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  1. Early diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is important because antiretroviral therapies are more effective if infected individuals are diagnosed early. Diagnosis of HIV relies on laboratory testing...

    Authors: Benhildah N. Rumbwere Dube, Tom P. Marshall, Ronan P. Ryan and Modupe Omonijo
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:82
  2. Of various chronic diseases, low back pain (LBP) is the most common and debilitating musculoskeletal condition among older adults aged 65 years or older. While more than 17 million older adults in the USA suff...

    Authors: Arnold Y. L. Wong, Katarina Sjögren Forss, Jenny Jakobsson, Veronika Schoeb, Christine Kumlien and Gunilla Borglin
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:81
  3. Anemia continued to become a major public health problem in developing nations including Ethiopia. Especially, school children are more vulnerable for anemia and consequences of anemia. Generating accurate epi...

    Authors: Robel Tezera, Zekariyas Sahile, Delelegn Yilma, Equilnet Misganaw and Ermiyas Mulu
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:80
  4. Conducting a health technology assessment (HTA) of public health interventions (PHIs) poses some challenges. PHIs are often complex interventions, which affect the number and degree of interactions of the aspe...

    Authors: Tim Mathes, Gerald Willms, Stephanie Polus, Constance Stegbauer, Melanie Messer, Corinna Klingler, Heidi Ehrenreich, Dea Niebuhr, Georg Marckmann, Ansgar Gerhardus and Dawid Pieper
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:79
  5. Needle-related procedures are the most important source of pain in children in hospital setting. Unmanaged pain could result in short- and long-term physiological, psychological, and emotional consequences. Al...

    Authors: Ariane Ballard, Christelle Khadra, Samara Adler, Evelyne Doyon-Trottier and Sylvie Le May
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:78
  6. Systematic reviews (SR) are vital to health care, but have become complicated and time-consuming, due to the rapid expansion of evidence to be synthesised. Fortunately, many tasks of systematic reviews have th...

    Authors: Elaine Beller, Justin Clark, Guy Tsafnat, Clive Adams, Heinz Diehl, Hans Lund, Mourad Ouzzani, Kristina Thayer, James Thomas, Tari Turner, Jun Xia, Karen Robinson and Paul Glasziou
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:77
  7. Adult brachial plexus injuries (BPI) are becoming more common. The reconstruction and prognosis of pre-ganglionic injuries (root avulsions) are different to other types of BPI injury. Preoperative magnetic res...

    Authors: Ryckie G. Wade, Yemisi Takwoingi, Justin C. R. Wormald, John P. Ridgway, Steven Tanner, James J. Rankine and Grainne Bourke
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:76
  8. There will be a lack of 18 million healthcare workers by 2030. Multiplying the number of well-trained healthcare workers through innovative ways such as eLearning is highly recommended in solving this shortage...

    Authors: Gloria C. Law, Christian Apfelbacher, Pawel P. Posadzki, Sandra Kemp and Lorainne Tudor Car
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:75
  9. Hearing loss is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide, with greater than 20% of Canadian adults having measurable hearing loss in at least one ear. Patients with hearing loss experience impaired qu...

    Authors: Nadera Ahmadzai, Shaun Kilty, Dianna Wolfe, Jamie Bonaparte, David Schramm, Elizabeth Fitzpatrick, Vincent Lin, Wei Cheng, Becky Skidmore, David Moher and Brian Hutton
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:74
  10. Exertional lower body musculoskeletal injuries (ELBI) cost billions of dollars and compromise the readiness and job performance of military service and public safety workers (i.e., tactical populations). The p...

    Authors: Shawn D. Flanagan, Aaron M. Sinnott, Kellen T. Krajewski, Caleb D. Johnson, Shawn R. Eagle, Alice D. LaGoy, Meaghan E. Beckner, Anne Z. Beethe, Rose Turner, Mita Lovalekar, Courtenay Dunn-Lewis, Chris Connaboy and Bradley C. Nindl
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:73
  11. Organizational contextual features have been recognized as important determinants for implementing evidence-based practices across healthcare settings for over a decade. However, implementation scientists have...

    Authors: Shelly-Anne Li, Lianne Jeffs, Melanie Barwick and Bonnie Stevens
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:72
  12. Pharmacist counselling is an important service that has been associated with improved outcomes. The primary aim of this review was to identify, describe, and determine the effectiveness of interventions for im...

