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Table 4 Characteristics of cohort studies for occupational exposures to dioxins

From: Association between occupational exposures and sarcoma incidence and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis

Author/ Year Region/country Exposure period Follow-up period Age/gender Study cohort Reference cohort
Kogevinas et al., 1997 [51] 12 countries 1939–1992 1939–1992 Female/male 21,863 workers in 36 cohorts with substantial exposure to dioxins National mortality rates
Steenland et al., 1999 [52] United States (US) 1942–1984 Trough 1993 Female/male 5132 workers at 12 US plants producing 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) contaminated chemicals, including Agent Orange US population
Bodner et al., 2003 [53] US 1940–1984 1940–1995 Male Dow Chemical Company cohort of 2187 male dioxin exposed workers US population
Collins et al., 2009 [54] Michigan, US 1942–1982 1942–2003 Female/male 1615 workers working > 1 days in a department with potential TCDD exposure US population