|1.||Identifying the research question||• As a guide to build a research strategy.|
• Should be wide enough to generate a breadth of coverage.
|2.||Identifying relevant studies||• Via different sources: electronic databases, reference lists, hand-searching of key journals, existing networks, relevant organizations, and conferences.|
• Make decision about the coverage of the review in terms of time span and language (consider time and budget constraints).
|3.||Study selection||• The criteria for the inclusion/exclusion criteria are device post hoc based on increasing familiarity with the subject matter through reading the studies.|
• Use an iterative team approach to select the studies and extract the data.
|4.||Charting the data||• The work involves “charting” key items of the information obtained from the primary research reports being reviewed.|
• A data-charting form is developed and used to extract data from each study.
|5.||Collating, summarizing, and reporting the results||• An analytic framework or thematic construction is used to provide an overview of the breadth of the literature but not a synthesis.|
• A numerical analysis of the extent and nature of the studies using tables and charts is presented. A thematic analysis is then presented.
• Clarity and consistency are required when reporting results.
|6.||Consultation exercise (optional)||• Provides opportunities for consumer and stakeholder involvement to suggest additional references and provide insights beyond those in the literature.|