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  1. Context shapes the effectiveness of knowledge implementation and influences health improvement. Successful healthcare quality improvement (QI) initiatives frequently fail to transfer to different settings, wit...

    Authors: Emma Coles, Mary Wells, Margaret Maxwell, Fiona M. Harris, Julie Anderson, Nicola M. Gray, Gill Milner and Stephen MacGillivray
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:168
  2. Search strategies for systematic reviews aim to identify all evidence relevant to the research question posed. Reports of methodological research can be difficult to find leading to biased results in systemati...

    Authors: Valerie Brueton, Jayne F. Tierney, Sally Stenning and Greta Rait
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:167
  3. Currently, about 2 per 1000 children in the industrialised world are severely visually impaired or blind (SVI/BL) due to diverse uncommon conditions that are usually present from early infancy. The impact of S...

    Authors: Lucinda J Teoh, Ameenat L Solebo and Jugnoo S Rahi
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:166
  4. Measuring and monitoring progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5 requires valid and reliable estimates of maternal and neonatal mortality. In South Africa, there are conflicting reports on ...

    Authors: Damian J. Damian, Bernard Njau, Ester Lisasi, Sia E. Msuya and Andrew Boulle
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:165
  5. Hip fractures are a major public health problem in elderly populations and are accompanied by high-mortality rates. Whether timing of surgery has an impact on morbidity and mortality has been discussed controv...

    Authors: Thomas Klestil, Christoph Röder, Christoph Stotter, Birgit Winkler, Stefan Nehrer, Martin Lutz, Irma Klerings, Gernot Wagner, Gerald Gartlehner and Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:164
  6. Acute low back pain (ALBP) is the top cause of global disability, demonstrating a significant impact on individuals and society and demanding the need for appropriate management. There is a trend towards an in...

    Authors: Natalia Mouravska, Laura Zielinski, Meha Bhatt, Nitika Sanger, Monica Bawor, Brittany Dennis, Laura Banfield, James MacKillop, James Paul, Andrew Worster, Philip Laplante, Lehana Thabane and Zainab Samaan
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:163
  7. Recent increasing trends in breast cancer incidence and survival have resulted in unprecedented numbers of cancer survivors in the general population. A cancer diagnosis may have a profound psychological impac...

    Authors: Helena Carreira, Rachael Williams, Martin Müller, Rhea Harewood and Krishnan Bhaskaran
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:162
  8. Head and neck cancers include malignancies of the mouth, larynx and oropharynx. Tobacco use and alcohol consumption are associated with increased risks of developing and dying from head and neck cancer. The ai...

    Authors: Ellie Shingler, Luke A. Robles, Rachel Perry, Chris Penfold, Andy Ness, Steve Thomas, J. Athene Lane and Richard M. Martin
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:161
  9. Care transitions from the hospital to home are critical to the sustainability of our health care system. Ineffective care transitions can be caused by high incidences of post-discharge adverse events, by poor ...

    Authors: Chantal Backman, Julie Chartrand, Orvie Dingwall and Beverley Shea
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:158
  10. Because of the enormous social and economic burden of disease, the prevention of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s-type dementia has become a major global public health priority. Studies show that cogn...

    Authors: Nina Matyas, Stefanie Auer, Christoph Gisinger, Monika Kil, Filiz Keser Aschenberger, Irma Klerings and Gerald Gartlehner
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:157
  11. Shared decision-making (SDM) is a patient-centred approach in which clinicians and patients work side-by-side to decide together on the best course of action for each patient’s particular situation. Six key el...

    Authors: Thomas H. Wieringa, Marleen Kunneman, Rene Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Victor M. Montori, Maartje de Wit, Ellen M. A. Smets, Linda J. Schoonmade, Gabriela Spencer-Bonilla and Frank J. Snoek
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:155
  12. There are 43 state medical marijuana programs in the USA, yet limited evidence is available on the demographic characteristics of the patient population accessing these programs. Moreover, insights into the so...

    Authors: Celina I. Valencia, Ibitola O. Asaolu, John E. Ehiri and Cecilia Rosales
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:154
  13. Data extraction is one of the most time-consuming tasks in performing a systematic review. Extraction is often onto some sort of form. Sharing completed forms can be used to check quality and accuracy of extra...

    Authors: Farhad Shokraneh and Clive E. Adams
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:153

    The Letter to this article has been published in Systematic Reviews 2018 7:18

  14. Studies show that a large number of women around the world have experienced situations of abuse, disrespect, abuse, and neglect during childbirth and/or abortion. This violence is a serious violation of the ri...

    Authors: Sofia Madeira, Vicky Pileggi and João Paulo Souza
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:152
  15. Head and neck cancer incidence is increasing worldwide. Despite overall improvements in survival, numerous studies suggest worse survival in more disadvantaged populations; however, this literature has not bee...

    Authors: Bilal G. Taib, Joseph Rylands, Sue Povall, Terry M. Jones and David Taylor-Robinson
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:151
  16. Radical cystectomy is associated with high rates of perioperative morbidity. Robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) is widely used today despite limited evidence for clinical superiority. The aim of this r...