    Authors: Sinaa Al Aqeel, Norah Abanmy, Hiba AlShaya and Albatoul Almeshari
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:71
  13. Cryptosporidium is a protozoan parasite of humans and other animals worldwide and is one of the greatest contributors to human diarrhoeal illness. Transmission can occur indirectly via contaminated food or water,...

    Authors: Caoimhe McKerr, Sarah J. O’Brien, Rachel M. Chalmers, Roberto Vivancos and Robert M. Christley
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:70
  14. To investigate the use of physical activity monitors (PAMs) for the elderly, the scientific literature should be systematically reviewed and the effect quantified, as the evidence seems inconclusive.

    Authors: Rasmus Tolstrup Larsen, Jan Christensen, Carsten Bogh Juhl, Henning Boje Andersen and Henning Langberg
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:69
  15. Health information is readily accessible but is of variable quality. General knowledge about how to assess whether claims about health interventions are trustworthy is not common, so people’s health decisions ...

    Authors: Leila Cusack, Chris B. Del Mar, Iain Chalmers, Elizabeth Gibson and Tammy C. Hoffmann
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:68
  16. People with a mental illness experience a higher morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases relative to the general population. A higher prevalence of risk behaviours, including tobacco smoking, poor nutrit...

    Authors: Caitlin Fehily, Kate Bartlem, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden, Timothy Regan, Julia Dray, Jacqueline Bailey and Jenny Bowman
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:67
  17. Implementation science is the study of strategies used to integrate evidence-based practices into real-world settings (Eccles and Mittman, Implement Sci. 1(1):1, 2006). Central to the identification of replica...

    Authors: Cara C. Lewis, Kayne D. Mettert, Caitlin N. Dorsey, Ruben G. Martinez, Bryan J. Weiner, Elspeth Nolen, Cameo Stanick, Heather Halko and Byron J. Powell
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:66
  18. Transportation interventions seek to decrease delay in reaching a health facility for emergency obstetric care and are, thus, believed to contribute to reductions in such adverse pregnancy and childbirth outco...

    Authors: John Ehiri, Halimatou Alaofè, Ibitola Asaolu, Joy Chebet, Ekpereonne Esu and Martin Meremikwu
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:65
  19. Previous research shows that many authors of Cochrane overviews were also involved in some of the included systematic reviews (SRs). This type of dual (co-)authorship (DCA) may be a conflict of interest and a ...

    Authors: Dawid Pieper, Andreas Waltering, Jakob Holstiege and Roland Brian Büchter
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:63
  20. In the context of rising dementia prevalence, the workload of general practitioners (GPs) in dementia care is set to increase. However, there are many aspects of dementia care that GPs find challenging. Behavi...

    Authors: Aisling A. Jennings, Tony Foley, Kieran A. Walsh, Alice Coffey, John P. Browne and Colin P. Bradley
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:62
  21. Three types of central venous access devices (CVADs)—peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs), skin-tunnelled central catheters (Hickman-type devices), and implantable chest wall Ports (Ports)—are routi...

    Authors: Caoimhe Ryan, Hannah Hesselgreaves, Olivia Wu, Jim Paul, Judith Dixon-Hughes and Jonathan G. Moss
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:61
  22. Nearly 15% of all pregnancies end in fatal perinatal obstetric complications including bleeding, infections, hypertension, obstructed labor, and complications of abortion. Between 1990 and 2015, an estimated 1...

    Authors: Ayele Geleto, Catherine Chojenta, Abdulbasit Mussa and Deborah Loxton
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:60
  23. We investigated whether information in ClinicalTrials.gov would impact the conclusions of five ongoing systematic reviews.

    Authors: Gaelen P. Adam, Stacey Springs, Thomas Trikalinos, John W. Williams Jr, Jennifer L. Eaton, Megan Von Isenburg, Jennifer M. Gierisch, Lisa M. Wilson, Karen A. Robinson, Meera Viswanathan, Jennifer Cook Middleton, Valerie L. Forman-Hoffman, Elise Berliner and Robert M. Kaplan
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:59
  24. Mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is prevalent amongst athletic and non-athletic populations with pain, stiffness and impaired function typically reported. While different management options exist, loadin...

    Authors: Myles Murphy, Mervyn Travers and William Gibson
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:58
  25. Depression and anxiety symptoms are reported to be common among university students in many regions of the world and impact on quality of life and academic attainment. The extent of the problem of depression a...

