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Table 1 PECOd framework for eligibility of research question

From: Mapping evidence on the prevalence, incidence, risk factors and cost associated with chronic low back pain among adults in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic scoping review protocol

CriteriaDeterminants
PopulationIndividual with chronic low back pain
ExposureChronic low back pain
ContextSub-Saharan Africa
Outcome1. Prevalence
2. Incidence
3. Mortality
4. Risk factors
5. Associated costs
6. Comorbidities and disabilities associated
DesignCohort, cross-sectional studies