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Page 26 of 33

  1. The consequences of opioid relapse among patients being treated with opioid substitution treatment (OST) are serious and can result in abnormal cardiovascular function, overdose, and mortality. Chronic pain is...

    Authors: Brittany B Dennis, Monica Bawor, James Paul, Michael Varenbut, Jeff Daiter, Carolyn Plater, Guillaume Pare, David C Marsh, Andrew Worster, Dipika Desai, Lehana Thabane and Zainab Samaan

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:49

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  2. Transfemoral cardiac catheterisation is an invasive medical procedure used for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes. Postoperative bed rest can prevent a number of complications such as bleeding and haematoma fo...

    Authors: Alberto Dal Molin, Fabrizio Faggiano, Fabio Bertoncini, Giulia Buratti, Erica Busca, Roberta Casarotto, Samanta Gaboardi and Elias Allara

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:47

    Content type: Protocol

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  3. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is considered to be closely associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), in which EBV-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) was found to have an oncogenic role. However, the resu...

    Authors: Vivaldo G da Costa, Ariany C Marques-Silva and Marcos L Moreli

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:46

    Content type: Research

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  4. Brief interventions (BIs) involve screening for alcohol misuse and providing feedback to patients about their use, with the aim of reducing alcohol consumption and related consequences. BIs have been implement...

    Authors: Caitlin J Davey, Meredith SH Landy, Amanda Pecora, David Quintero and Kelly E McShane

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:45

    Content type: Research

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  5. Chronic kidney disease affects approximately one in ten North Americans and is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease. Chronic kidney disease in women is characterized by an abnormal sex hormone...

    Authors: Sharanya Ramesh, Michelle C Mann, Jayna M Holroyd-Leduc, Stephen B Wilton, Matthew T James, Ellen W Seely and Sofia B Ahmed

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:44

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  6. Upper limb disability is a common musculoskeletal condition frequently associated with neck pain. Recent literature has reported the need to utilise validated upper limb outcome measures in the assessment and ...

    Authors: Ahmad Salah Eldin Alreni, Deborah Harrop, Anil Gumber and Sionnadh McLean

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:43

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  7. Depression is a common comorbidity in individuals with cognitive impairment. Those with cognitive impairments face unique challenges in receiving the benefits of many conventional therapies for depression, and...

    Authors: Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Yasmeen Mansoor, Naomi Ennis and David Lightfoot

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:42

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  8. Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a devastating disease that leads to important morbidity and mortality in a young patient population. Anemia following aSAH is common and may be exacerbated by the t...

    Authors: Shane W English, Michaël Chassé, Alexis F Turgeon, Alan Tinmouth, Amélie Boutin, Giuseppe Pagliarello, Dean Fergusson and Lauralyn McIntyre

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:41

    Content type: Protocol

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  9. The lifetime prevalence of major depression is estimated to affect 17% of the population and is considered the second largest health-care problem globally in terms of the number of years lived with disability....

    Authors: Jesper Krogh, Helene Speyer, Christian Gluud and Merete Nordentoft

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:40

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  10. Hitting a dental root during the insertion of orthodontic mini-implants (OMIs) is a common adverse effect of this intervention. This condition can permanently damage these structures and can cause implant inst...

    Authors: Reint Meursinge Reynders, Luisa Ladu, Laura Ronchi, Nicola Di Girolamo, Jan de Lange, Nia Roberts and Annette Plüddemann

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:39

    Content type: Protocol

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  11. Medical devices have improved the treatment of many medical conditions. Despite their benefit, the use of devices can lead to unintended incidents, potentially resulting in unnecessary harm, injury or complica...

    Authors: Julie Polisena, Anna Gagliardi, David Urbach, Tammy Clifford and Michelle Fiander

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:37

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. The United Kingdom (UK) and wider world are experiencing an obesity epidemic, with lower socio-economic groups disproportionately affected. Dietary quality is also socio-economically patterned, with an estimat...

    Authors: Susanna Mills, Martin White, Shannon Robalino, Wendy Wrieden, Heather Brown and Jean Adams

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:35

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  13. In the Western world, dietary supplements are commonly used to prevent chronic diseases, mainly cardiovascular disease and cancer. However, there is inconsistent evidence on which dietary supplements actually ...

    Authors: Lukas Schwingshackl, Georg Hoffmann, Brian Buijsse, Tamara Mittag, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Heiner Boeing, Marion Gottschald, Stefan Dietrich, Maria Arregui and Sofia Dias

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:34

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  14. The clinical presentation of panic disorder and panic attack overlaps many symptoms typically experienced in coronary heart disease (CHD). Etiological links between panic disorder and CHD are controversial and...

    Authors: Phillip J Tully, Gary A Wittert, Deborah A Turnbull, John F Beltrame, John D Horowitz, Suzanne Cosh and Harald Baumeister

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:33

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  15. Recognition that ascending infection leads to preterm birth has led to a number of studies that have evaluated the treatment of vaginal infections in pregnancy to reduce preterm birth rates. However, the role ...

