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Table 1 Eligibility criteria using the PICOTSS (Patients, Interventions, Comparators, Outcomes, Timing, Setting, and Study Design) format

From: Massage therapy in infants and children under 5 years of age: protocol for an overview of systematic reviews

Patients
 • Infants and children aged < 5 years
Intervention
 • Massage therapy
Comparators
 • Waitlist control
 • Placebo
 • Positive controls
 • Pharmacological treatments
 • Combinations of treatments
 • Usual care
 • Standard care
Outcomes
 • Children
  ▪ Physical outcomes (e.g. pain assessment, pulse rate, length of hospital admission, readmission)
  ▪ Psychosocial outcomes (e.g. anxiety, depression, insomnia, fears, behavioural regression)
  ▪ Developmental outcomes (e.g. weight gain, intelligence, ability of learning knowledge)
 • Caregivers
  ▪ Physical outcomes (e.g. blood pressure)
  ▪ Psychological outcomes (e.g. economic pressure, anxiety, depression)
 • Safety of interventions
  ▪ All adverse events (e.g. an increase in anxiety after receiving an intervention, high drop-out rate)
Timing
 • Studies of any duration
Setting
 • Studies of any setting
Study design
 • Systematic reviews with randomised controlled trials