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Table 1 Classification of tools against EBM steps evaluated

From: A systematic review and taxonomy of tools for evaluating evidence-based medicine teaching in medical education

ToolEBM steps
AskAcquireAppraiseApplyAssess
Taylor’s questionnaire [14] YesYes  
Berlin [7]  Yes  
Fresno [6]YesYesYes  
ACE [15]YesYesYesYes 
Utrecht questionnaire U-CEP [16]Yes YesYes 
MacRae examination [17]  Yes  
EBM test [18]YesYesYes  
Educational prescription [19]YesYesYesYes 
Mendiola-mcq [20]  Yes  
Tudiver OSCE [21]YesYesYes  
Frohna’s OSCE [22]YesYesYesYes 
BACES [23]  Yes