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Table 3 Frequency and direction of reported indicators of HBH according to the NCPF

From: Indicators of home-based hospitalization model and strategies for its implementation: a systematic review of reviews

Subsystems, dimensions, and indicators from the NCPF No. of systematic reviews and meta-analyses
Positive indicators of HBH Negative indicators of HBH Neutral indicators of HBH
1. Acquiring, deploying and maintaining nursing resources  
Economic sustainability  
  Cost of resources 9 - 5
  Use of hospital beds* 1 - -
  New emergency consultations* 2 - -
  Use of healthcare services* 1 -
  Cost per case-mix or patient-day 1 - -
2. Transforming nursing resources into relevant nursing services  
Nursing processes  
  Problem and symptom management 3 - 1
Patient centrality in the nursing care delivery process    
  Continuity (reactivity, timeliness, coordination) 1 - -
  Patient/family involvement (self-care/information/education) 1 - 1
Professional satisfaction 2 1 -
3. Producing changes in patients’ conditions  
Risk outcomes and safety  
  Medication management: errors and complications - 1 2
  Pulmonary infections - 1 -
  Pressure ulcers/skin integrity - 1 -
  Urinary complications 1 - -
  Bowel complications* 1 - -
  Intravenous infections - 2 -
Patient comfort and quality of life related to care  
 Symptom management (e.g., pain, nausea, dyspnea, fever) 3 - -
  Comfort and quality of life (taken broadly) 5 - 3
Patient functional status  
  Physical functional capacity - 1 -
  Cognitive and psychosocial functional capacity 5 - 1
  Functional capacity 1 - 4
  Nutritional status 2 - -
Patient and caregivers satisfaction    
  Patient satisfaction/complaints 11 1 2
  Satisfaction of caregivers and complaints* 4 2 3
Joint contribution of nursing with other care    
  Hospital mortality 5 - 7
  Readmissions 4 - 7
  Length of stay 6 1 2
  Survival time* - - 1
  1. *New HBH indicator identified in the systematic reviews and meta-analyses and integrated to the NCPF