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Table 2 Meta-analysis on the relationship between obesity, overweight, and BMI and incidence of urinary cancer

From: Associating the risk of three urinary cancers with obesity and overweight: an overview with evidence mapping of systematic reviews

Cancer type Overweight Obesity Per 5 kg/m2 Per 1 kg/m2
RR (95% CI) Combined RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) Combined RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) Combined RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) Combined RR (95% CI)
Bladder Sun et al. [23] 1.07 (1.01, 1.14)
Zhao et al. [24] 1.03 (0.95, 1.11)
Al-Zalabani et al. 1.07 (0.99, 1.16)
Xue et al. [40] 1.09 (1.01, 1.17)
1.07 (1.03, 1.1) Qin [22] 1.1 (1.06, 1.16)
Zhao et al. [24] 1.1 (1.03, 1.17)
Sun at al [23]. 1.1 (1.06, 1.14)
Al-Zalabani et al. [40] 1.1 (1.03, 1.18)
Xue et al. [46] 1.48 (0.89, 2.45)
1.1 (1.07, 1.13) Zhao et al. [24] 1.03 (1.01, 1.06)
Fang et al. [39] 1.03 (1, 1.07)
1.03 (1, 1.06) Bergström at al [44]. 1.03 (1, 1.06) 1.03 (1, 1.06)
Kidney Wang et al. [29] 1.28 (1.24, 1.33)
Daphne et al. [38] 1.55 (1.47, 1.63)
Xue et al. [46] 1.34 (1.11, 1.62)
Wang et al. [29] 1.31 (1.23, 1.4)
Liu et al. [49] 1.35 (1.27, 1.43)
1.37 (1.26, 1.48) Wang et al. [29] 1.77 (1.68, 1.87)
Daphne et al. [38] 2.2 (1.53, 3.16)
Xue et al. [46] 1.76 (1.47, 2.1), Wang et al. [47] 1.71 (1.53, 1.93)
Dobbins et al. [48] 1.67 (1.55, 1.79)
Liu et al. [49] 1.76 (1.61, 1.91)
1.68 (1.47, 1.92) Wang et al. [41] 1.25 (1.17, 1.33)
Fang et al. [39] 1.2 (1.16, 1.25)
Renehan et al. [43] 1.29 (1.2, 1.39)
Daphne et al. [38] 1.22 (1.16, 1.28)
1.24 (1.2, 1.28) Bergström et al. [26] 1.07 (1.04, 1.09)
Wang et al. [29] 1.04 (1.03, 1.05)
Bergström et al. [44] 1.06 (1.05, 1.34)
1.05 (1.03, 1.08)
Prostate Daphne et al. [38] 1 (0.95, 1.06) Harrison et al. [51] 0.99 (0.91, 1.08) 1 (0.93, 1.07) Daphne et al. [38] 1.14 (1, 1.31) Harrison et al. [51] 0.90 (0.81, 1.01) 1.02 (0.91, 1.13) Discacciati et al. [32] 1.03 (0.99, 1.06) MacInnis et al. [34] 1.05 (1.01, 1.08)
Xie et al. [35] 1.07 (1.03, 1.12)
Fang et al. [39] 1.01 (0.98, 1.03)
Wang et al. [41] 1.03 (1.01, 1.05)
Robinson et al. [42] 1.08 (0.97, 1.9)
Dobbins et al. [48] 1.06 (0.99, 1.14)
Harrison et al. [51]e 0.99 (0.96, 1.02)
Berger et al. [52] 1.02 (0.94, 1.11)
1.02 (1.01, 1.03) Bergström at al [44]. 1.01 (1, 1.02)