Skip to main content

Table 2 Common forms of exercise

From: Adding exercise to usual care in patients with hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus and/or cardiovascular disease: a protocol for a systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis

Type of exercise Description
Dynamic aerobic exercise Various sustained exercises such as jogging, rowing, swimming or cycling that stimulate and strengthen the heart and lungs thereby improving the body’s utilisation of oxygen
Dynamic resistance exercise Resistance exercise involves activities that use low or moderate repetition movements against resistance (dumbbells, bricks, rubber tubes, weight lifting) in an aim to increase strength, tone and endurance
Combined exercise Combination of both aerobic exercise and resistance exercise
Isometric resistance exercise Exercises that involve static contraction of muscles without joint movement such as planks, squat, shooting, horseback riding, judo and climbing
Body mind therapies Activities such as yoga and Tai Chi which emphasises on relaxation, meditation which combines light aerobic activities, balancing and flexibility exercises