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Table 2 Coding of entry points into collaborations

From: Why do some inter-organisational collaborations in healthcare work when others do not? A realist review

Number Entry point Explanation and sub-elements Source(s)
1 Funding, resource, efficiency concerns Need to partner to avoid financial or resource shortfall Cereste et al. [48]; Dickinson and Glasby [1]; Fulop [93]; Gaynor et al. [38]
2 Existing interdependence A natural evolution of existing collaborative arrangements Douglas [49]; What Works Scotland [35]
3 Threats from competitors or markets Partnering to avoid loss of competitiveness/autonomy Murray et al. [47]
4 Market opportunities Partnering to secure an advantage in the marketplace Murray et al. [47]
5 Policy directives Mandated partnering from governmental sources, e.g. buddying from special measures, forced acquisition/merger Fulop et al. [22]; What Works Scotland [35]; Gaynor et al. [38]; Lim [55]; Hunter and Perkins [61]
6 Innovation Desire to partner with a specific goal in mind that cannot be achieved in current organisational form Hudson et al. [52]; Hunter and Perkins [61]