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Table 5 Classification of the six high quality tools according to CREATE framework

From: A systematic review and taxonomy of tools for evaluating evidence-based medicine teaching in medical education

Assessment categoryType of assessmentSteps of EBM
7Benefits to patientsPatient-oriented outcomes     
6BehavioursActivity monitoring     
5SkillsPerformance assessmentFresno
ACE
Fresno
ACE
Berlin’s
Fresno
ACE
MacRae
ACE 
4KnowledgeCognitive testingFresno
ACE
U-CEP
Fresno
ACE  Taylor's
Taylor’s
Berlins
Fresno
ACE
UCEP
MacRae
ACE
UCEP
 
3Self-efficacySelf-report/opinion     
2Attitudes  Taylor'sTaylor’s  
1Reaction to the educational experience     
 AskSearchAppraiseIntegrateEvaluate
  1. Audience characteristic: students and trainees in medical education.
  2. Assessment aims: formative