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Table 3 Recommended level of exercise for patient with hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease

From: Adding exercise to usual care in patients with hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus and/or cardiovascular disease: a protocol for a systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis

Organisation Recommended level of exercise for patient with hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease
European Society of Cardiology ‘Hypertensive patient should participate in at least at least 30 min of moderate-intensity dynamic aerobic exercise (walking, jogging, cycling or swimming) on 5–7 days/week. Performance of resistance exercises on 2–3 days/week can also be advised [3, 28]’.
American Diabetes Association ‘Adults with diabetes should engage in 150 min or more of moderate-to-vigorous intensity activity weekly, spread over at least 3 days/week, with no more than 2 consecutive days without activity. Shorter durations (minimum 75 min/week) of vigorous intensity or interval training may be sufficient for younger and more physically fit individuals. In absence of contraindication, patient should be encouraged to perform resistance exercise at least twice per week [21]’.
American Heart Association ‘Endurance training of ≥ 5 day/week for 30–60 min and resistance training of 2–3 days/week for 30–45 min as therapy for cardiovascular patient [19]’.
Consensus for physical activity for Indian Asians ‘210 min per week of moderate-intensity physical activity for patient with cardiovascular disease and hypertension.
Daily physical activity of 60-min duration including 10–15 min of resistance exercise and work-related activity should be maintained for all days of the week for patient with diabetes [29]’.