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Table 3 Inclusion/exclusion criteria—phase 2 theory-testing searches. Note: where concept B ‘PROMs’ is utilised in the theory-testing searches, all studies not relating to PROMs will be excluded as per the previous searches outlined in Table 2

From: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) use in post-stroke patient care and clinical practice: a realist synthesis protocol

Inclusion Exclusion
Study has a population clinically diagnosed with any or a mixture of the following conditions: cerebral infarction, non-traumatic intracerebral haemorrhage. Study population solely focuses on any of the following conditions: transient ischaemic attack (TIA), traumatic brain injury, hypoxic brain injury, subarachnoid haemorrhage.
Study population consists of adult stroke survivors at any period post-clinical diagnosis. Study consists of a paediatric stroke population.
Studies focused on routine clinical practice or care at the micro- and/or meso-levels. (incl. pragmatic studies) Studies concentrating on the development of PROs or tools related to the IRPT.
IRPT at the level of the individual, e.g. shared decision-making between a clinician and patient. Studies concentrating on secondary testing or comparative testing of PROs or tools related to the IRPT.
Interpretation and or feedback of the PROM or tools related to the IRPT necessary. Studies concentrating on the psychometric properties of PROs or tools related to the IRPT (e.g. validity and reliability).
All study designs. Studies involving the aggregation of individual scores from PROs or tools related to the IRPT.
English language or high-quality translation available. Studies in which the scores of PROMs or tools related to the IRPT are an outcome of a research study, including the evaluation of an intervention or observational research exploring trends in domains such as quality of life.
  Any secondary research studies including literature reviews, comments, editorials, etc. (this type of study design is reserved for phase 1: theory building. However, secondary sources will be followed for the purpose of discovering further primary sources.)
  Date of publication pre 01/01/00 due to the significant changes to stroke care and services.