    Authors: James January, Munyaradzi Madhombiro, Shalote Chipamaunga, Sunanda Ray, Alfred Chingono and Melanie Abas
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:57
  26. Despite a decline in child and adult smoking prevalence, young people who smoke (even occasionally) can rapidly become addicted to nicotine, with most adult smokers initiating smoking before they are 18. Schoo...

    Authors: Fiona Dobbie, Kathryn Angus, Hannah Littlecott, Karen Allum, Valerie Wells, Amanda Amos, Sally Haw and Linda Bauld
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:56
  27. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 emphasises on reducing neonatal deaths caused by low birth weight (LBW) complications by the implementation and utilisation of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) in low- and mi...

    Authors: Christina T. Mathias, Solange Mianda and Themba G. Ginindza
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:55
  28. Childhood obesity is a major global public health problem, with governments increasingly having to undertake various strategies to reduce excess weight in their populations. Considering the increasing number o...

    Authors: Mandana Zanganeh, Peymane Adab, Bai Li and Emma Frew
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:54
  29. Caring for patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) presents unique challenges, due in part to the severity of the underlying insult, competing systemic injuries, and unpredictable clinical course. Even whe...

    Authors: Shaurya Taran, Vatsal Trivedi, Jeffrey M. Singh, Shane W. English and Victoria A. McCredie
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:53
  30. Heart failure (HF) in pediatric populations is a major public health concern. It is associated with high rates of hospital admissions, disability, and mortality in high-income countries (HIC), but its burden i...

    Authors: Aurélie T. Sibetcheu, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Ulrich Flore Nyaga, Jean Joël Bigna and Jean Jacques Noubiap
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:52
  31. There is heterogeneity among obese individuals, as some appear to have healthier metabolic profiles and decreased health risks. These individuals are defined as metabolically healthy obese (MHO), whilst those ...

    Authors: E. M. Robson, S. Costa, M. Hamer and W. Johnson
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:50
  32. The high impact of a cancer diagnosis on patients and their families and the increasing costs of cancer treatment call for optimal and efficient oncological care. To improve the quality of care and to minimize...

    Authors: Jolanda C. van Hoeve, Robin W. M. Vernooij, Adegboyega K. Lawal, Michelle Fiander, Peter Nieboer, Sabine Siesling and Thomas Rotter
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:49
  33. The correct title of the article [1] should be “Integrating multiple data sources (MUDS) for meta-analysis to improve patient-centered outcomes research: a protocol”.

    Authors: Evan Mayo-Wilson, Susan Hutfless, Tianjing Li, Gillian Gresham, Nicole Fusco, Jeffrey Ehmsen, James Heyward, Swaroop Vedula, Diana Lock, Jennifer Haythornthwaite, Jennifer L. Payne, Theresa Cowley, Elizabeth Tolbert, Lori Rosman, Claire Twose, Elizabeth A. Stuart…
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:48

    The original article was published in Systematic Reviews 2015 4:143

  34. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with antiretrovirals is an efficacious and effective intervention to decrease the risk of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) acquisition. Yet drug and delivery costs prohibit ac...

    Authors: Kednapa Thavorn, Howsikan Kugathasan, Darrell H. S. Tan, Nasheed Moqueet, Stefan D. Baral, Becky Skidmore, Derek MacFadden, Anna Simkin and Sharmistha Mishra
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:47
  35. DNA methylation (global and gene-specific) has been reported as an epigenetic mechanism that could be involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Furthermore, epigenetic therapy has been s...

    Authors: Tinashe Mutize, Zibusiso Mkandla and Bongani B. Nkambule
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:46
  36. Machine learning tools can expedite systematic review (SR) processes by semi-automating citation screening. Abstrackr semi-automates citation screening by predicting relevant records. We evaluated its performa...

    Authors: Allison Gates, Cydney Johnson and Lisa Hartling
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:45
  37. Technology has been implemented since the 1970s with the hope of improving glycaemic control and reducing the burden of complications for those living with type 1 diabetes. A clinical and cost-effectiveness co...

    Authors: Anthony Pease, Clement Lo, Arul Earnest, Danny Liew and Sophia Zoungas
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:44
  38. Epidemiology and the reporting characteristics of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) are well known. However, no study has analyzed the influence of protocol features on the probability that a st...

