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Table 2 Communication strategies of the included studies

From: Communication strategies in the prevention of type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes in vulnerable groups: a scoping review

Study Setting Methods/vulnerable group Communication strategy Categorya
Bender et al., 2018 [20] USA, California, San Francisco Intervention/migrants Fit&Trim DPP-based intervention with mobile technology ADPP + TA
Blanks et al., 2016 [35] USA, South Carolina, Columbia Intervention/ethnic group “I am Women” DPP (based on the National Diabetes Education Program) via CHW ADPP + CHW
Bolin et al., 2013 [39] USA, South-Texas Mixed methods/ethnic group Bilingual, computerized touchscreen diabetes education kiosk (Diosk) designed to provide “on-demand” education TA
Borelli et al., 2018 [21] USA, California, Oxnard Protocol/migrants Five-step lifestyle intervention in workplace environment with additional, voluntary activities ADPP
Castro-Rivas et al., 2014 [22] USA, New, York, South Bronx Focus groups /migrants Focus group was asked about possible interventions and strategies on how to prevent diabetes ADPP
Chang et al., 2014. [40] USA, Michigan RCT/LSES Intervention with culturally tailored video lessons TA
Fischer et al., 2016 [36] USA, Texas, Denver RCT/migrants Bilingual text messages relating to nutrition, physical activity, and motivation ADPP + CHW + TA
Fontil et al., 2016 [41] USA, California, San Francisco Feasibility study/LSES Digital health diabetes prevention and management program ADPP + TA
Ford et al., 2009 [23] USA, Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh Review/ethnic group Review on health promotion and disease prevention in African American community ADPP
Fukuoka et al., 2018 [42] USA, California, San Francisco Intervention/migrants Weight loss intervention using a commercial mobile application ADPP + TA
Gary-Webb et al., 2018 [24] USA, New York Focus groups/LSES Adaptation of the NDPP for men with a low socioeconomic status. ADPP
Gutierrez et al., 2014 [25] USA, New York, Harlem and Bronx Intervention/ethnic group Fine, Fit, and Fabulous: faith-based DPP ADPP
Hall et al., 2016 [26] USA, n.a. Review/ethnic group Culturally tailored DPP ADPP
Handley et al., 2016 [43] USA, California, San Francisco and Sonoma County Focus groups/migrants Health literacy-tailored health IT tool delivering DPP content ADPP + TA
Harvey et al., 2009 [37] USA, Michigan, Detroit Intervention/ethnic group CHW preventive information through house parties CHW
Kato et al., 2018 [44] Japan, Nagoya Protocol/older people Lifestyle intervention using Internet of Things TA
Kim et al., 2018 [45] USA, California, Los Angeles Intervention/LSES Language-and-literacy adapted digital DPP ADPP + TA
Newton et al., 2019 [27] USA, California, Los Angeles RCT/ethnic group Aerobic plus resistance training ADPP
Nicolaou et al., 2013 [28] Netherlands, The Hague Review/migrants The “DH!AAN” intervention consisted of culturally targeted lifestyle counseling using motivational interviewing targeting physical activity and diet, conducted by dieticians ADPP
Ruggiero et al., 2011 [29] USA, Illinois Intervention/migrants Community-based translation of the DDP ADPP + CWH
Siddiqui et al., 2018 [30] Sweden, Malmö RCT/migrants Adapted lifestyle intervention to increased physical activity and improved food habits ADPP
Vincent et al., 2014 [31] USA, Arizona, Tucson metropolitan area RCT/ethnic group Culturally tailored, community-based DPP for Spanish speaking adults of Mexican descent ADPP
Walker et al., 2018 [32] USA, New York Intervention/LSES ADPP (based on NDPP) for men from disadvantaged, urban neighborhoods (Power Up for Health) ADPP
Whittemore et al., 2014 [38] USA, Connecticut Mixed methods/people in need of care ADPP in public housing communities. ADPP + CHW
  1. ADPP adapted Diabetes Prevention Program, CHW community health worker, DPP Diabetes Prevention Program, LSES low socioeconomic status, n.a. not applicable, NDPP National Diabetes Prevention Program, TA technical approach, RCT randomized controlled trial
  2. aThe main focus of the study is shown in bold