    Authors: Susanne Vahr Lauridsen, Hanne Tønnesen, Bente Thoft Jensen, Bruno Neuner, Peter Thind and Thordis Thomsen
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:150
  17. There is an increasing body of research documenting flaws in many published systematic reviews’ methodological and reporting conduct. When good systematic review practice is questioned, attention is rarely tur...

    Authors: Lesley Uttley and Paul Montgomery
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:149
  18. Producing high-quality, relevant systematic reviews and keeping them up to date is challenging. Cochrane is a leading provider of systematic reviews in health. For Cochrane to continue to contribute to improve...

    Authors: Tari Turner, Sally Green, David Tovey, Steve McDonald, Karla Soares-Weiser, Charlotte Pestridge and Julian Elliott
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:147
  19. The use of electronic records in healthcare is increasing. To avoid errors, it is essential that the data displays used by these systems are usable: efficient, effective and satisfying. A wide variety of displ...

    Authors: Antonia Burt, Lauren Morgan, Tatjana Petrinic, Duncan Young and Peter Watkinson
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:148
  20. Guidelines for assessing methodological and reporting quality of systematic reviews (SRs) were developed to contribute to implementing evidence-based health care and the reduction of research waste. As SRs ass...

    Authors: Kusala Pussegoda, Lucy Turner, Chantelle Garritty, Alain Mayhew, Becky Skidmore, Adrienne Stevens, Isabelle Boutron, Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, Lise M. Bjerre, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson, Douglas G. Altman and David Moher
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:131
  21. One of the most frequently used assessment tools that measure the trainees’ performance in workplace is the mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX), in which an expert observes and rates the actual perfor...

    Authors: Sara Mortaz Hejri, Mohammad Jalili, Mandana Shirazi, Rasoul Masoomi, Saharnaz Nedjat and John Norcini
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:146
  22. Overviews of systematic reviews are an increasingly popular method of evidence synthesis; there is a lack of clear guidance for completing overviews and a number of methodological challenges. At the UK Cochran...

    Authors: Alex Pollock, Pauline Campbell, Ginny Brunton, Harriet Hunt and Lise Estcourt
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:145
  23. Occupational stress and burnout are highly prevalent among medical doctors and can have adverse effects on patient, doctor, and organisational outcomes. The purpose of the current study was to review and evalu...

    Authors: Bonnie A. Clough, Sonja March, Raymond J. Chan, Leanne M. Casey, Rachel Phillips and Michael J. Ireland
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:144
  24. To date there is no consensus about the optimal strategy for keeping clinical guidelines (CGs) up-to-date. The aims of this study were (1) to develop a continuous surveillance and updating strategy for CGs and...

    Authors: Laura Martínez García, Hector Pardo-Hernández, Andrea Juliana Sanabria and Pablo Alonso-Coello
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:143
  25. Tuberculosis patients receiving anti-tuberculosis treatment may experience serious adverse drug reactions, such as hepatotoxicity. Genetic risk factors, such as polymorphisms of the NAT2, CYP2E1 and GSTM1 genes, ...

    Authors: Marty Richardson, Jamie Kirkham, Kerry Dwan, Derek Sloan, Geraint Davies and Andrea Jorgensen
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:142
  26. One of the most critical practices in mass casualty incident management is vacating the victims from scene of the incident and transporting them to proper healthcare facilities. Decision on distribution of cas...

    Authors: Mohammad Reza Khajehaminian, Ali Ardalan, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini Boroujeni, Amir Nejati, Abbasali Keshtkar, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani and Omid Mahdi Ebadati E.
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:141
  27. There has been little focus in the literature on how to build genetic testing and counseling services in low- and middle-income countries in a responsible, ethical, and culturally appropriate manner. It is unc...

    Authors: Adrina Zhong, Benedict Darren and Helen Dimaras
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:140
  28. Pain reduction can be achieved by lowering proinflammatory cytokine levels in the blood. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a non-invasive physiotherapeutic resource for pain management, but...

    Authors: Tábata Cristina do Carmo Almeida, Francisco Winter dos Santos Figueiredo, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca and Fernando Adami
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:139
  29. Delayed reward discounting (DRD), the degree to which future rewards are discounted relative to immediate rewards, is used as an index of impulsive decision-making and has been associated with a number of prob...

    Authors: Max M. Owens, Michael T. Amlung, Steven R. H. Beach, Lawrence H. Sweet and James MacKillop
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:138
  30. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by a severe restriction of caloric intake, low body weight, fear of gaining weight or of becoming fat, and disturbance of body image. Pathogenesis of the disorder may include ...

    Authors: Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Jane A. Driver, Manuel Ridao, José M. Valderas, Ricard Gènova-Maleras, Jaume Forés-Martos, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Eduard Vieta, Alfonso Valencia and Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:137
  31. Tobacco smoking is a leading cause of disease and premature mortality among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians. While the daily smoking prevalence among Indigenous Australians has d...