    Authors: Juan Ruano, Francisco Gómez-García, Jesús Gay-Mimbrera, Macarena Aguilar-Luque, José Luis Fernández-Rueda, Jesús Fernández-Chaichio, Patricia Alcalde-Mellado, Pedro J. Carmona-Fernandez, Juan Luis Sanz-Cabanillas, Isabel Viguera-Guerra, Francisco Franco-García, Manuel Cárdenas-Aranzana, José Luis Hernández Romero, Marcelino Gonzalez-Padilla, Beatriz Isla-Tejera and Antonio Velez Garcia-Nieto
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:43
  39. Rapid response teams have been widely adopted across the world. Although evidence for their efficacy is not clear, they remain a popular means to detect and react to patient deterioration. This may in part be ...

    Authors: Michael K. Xu, Kathleen G. Dobson, Lehana Thabane and Alison E. Fox-Robichaud
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:42
  40. Digital storytelling is an arts-based research method with potential to elucidate complex narratives in a compelling manner, increase participant engagement, and enhance the meaning of research findings. This ...

    Authors: Kendra L. Rieger, Christina H. West, Amanda Kenny, Rishma Chooniedass, Lisa Demczuk, Kim M. Mitchell, Joanne Chateau and Shannon D. Scott
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:41
  41. Despite the existence of human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccines with demonstrated safety and effectiveness and funded HPV vaccination programs, coverage rates are persistently lower and cervical cancer burden hi...

    Authors: Kelly J. Mrklas, Shannon MacDonald, Melissa A. Shea-Budgell, Nancy Bedingfield, Heather Ganshorn, Sarah Glaze, Lea Bill, Bonnie Healy, Chyloe Healy, Juliet Guichon, Amy Colquhoun, Christopher Bell, Ruth Richardson, Rita Henderson, James Kellner, Cheryl Barnabe…
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:40
  42. Overviews of systematic reviews are a relatively new approach to synthesising evidence, and research methods and associated guidance are developing. Within this paper we aim to help readers understand key issu...

    Authors: Harriet Hunt, Alex Pollock, Pauline Campbell, Lise Estcourt and Ginny Brunton
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:39
  43. Health behaviors directly impact the health of individuals, and populations. Since individuals tend to engage in multiple unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, excessive alcohol use, physical inactivity, and ea...

    Authors: Nadia Minian, Wayne K. deRuiter, Mathangee Lingam, Tricia Corrin, Rosa Dragonetti, Heather Manson, Valerie H. Taylor, Laurie Zawertailo, Arezoo Ebnahmady, Osnat C. Melamed, Terri Rodak, Margaret Hahn and Peter Selby
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:38
  44. In South Africa (home of the largest HIV epidemic globally), there are high levels of mobility. While studies produced in the recent past provide useful perspectives to the mobility-HIV risk linkage, systemati...

    Authors: Armstrong Dzomba, Kaymarlin Govender, Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson and Frank Tanser
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:37
  45. Physical activity has been cited as a potential symptomatic treatment option for people living with dementia. At present, much of the research concerning physical activity and dementia considers older adults, ...

    Authors: Chloe Rodgers, David Rogerson, Judy Stevenson and Davina Porock
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:36
  46. While effective engagement of patients and families in treatment is increasingly viewed as a priority for many healthcare systems, much remains to be learned about the nature and outcomes of approaches that se...

    Authors: Donna Goodridge, Chrysanthus Henry, Erin Watson, Meghan McDonald, Lucia New, Elizabeth L. Harrison, Murray Scharf, Erika Penz, Steve Campbell and Thomas Rotter
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:35
  47. Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is defined as worsening of renal function after the administration of iodinated contrast material. In patients with cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, and/or ...

    Authors: Swapnil Hiremath, Jeanne Françoise Kayibanda, Benjamin J. W. Chow, Dean Fergusson, Greg A. Knoll, Wael Shabana, Brianna Lahey, Olivia McBride, Alexandra Davis and Ayub Akbari
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:34
  48. The benefits of trauma registries have been well described. The crucial data they provide may guide injury prevention strategies, inform resource allocation, and support advocacy and policy. This has been show...

    Authors: Tiffany Paradis, Etienne St-Louis, Tara Landry and Dan Poenaru
    Citation: Systematic Reviews 2018 7:33

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