tod, Deborah Shipton, Gerry McCartney, Shifa Sarica, Graeme Scobie, Jane Parkinson, Anne-Marie Bagnall, Julian Manley, Andrew Cumbers, Sarah Deas and James de le Vingne
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:76
  6. Down syndrome (DS) is a chromosomal anomaly that is characterized by an extra chromosome 21. Ophthalmological manifestations have a high prevalence in patients with DS.

    Authors: Juliana Muñoz-Ortiz, Jesús David Charry-Sánchez, Isabella Bechara-Arango, Mariana Blanco-Becerra, Claudia Talero-Gutiérrez, Marcela Gomez-Suarez and Alejandra de-la-Torre
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:75
  7. Human communication is essential for socialising, learning and working. Disabilities and social disadvantage have serious negative consequences on communication which can impact development from early life int...

    Authors: Kristen Abrahams, Rizwana Mallick, Ameer Hohlfeld, Tamzyn Suliaman and Harsha Kathard
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:74
  8. Salivary gland (SG) hypofunction (objectively reduced saliva flow rate) and xerostomia (subjective sensation of dry mouth) are common and burdensome side effects of radiotherapy to the head and neck region. Cu...

    Authors: Per Marcus Jansson, Charlotte Duch Lynggaard, Amanda Fenger Carlander, Siri Beier Jensen, Bjarke Follin, Cecilie Hoeeg, Birgitte Saima Kousholt, Rasmus Tolstrup Larsen, Christian Grønhøj, Kathrine Kronberg Jakobsen, Susie Rimborg, Anne Fischer-Nielsen, Julia M. L. Menon and Christian von Buchwald
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:72
  9. Duloxetine is an antidepressant that benefits from a wide range of approval in the elderly population, while its safety for use compared to non-elderly is not clearly assessed. This protocol outlines a systema...

    Authors: Jean-Charles Roy, Chloé Rousseau, Alexis Jutel, Florian Naudet and Gabriel Robert
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:71
  10. Removing financial barriers and making healthcare accessible to all who need it remains an essential component of the United Nations’ sustainable development goals. Pro-poor healthcare financing schemes are po...

    Authors: Loretta Inkoom, Monica Ansu-Mensah, Vitalis Bawontuo and Desmond Kuupiel
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:70
  11. The purpose of this protocol is to provide a new systematic review with meta-analysis using the current methodology to compare the effectiveness of multicomponent treatment versus other interventions for patie...

    Authors: Felipe Araya-Quintanilla, Héctor Gutiérrez-Espinoza, Jorge Fuentes, Fernanda Prieto-Lafrentz, Leonardo Pavez, Carlos Cristi-Montero, Iván Cavero-Redondo and Celia Álvarez-Bueno
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:69
  12. Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most common postpartum psychiatric disorder, affecting 11–15% of new mothers, and initiatives towards early identification and treatment are essential due to detrimental cons...

    Authors: Mette-Marie Zacher Kjeldsen, Alessio Bricca, Xiaoqin Liu, Vibe G. Frokjaer, Kathrine Bang Madsen and Trine Munk-Olsen
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:68
  13. An increasing number of interventions have focused on leadership development for healthcare managers, among which coaching is a common strategy. The purpose of the present systematic review is to synthesize ev...

    Authors: Shuang Hu, Wenjun Chen, Huiping Hu, Wenqiu Huang, Jia Chen and Jiale Hu
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:67
  14. Although community-level benefits of health system engagement (i.e., health service planning, delivery, and quality improvement, engaged research and evaluation, and collaborative advocacy) are well establishe...

    Authors: Ginetta Salvalaggio, Lawrence Ferguson, Hannah L. Brooks, Sandra Campbell, Vanessa Gladue, Elaine Hyshka, Linda Lam, Heather Morris, Lara Nixon and Jane Springett
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:66
  15. Indigenous Peoples experience health inequities across the continuum of health services. Improvements for Indigenous patients and their families during vulnerable experiences with the healthcare system may hav...

    Authors: Samantha L. Bowker, Kienan Williams, Aireen Wingert, Jamie M. Boyd, Melissa L. Potestio, Michelle Gates, Erica Wright and Sean M. Bagshaw
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:65
  16. The evidence base for the role of dietary protein in maintaining good muscle health in older age is strong; however, the importance of protein source remains unclear. Plant proteins are generally of lower qual...

    Authors: Rachel J. Reid-McCann, Sarah F. Brennan, Michelle C. McKinley and Claire T. McEvoy
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:64
  17. Atrial fibrillation affects an estimated 33 million individuals worldwide and is a major cause of stroke, heart failure, and death. Anticoagulants substantially reduce the risk of stroke but are also associate...

