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Table 3 Chronic medical conditions targeted in systematic reviews, intervention modalities, and reported outcomes by intervention type

From: Patient engagement strategies for adults with chronic conditions: an evidence map

Interventions
(no. of reviews)*
Clinical focus
(no. of reviews)
Outcomes reported
(no. of reviews)
Intervention modality
(no. of reviews)
Self-management education and support (85) - Multiple conditions** (9)
- Mix of conditions included (22)
- Diabetes (34)
-CVD and hypertension (23)
- Respiratory (27)
- Cancer or cancer screening (12)
- Mental health (12)
- Other (23)
- Chronic disease clinical outcomes (56)
- Decisional support outcome (3)
- Health care utilization (18)
- Medication or self-management adherence (65)
- Mortality (2)
- Patient satisfaction/experience (20)
- Quality of life (38)
- Community health worker/patient navigator (1)
- Education/counseling (11)
- Mobile health (15)
- Nurse/case managers (24)
- Patient portal (8)
- Peer/lay support (7)
- Team-based care (1)
- Telehealth (3)
- Multiple modalities (13)
- Multiple technologies (12)
- Other technology (3)
- Other (2)
SDM(43) - Multiple conditions**(5)
- Mix of conditions included (11)
- Diabetes (4)
- CVD and hypertension (2)
- Respiratory (2)
- Cancer or cancer screening (13)
- Mental health (4)
- Other (8)
- Chronic disease clinical outcomes (13)
- Decisional support outcome (36)
- Health care utilization (4)
- Medication or self-management adherence (18)
- Mortality (0)
- Patient satisfaction/experience (22)
- Quality of life (15)
- Education/counseling (16)
- Mobile health (1)
- Nurse/case managers (10)
- Patient portal (2)
- Telehealth (1)
- Multiple modalities (13)
- Multiple technologies (2)
- Other technology (8)
- Other (8)
Other (10) - Multiple conditions** (1)
- Mix of conditions included (2)
- Diabetes (2)
- CVD and hypertension (2)
- Respiratory (2)
- Cancer or cancer screening (0)
- Mental health (1)
- Other (2)
- Chronic disease clinical outcomes (4)
- Decisional support outcome (2)
- Health care utilization (3)
- Medication or self-management adherence (2)
- Mortality (2)
- Patient satisfaction/experience (2)
- Quality of life (6)
- Education/counseling (6) - Nurse/case managers (2)
- Peer/lay support (2)
- Multiple modalities (5)
- Other technology (1)
- Other (3)
  1. *Six reviews addressed more than one intervention type; **Multiple conditions refer to reviews of patients who have multimorbidity/comorbidity, CVD = cardiovascular disease