Skip to main content

Table 3 Accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of default algorithms for each de-duplication method, presented with 95% confidence intervals

From: Considerations for conducting systematic reviews: evaluating the performance of different methods for de-duplicating references

  Accuracy Sensitivity Specificity
Ovid multifile search 0.97 (0.96, 0.98) 0.93 (0.91, 0.94) 1.00 (0.99, 1.00)
EndNote X9 0.76 (0.75, 0.78) 0.57 (0.54, 0.60) 0.89 (0.88, 0.90)
Mendeley 0.93 (0.92, 0.94) 0.84 (0.82, 0.86) 0.99 (0.986, 0.995)
Zotero 0.80 (0.79, 0.82) 0.52 (0.49, 0.54) 0.99 (0.98, 0.993)
Covidence 0.96 (0.95, 0.97) 0.90 (0.89, 0.92) 1.00 (0.996, 1.00)
Rayyan 0.97 (0.96, 0.974) 0.96 (0.95, 0.97) 0.97 (0.96, 0.98)