    Authors: Thibaut Galvain, Ruaraidh Hill, Sarah Donegan, Paulo Lisboa, Gregory Y. H. Lip and Gabriela Czanner
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:63
  18. Based on the Global Trends report from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee, in high-income countries, there are 2.7 refuges per 1000 national population, girls and women account for nearly 50% of ...

    Authors: Sarah DeSa, Akalewold T. Gebremeskel, Olumuyiwa Omonaiye and Sanni Yaya
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:62
  19. Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common urological problem in elderly males. Recent studies have reported polymorphism in various metabolic genes in BPH. However, their association with the suscep...

    Authors: Lin Lin, Pugui Li, Xin Liu, Xiuyuan Xie, Liping Liu, Anjani Kumar Singh and Himanshu Narayan Singh
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:60
  20. Low back pain is a disability that occurs worldwide. It is a heterogeneous disorder that affects patients with dominant nociceptive, neuropathic, and central sensitization pain. An important pathophysiology of...

    Authors: Tanawin Nopsopon, Areerat Suputtitada, Irin Lertparinyaphorn and Krit Pongpirul
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:59
  21. The rarity and heterogeneity of pediatric cancers make it difficult to assess risk factors associated with the development of cancer in this group. This also determines the quantity and quality of evidence for...

    Authors: Sehlisiwe Ndlovu, Mbuzeleni Hlongwa and Themba Ginindza
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:58
  22. Honorary authorship refers to the practice of naming an individual who has made little or no contribution to a publication as an author. Honorary authorship inflates the output estimates of honorary authors an...

    Authors: Reint Meursinge Reynders, Gerben ter Riet, Nicola Di Girolamo and Mario Malički
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:57
  23. Increasing pressure to publicise research findings and generate impact, alongside an expectation from funding bodies to go beyond publication within academic journals, has generated interest in alternative met...

    Authors: Jo Thompson Coon, Noreen Orr, Liz Shaw, Harriet Hunt, Ruth Garside, Michael Nunns, Alke Gröppel-Wegener and Becky Whear
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:56
  24. This letter responds to the US Environmental Protection Agency’s Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) program letter by Radke et al. (2021) that was published in response to the application of the IRIS ri...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Eick, Dana E. Goin, Juleen Lam, Tracey J. Woodruff and Nicholas Chartres
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:53

    The Correction to this article has been published in Systematic Reviews 2022 11:86

  25. Although simulation-based education (SBE) has become increasingly popular as a mode of teaching in undergraduate nursing courses, its effect on associated student learning outcomes remains ambiguous. Education...

    Authors: Matthew Jackson, Lauren McTier, Laura A. Brooks and Rochelle Wynne
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:52
  26. Prevention of obesity is economically and sociologically preferable to treatment, with early intervention key to preventing excess weight gain and obesity. The transition from adolescence to young adulthood is...

    Authors: Taylor Jade Willmott, Alieena Mathew, Eve Luck, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele, Julia Carins, Lisa Vincze, Lauren Williams and Lauren Ball
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:51
  27. An increasing number of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) of clinical trials have begun to investigate the effects of virtual reality (VR) in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). The aim of thi...

    Authors: Yaqin Lu, Yonggui Ge, Wanqiang Chen, Wenting Xing, Lushan Wei, Caixia Zhang and Yusheng Yang
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:50
  28. Looked after children (LAC) that are placed in either a foster, kinship, residential care setting or transition to adoption continue to develop debilitating disorders that significantly impact their overall he...

    Authors: Nicola Heady, Alan Watkins, Ann John and Hayley Hutchings
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:49
  29. Workloads are increasing and could cause mental stress, e.g., in the form of subjective effort reward imbalance (ERI) and overcommitment (OC). The heart rate variability (HRV) is a valid method for objective m...

    Authors: Beatrice Thielmann, Jonas Hartung and Irina Böckelmann
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:48
  30. Racism has been identified as a major source of injustice and a health burden in Australia and across the world. Despite the surge in Australian quantitative research on the topic, and the increasing recogniti...

    Authors: Jehonathan Ben, Amanuel Elias, Ayuba Issaka, Mandy Truong, Kevin Dunn, Rachel Sharples, Craig McGarty, Jessica Walton, Fethi Mansouri, Nida Denson and Yin Paradies
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:47
  31. Domestic violence is a public health issue that has a long-term and irreversible effect on the victims. There are vulnerable groups like children, women, and elders. The problem becomes worse for these populat...

    Authors: Gelila Abraham, Beshea Gelana, Kiddus Yitbarek and Sudhakar Morankar
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:46
  32. With increases in the use of technological devices worldwide, parental technoference is a potential threat to the quality of parent-child relationships and children’s health and development. Parental technofer...

