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Table 1 Barriers and facilitators and participant numbers

From: A systematic review of the barriers to and facilitators of the use of evidence by philanthropists when determining which charities (including health charities or programmes) to fund

  Quantitative study
N = 3254
Fidelity study [4]
Mixed methods studies
N = 923
Carrington study [2]—40 participants
Tillotson study [8]—500 participants + 383 professional services firms
Qualitative studies
N = 306
Breeze study [1]—60 participants
Kail Study [6]—9 participants
Ravenscroft Study [7]—13 participants
Van Poortvliet Study [9]—12 participants
David & Lucille Packard Study [3]—12 participants
Jones et al. [5]—200 participants
Difficulty accessing evidence
Studies 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. 6, 7, 9
80% (n = 2604) expressed concerns that there was not sufficient relevant information to determine the credibility and trustworthiness of a non-profit or what the impact of their donation is. n = 40 n = 306
Challenges in understanding the evidence
Studies 1, 2, 5, 7, 9
65% (n = 2115) did not know the impact of their funding. N/A n = 285
Insufficient resources
Studies 1, 2, 5, 7. 8, 9
N/A n = 923 n = 285
Knowledge transfer and ease of access
Studies 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9
65% of (n = 2115) would give more if they had at least one insight into the impact of their giving. n = 40 n = 246
Professional advisors
Studies 2, 6, 8
N/A n = 923 n = 9
Broader definition of what counts as credible evidence and standardisation of reporting
Studies 2, 5, 7, 9
N/A n = 40 n = 225