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Table 2 Four initial urban health paradigms

From: Protocol for a meta-narrative review on research paradigms addressing the urban built environment and human health

  Medical-industrial city Urban health science Healthy built environments Health social movements
Main concept The healthcare industry is a main driver for urban growth and development. Production of evidence that reveal and confirm causal relationships between the built environment and health. Influencing the planning system to integrate health to urban planning decisions. Empowering the community and value-based decision-making for healthy cities.
Related disciplines and fields Business, urban planning, development, economics Public health, epidemiology, population health, implementation science Urban planning, urban design, land-use planning Health promotion, community development, social justice, sociology