    Authors: Lyndsay Jerusha Mackay, Jelena Komanchuk, K. Alix Hayden and Nicole Letourneau
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:45
  33. The hippocampus has for long been known for its ability to form new, declarative memory. However, emerging findings across conditions in the psychosis spectrum also implicate its role in emotional regulation. ...

    Authors: Anurag Nasa, Olivia Mosley, Elena Roman, Allison Kelliher, Caoimhe Gaughan, Kirk J. Levins, David Coppinger, Erik O’Hanlon, Mary Cannon and Darren William Roddy
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:44
  34. Indigenous populations globally experience worse oral health than their non-Indigenous counterpart. Globally, the occurrence of periodontal diseases such as gingivitis and chronic periodontitis is high among I...

    Authors: Sonia Nath, Brianna Poirier, Xiangqun Ju, Kostas Kapellas, Dandara Haag and Lisa Jamieson
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:43
  35. People with severe mental illnesses (SMI) such as schizophrenia die on average 15 to 20 years earlier than everyone else. Two thirds of these deaths are from preventable physical illnesses such as hypertension...

    Authors: Ian D. Maidment, Geoffrey Wong, Claire Duddy, Rachel Upthegrove, Sheri Oduola, Dan Robotham, Suzanne Higgs, Amy Ahern and Gurkiran Birdi
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:42
  36. Only three literature reviews have assessed the impact of interventions on the reduction of racial inequities in general health to date; none has drawn from attempts at promoting racial oral health equity. Thi...

    Authors: João L. Bastos, Helena M. Constante, Helena S. Schuch, Dandara G. Haag, Sonia Nath, Roger K. Celeste, Carol C. Guarnizo-Herreño, Mary J. McCallum and Lisa M. Jamieson
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:41

    The Correction to this article has been published in Systematic Reviews 2022 11:130

  37. There are many described benefits of community-based participatory research (CBPR), such as increased relevance of research for those who must act on its findings. This has prompted researchers to better under...

    Authors: Meghan Gilfoyle, Anne MacFarlane and Jon Salsberg
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:40
  38. Patient and family engagement (PFE) has been defined as a partnership between patients, families, and health care providers to achieve positive health care outcomes. There is evidence that PFE is critical to i...

    Authors: Hanan Aboumatar, Samantha Pitts, Ritu Sharma, Asar Das, Brandon M. Smith, Jeff Day, Katherine Holzhauer, Sejean Yang, Eric B. Bass and Wendy L. Bennett
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:39
  39. Total hip and total knee replacement surgery are in high demand, leading to long wait times for many patients. While on the waiting list, patients may experience worsening pain, reduced mobility, and deteriora...

    Authors: E. Dawson, M. E. Neufeld, E. Schemitsch and A. John-Baptiste
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:38
  40. Disorders of adipose tissue distribution in people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have been associated with significant metabolic derangements that increase their risk of cardiometabolic an...

    Authors: Jeannine Anyingu Aminde, Neil Harris, Caroline Thng and Ben Desbrow
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:37
  41. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard surgical approach in the treatment of cholelithiasis. Diverse surgical techniques and different imaging modalities have been described to evaluate the bilia...

    Authors: Mihai-Calin Pavel, Mar Achalandabaso Boira, Yasir Bashir, Robert Memba, Erik Llácer, Laia Estalella, Elisabeth Julià, Kevin C. Conlon and Rosa Jorba
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:36
  42. Particulate matter (PM) is an important environmental risk factor for the initiation and exacerbation of respiratory disease. Various herbal medicines have exhibited a reduction in symptoms of respiratory dise...

    Authors: Jungtae Leem, Yohwan Kim and Kwan-Il Kim
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:35
  43. Dementia education is required to address gaps in dementia-specific knowledge among health and social care practitioners amidst increasing dementia prevalence. Harnessing technology for dementia education may ...

    Authors: Kevin Muirhead, Leah Macaden, Keith Smyth, Colin Chandler, Charlotte Clarke, Rob Polson and Chris O’Malley
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:34
  44. The training of optometrists aims to prepare practitioners with critical thinking skills who utilise their education and experience to solve clinical problems in real-life practice. Professional competencies s...

    Authors: Diane van Staden, Verusia Chetty and Alvin Jeffrey Munsamy
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:33
  45. Birth asphyxia accounted for nearly 50% of neonatal mortality in Sub-Saharan African countries. This scenario has been worst in Ethiopia where every two out of three deaths attributed to birth asphyxia. Moreov...

    Authors: Abay Woday Tadesse, Muluken Dessalegn Muluneh, Setognal Birara Aychiluhm, Kusse Urmale Mare and Gebeyaw Biset Wagaw
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2022 11:30

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