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Table 2 Quality assessment of reports on intervention theories of change

From: Theories of change for e-health interventions targeting HIV/STIs and sexual risk, substance use and mental ill health amongst men who have sex with men: systematic review and synthesis

Intervention name Clear pathways from intervention components to outcomes Constructs or concepts clearly defined Clearly describes how constructs are inter-related Clearly explains mechanisms underlying inter-relationships between constructs Engages with how mechanisms and outcomes might vary by context Initial agreement between reviewers (%)
China – Gate HIV Prevention Programme Online Intervention (no name)
Cheng [59]
Y Y N N N 100
Cognitive Vaccine Approach
Davidovich [70]
Y Y Y Y Y 100
Gay Cruise
Kok [73]
Y Y N N N 20
HealthMindr
Sullivan [84]
N N N N N 80
Jones [66] Y Y Y N N 80
Hot and Safe M4M (website name)
Carpenter [68]
Y N Y N N 60
Internet-Based Safer Sex Intervention (no name)
Milam [76]
N N N N N 100
Keep it Up!
Mustanski [77]
N Y N N N 80
Greene [71] Y Y N N N 80
Mustanski [79] N N N N N 80
Mustanski [80] N N N N N 100
Madkins [64] N Y N N N 80
myDEx
Bauermeister [55]
N Y Y Y Y 100
Bauermeister [2019] Y Y Y N Y 100
MOTIVES
Linnemayr [74]
Y N N N Y 60
MyPEEPS Mobile
Kuhns [88]
N Y N N N 80
Online Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (no name)
Avellar [58]
Y Y N N N 60
People Like Us
Tan [65]
N Y N N N 100
Queer Sex Ed
Mustanski [78]
N Y Y N N 60
Rainbow SPARX
Lucassen [75]
Y Y N N N 100
Role-Playing Game
Coulter [62]
Y Y Y N N 80
Safe Behaviour and Screening
Chiou [61]
N Y N N N 100
Sex Positive!
Hirshfield [72]
Y Y N N N 80
Hirshfield [63] N N N N N 100
Sexpulse
Rosser [82]
N N N N N 80
Wilkerson [86] N N N N N 0
Smartphone Self-Monitoring (no name)
Swendeman [85]
Y Y Y Y N 100
SOLVE
Christensen [69]
Y Y Y Y N 100
TXT-Auto
Reback [81]
N N N N N 100
WRAPP
Bowen [67]
(internet-delivered risk reduction; no name; preliminary work to WRAPP)
N Y Y N N 60
Bowen [56] Y Y Y N N 100
Williams [87]
(Hope Project; extends WRAPP)
N Y N N N 80
Schonnesson [83]
(SMART; Swedish adaptation of WRAPP)
Y Y Y N N 100