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Table 3 Relative risk estimates for COVID-19 infection outcomes, sexes, by country (reference: male sex)

From: Effect modification of the association between comorbidities and severe course of COVID-19 disease by age of study participants: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Country Source Date State change Age group Relative risk (95%CI)
Italy ISS 20.05.2020 Infection to death <50 3.3 (2.6–4.2)
50–69 3.0 (2.8–3.2)
70+ 1.7 (1.7–1.8)
Spain ISCIII 21.05.2020 Infection to hospitalisation <50 2.0 (1.9–2.0)
50–69 1.7 (1.7–1.7)
70+ 1.5 (1.5–1.5)
Hospitalisation to death <50 1.8 (0.3–12.5)
50–69 1.6 (1.5–1.7)
70+ 1.0 (1.0–1.1)
Infection to death <50 2.9 (2.3–2.7)
50–69 2.7 (2.5–2.9)
70+ 1.6 (1.5–1.6)
England Public Health England 20.05.2020 Infection to death <50 2.6 (2.2–3.0)
50–69 2.0 (1.9–2.1)
70+ 1.3 (1.3–1.4)
Belgium Sciensano 20.05.2020 Infection to death <50 4.2 (3.0–5.9)
50–69 2.3 (2.0–2.7)
70+ 1.6 (1.6–1.7)