    Authors: Christine L Roberts, Charles S Algert, Kristen L Rickard and Jonathan M Morris

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:31

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. A myocardial infarction (MI) (‘heart attack’) can be intensely stressful, and the impact of this event can leave patients with clinically significant post-MI stress symptoms. Untreated stress can make heart di...

    Authors: Jenny Jones, Paul Kane, Rob Polson, Stephen J Leslie, Nicholas J Hulbert-Williams, Sébastien Simard, Gozde Ozakinci and Gill Hubbard

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:10

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  17. Chiropractic care is a common treatment for low back pain (LBP). Previous studies have failed to clarify the relative cost-effectiveness of chiropractic care in comparison with other commonly used approaches b...

    Authors: Marc-André Blanchette, André Bussières, Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Jill Boruff and Pamela Harrison

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:30

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  18. Preoperative anemia is a common and potentially serious hematological problem in elective surgery and increases the risk for perioperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. Transfusion is associated with posto...

    Authors: Abdelsalam M Elhenawy, Steven R Meyer, Sean M Bagshaw, Roderick G MacArthur and Linda J Carroll

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:29

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  19. Individuals with chronic diseases may have difficulty optimizing their health and getting the care they need due to a combination of patient, provider, and health system level barriers. Patient navigator progr...

    Authors: Elizabeth Kelly, Noah Ivers, Rami Zawi, Lianne Barnieh, Braden Manns, Diane L Lorenzetti, David Nicholas, Marcello Tonelli, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Richard Lewanczuk, Alun Edwards, Ted Braun and Kerry A McBrien

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:28

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  20. Many parents consider fever a disease in itself and feel disempowered when their child is ill. Numerous guidelines have been produced; however, their target audience remains healthcare professionals and not ca...

    Authors: Maria Kelly, Laura J Sahm, Frances Shiely, Ronan O’Sullivan, Maria Brenner, Philip Larkin and Suzanne McCarthy

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:27

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  21. Health care decision makers often need to make decisions in limited timeframes and cannot await the completion of a full evidence review. Rapid reviews (RRs), utilizing streamlined systematic review methods, a...

    Authors: Julie Polisena, Chantelle Garritty, Chris Kamel, Adrienne Stevens and Ahmed M Abou-Setta

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:26

    Content type: Research

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  22. There is currently no mechanism in place outside of government to provide rapid syntheses of the best available research evidence about problems, options and/or implementation considerations related to a speci...

    Authors: Michael G Wilson, John N Lavis and Francois-Pierre Gauvin

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:25

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Indoor air pollution (IAP) interventions are widely promoted as a means of reducing indoor air pollution/health from solid fuel use; and research addressing impact of these interventions has increased substant...

    Authors: Reginald Quansah, Caroline A Ochieng, Sean Semple, Sanjar Juvekar, Jacques Emina, Frederick Ato Armah and Isaac Luginaah

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:22

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  24. Vortioxetine is the first mixed serotonin agonist and antagonist antidepressant approved in the US. We sought to evaluate all published and unpublished data available to determine the efficacy and harms of vor...

    Authors: Amanda S Meeker, Megan C Herink, Dean G Haxby and Daniel M Hartung

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:21

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. The aims of antenatal education are broad and encompass outcomes related to pregnancy, birth, and parenthood. Both form and content of antenatal education have changed over time without evidence of effects on ...

    Authors: Carina Sjöberg Brixval, Solveig Forberg Axelsen, Stine Glenstrup Lauemøller, Stig Krøger Andersen, Pernille Due and Vibeke Koushede

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of children and adolescents, with a significant impact on health services and the community in terms of ec...

    Authors: Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Amparo Núñez-Beltrán, Alain D Mayhew, Matthew J Page, Manuel Ridao, Aurelio Tobías, Miguel A Catalá, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos and David Moher

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:19

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  27. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in hemodialysis patients is high. While most hemodialysis patients are treated with activated vitamin D (1,25[OH]2D) to prevent renal osteodystrophy, clinical practices of t...

    Authors: Anita Mehrotra, Wai-Yin Leung and Tannia Joson

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:115

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Systematic Reviews 2015 4:106

  28. A peer-reviewed journal would not survive without the generous time and insightful comments of the reviewers, whose efforts often go unrecognized. Although final decisions are always editorial, they are greatl...

    Authors: David Moher, Paul Shekelle and Lesley A Stewart

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:94

    Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Systematic Reviews 2015 4:100

  29. Worldwide, approximately 12% of children under the age of 5 are either overweight or obese. As many young children spend 30 h or more per week in childcare centres with childcare educators. Targeting childcare...

    Authors: Stéphanie Ward, Mathieu Bélanger, Denise Donovan, Amanda Horsman and Natalie Carrier

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:18

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  30. Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) have been stressed as relevant targets of public health interventions considering the negative outcomes derived from their excessive intake. Though the evidence from published ...

