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Table 2 Definitions and examples of the ecological levels

From: Barriers and facilitators to implementation of epilepsy self-management programs: a systematic review using qualitative evidence synthesis methods

LevelDefinitionExamples
PersonThe individual characteristics of the patient or caregiver who is engaging in the epilepsy self-management intervention• Individual’s current engagement in self-management behaviors [47]
• Ability of the individual to obtain self-management skills [40]
ProgramSelf-management intervention being implemented and evaluated• Provision of relevant topics that enabled self-management skill acquisition [42, 48]
• Involving caregivers in the intervention [49]
Site/systemHealth care site or system where the self-management intervention is being implemented and evaluated that highlights the usability of the intervention• Uniform program standards [42]
• Provider characteristics such as job role within the organization [50]