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Table 3 High quality tools with ≥ 3 types of established validity

From: A systematic review and taxonomy of tools for evaluating evidence-based medicine teaching in medical education

ToolReported psychometric properties
Content validityInterrater reliabilityInternal validityResponsive validityDiscriminative validityConstruct ValidityInternal reliability (ITC)External validity
Taylor’s questionnaire [14]Yes YesYesYes   
Berlin [7]Yes YesYesYes   
Fresno [6]YesYesYes Yes   
ACE [15]YesYesYesYesYes   
Utrecht questionnaire [16]Yes YesYesYesYesYesYes
MacRae [17]YesYesYes YesYes