    Authors: Elisa J Vargas-Garcia, Charlotte EL Evans and Janet E Cade

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:17

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  31. Mentorship is perceived as vital to attracting, training, and retaining nursing faculty members and to maintaining high-quality education programs. While there is emerging evidence to support the value of ment...

    Authors: Lorelli Nowell, Deborah E White, Kelly Mrklas and Jill M Norris

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:16

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  32. People with diabetic retinopathy tend to have lower levels of health-related quality of life than individuals with no retinopathy. Strategies for screening and treatment have been shown to be cost-effective. I...

    Authors: Christopher J Sampson, Jonathan C Tosh, Christopher P Cheyne, Deborah Broadbent and Marilyn James

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:15

    Content type: PROTOCOL

    Published on:

  33. Canada’s diverse society and its statutory commitment to multiculturalism means that a synthesis of knowledge related to the healthcare experiences of immigrants is essential to realise the health potential fo...

    Authors: Gina MA Higginbottom, Myfanwy Morgan, Mirande Alexandre, Yvonne Chiu, Joan Forgeron, Deb Kocay and Rubina Barolia

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Primary studies examining the accuracy of a continuous test evaluate its sensitivity and specificity at one or more thresholds. Meta-analysts then usually perform a separate meta-analysis for each threshold. H...

    Authors: Richard D Riley, Ikhlaaq Ahmed, Joie Ensor, Yemisi Takwoingi, Amanda Kirkham, R Katie Morris, J Pieter Noordzij and Jonathan J Deeks

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:12

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  35. Providing patient-centered care requires that patients partner in their personal health-care decisions to the full extent desired. Patient decision aids facilitate processes of shared decision-making between p...

    Authors: Holly O Witteman, Selma Chipenda Dansokho, Heather Colquhoun, Angela Coulter, Michèle Dugas, Angela Fagerlin, Anik MC Giguere, Sholom Glouberman, Lynne Haslett, Aubri Hoffman, Noah Ivers, France Légaré, Jean Légaré, Carrie Levin, Karli Lopez, Victor M Montori…

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:11

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  36. Strawberry diseases are a major limiting factor that severely impact plant agronomic performance. Regarding limitations of traditional techniques for detection of pathogens, researchers have developed specific...

    Authors: Seyed Mahyar Mirmajlessi, Marialaura Destefanis, Richard Alexander Gottsberger, Marika Mänd and Evelin Loit

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Despite criticism, quality improvement (QI) continues to drive political and educational priorities within health care. Until recently, QI educational interventions have varied, targeting mainly postgraduates,...

    Authors: Lorraine Armstrong, William Lauder and Ashley Shepherd

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:8

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  38. The aim of this rapid knowledge synthesis was to provide relevant research evidence to inform the implementation of a new health service in Nova Scotia, Canada: Collaborative Emergency Centres (CECs). CECs pro...

    Authors: Jill A Hayden, Lara Killian, Austin Zygmunt, Jessica Babineau, Ruth Martin-Misener, Jan L Jensen and Alix J Carter

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:7

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  39. A major problem arising from searching across bibliographic databases is the retrieval of duplicate citations. Removing such duplicates is an essential task to ensure systematic reviewers do not waste time scr...

    Authors: John Rathbone, Matt Carter, Tammy Hoffmann and Paul Glasziou

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. The large and growing number of published studies, and their increasing rate of publication, makes the task of identifying relevant studies in an unbiased way for inclusion in systematic reviews both complex a...

    Authors: Alison O’Mara-Eves, James Thomas, John McNaught, Makoto Miwa and Sophia Ananiadou

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Systematic Reviews 2015 4:59

  41. The rapid pace of modern life requires working-age women to juggle occupational, family, and social demands. Despite the large numbers of working-age women in developed countries and the proven benefits of reg...

    Authors: Jennifer L Reed, Stephanie A Prince, Christie A Cole, Kara A Nerenberg, Swapnil Hiremath, Heather E Tulloch, J George Fodor, Agnieszka Szczotka, Lisa A McDonnell, Kerri-Anne Mullen, Andrew L Pipe and Robert D Reid

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:3

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  42. Overweight and obesity, which have a substantial impact on health in the general population, have similar prevalence in solid organ transplant recipients but carry even more serious ramifications. As this grou...

    Authors: Sonja Beckmann, Nataša Ivanović, Gerda Drent, Todd Ruppar and Sabina De Geest

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:2

    Content type: Protocol

    Published on:

  43. Systematic reviews should build on a protocol that describes the rationale, hypothesis, and planned methods of the review; few reviews report whether a protocol exists. Detailed, well-described protocols can f...

    Authors: David Moher, Larissa Shamseer, Mike Clarke, Davina Ghersi, Alessandro Liberati, Mark Petticrew, Paul Shekelle and Lesley A Stewart

    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2015 4:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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