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Table 2 Classification of tools against the seven educational outcome domains

From: A systematic review and taxonomy of tools for evaluating evidence-based medicine teaching in medical education

 Outcome domains assessed by the twelve EBM instruments
Reaction to EBM teachingAttitudeSelf-efficacyKnowledgeSkillsBehavioursPatient benefit
Taylor’s questionnaire Yes Yes   
Berlin   YesYes  
Fresno   YesYes  
ACE   YesYes  
Utrecht questionnaire U-CEP   Yes   
MacRae examination   YesYes  
EBM test   YesYes  
Educational prescription   YesYes  
Mendiola   Yes   
Tudiver OSCE    Yes  
Frohna’s OSCE    Yes  
BACES   YesYes