    Authors: Catherine Chamberlain, Susan Perlen, Sue Brennan, Lucie Rychetnik, David Thomas, Raglan Maddox, Noore Alam, Emily Banks, Andrew Wilson and Sandra Eades
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:135
  32. The prevalence of menopause in women with or at risk of chronic kidney disease is increasing globally. Although international guidelines on menopause recommend the use of postmenopausal hormone therapy with or...

    Authors: Sandra M. Dumanski, Sharanya Ramesh, Matthew T. James, Amy Metcalfe, Kara Nerenberg, Ellen W. Seely, Helen Lee Robertson and Sofia B. Ahmed
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:134
  33. Predicting outcomes in those with chronic kidney disease or following transplantation is challenging, and current models lack detailed patient-level information. Frailty and poor functional status are risk fac...

    Authors: Kendra E. Brett, Alexandria Bennett, Lindsay J. Ritchie and Greg A. Knoll
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:133
  34. N-of-1 trials are multiple cross-over trials done in individual participants, generating individual treatment effect information. While reporting guidelines for the CONSORT Extension for N-of-1 trials (CENT) a...

    Authors: Antony J. Porcino, Salima Punja, An-Wen Chan, Richard Kravitz, Aaron Orkin, Philippe Ravaud, Christopher H. Schmid and Sunita Vohra
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:132
  35. Frailty is a common syndrome affecting 5–17% of community-dwelling older adults. Various interventions are used to prevent or treat frailty. Given the diversity of singular and multi-faceted frailty interventi...

    Authors: Ahmed M. Negm, Courtney C. Kennedy, Lehana Thabane, Areti-Angeliki Veroniki, Jonathan D. Adachi, Julie Richardson, Ian D. Cameron, Aidan Giangregorio and Alexandra Papaioannou
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:130
  36. Body size, nutrition and socioeconomic position (SEP) in early life have been associated with a range of later life health outcomes. Epigenetic regulation is one mechanism through which these early life factor...

    Authors: Jane Maddock, Wahyu Wulaningsih and Rebecca Hardy
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:129
  37. The use of information technology, including internet- and telephone-based resources, is becoming an alternative and supporting method of providing many forms of services in a healthcare and health management ...

    Authors: Martin J Downes, Merehau C Mervin, Joshua M Byrnes and Paul A Scuffham
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:128
  38. This is a protocol for a systematic review of the impact of health coaching on changing the health behaviour of offenders. Prisoners are more likely to suffer from health-related issues when compared to the ge...

    Authors: Nadja Almondes, Denise Downie, Ayse B. Cinar, Derek Richards and Ruth Freeman
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:127
  39. Despite the growing interest in assessing the quality of care for depression, there is little evidence to support measurement of the quality of primary care for depression. This study identified evidence-based...

    Authors: Yelena Petrosyan, Yeva Sahakyan, Jan M. Barnsley, Kerry Kuluski, Barbara Liu and Walter P. Wodchis
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:126
  40. Medication-related adverse events have been estimated to be responsible for 5700 deaths and cost the UK £750 million annually. This burden falls disproportionately on older people. Outcomes from interventions ...

    Authors: Ian Maidment, Andrew Booth, Judy Mullan, Jane McKeown, Sylvia Bailey and Geoffrey Wong
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:125
  41. Understanding how physical activity (PA) influences cognitive function in populations with cognitive impairments, such as dementia, is an increasingly studied topic yielding numerous published systematic revie...

    Authors: Azeem Rathore and Barbara Lom
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:124
  42. Multiple reviews demonstrated high variability in effectiveness and cost-effectiveness outcomes among studies on breast cancer screening (BCS) programmes. No study to our knowledge has summarized the current e...

    Authors: O. Mandrik, O. I. Ekwunife, N. Zielonke, F. Meheus, J. L. Severens, S. K. Lhachimi and R. Murillo
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:122
  43. Anxiety and depression are common in young people and are associated with a range of adverse outcomes. Research has suggested a relationship between emotional disorder and poor school attendance, and thus poor...

    Authors: Katie Finning, Darren Moore, Obioha C. Ukoumunne, Emilia Danielsson-Waters and Tamsin Ford
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:121
  44. Cellular-based therapies represent a platform technology within the rapidly expanding field of regenerative medicine and are distinct from conventional therapeutics—offering a unique approach to managing what ...

    Authors: David Pettitt, Zeeshaan Arshad, Benjamin Davies, James Smith, Anna French, Doug Cole, Kim Bure, Sue Dopson, David DiGiusto, Jeff Karp, Brock Reeve, Richard Barker, Georg Holländer and David Brindley
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:120
  45. Network meta-analysis, a method to synthesise evidence from multiple treatments, has increased in popularity in the past decade. Two broad approaches are available to synthesise data across networks, namely, a...

    Authors: Amalia (Emily) Karahalios, Georgia Salanti, Simon L. Turner, G. Peter Herbison, Ian R. White, Areti Angeliki Veroniki, Adriani Nikolakopoulou and Joanne E. Mckenzie
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2017 6:119

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