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Table 1 The original scoping review framework proposed by Arksey and O’Malley [24, 25]

From: Mapping the evidence on health equity considerations in economic evaluations of health interventions: a scoping review protocol

StageDescription
1.Identifying the research question• As a guide to build a research strategy.
• Should be wide enough to generate a breadth of coverage.
2.Identifying relevant studies• Via different sources: electronic databases, reference lists, hand-searching of key journals, existing networks, relevant organizations, and conferences.
• Make decision about the coverage of the review in terms of time span and language (consider time and budget constraints).
3.Study selection• The criteria for the inclusion/exclusion criteria are device post hoc based on increasing familiarity with the subject matter through reading the studies.
• Use an iterative team approach to select the studies and extract the data.
4.Charting the data• The work involves “charting” key items of the information obtained from the primary research reports being reviewed.
• A data-charting form is developed and used to extract data from each study.
5.Collating, summarizing, and reporting the results• An analytic framework or thematic construction is used to provide an overview of the breadth of the literature but not a synthesis.
• A numerical analysis of the extent and nature of the studies using tables and charts is presented. A thematic analysis is then presented.
• Clarity and consistency are required when reporting results.
6.Consultation exercise (optional)• Provides opportunities for consumer and stakeholder involvement to suggest additional references and provide insights beyond those in the literature.