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Table 2 Study characteristics

From: Lifestyle interventions to maternal weight loss after birth: a systematic review

[19]Phelan et al. (2017)Effect of an Internet-Based Program on Weight Loss for Low-income postpartum women - A Randomized Clinical TrialCalifornia, USAPostpartum women (6 weeks to 12 months postpartum), BMI above 25, or with a BMI 22–24.9, but exceeding IOM recommendations for GWG with more than 4.5 kg. Age 18–40. English or Spanish speaking, non-smoking, owned a cell-phone, min. 5th grade education.
[25]Herring et al. (2014)Using Technology to Promote Postpartum Weight loss in Urban, Low-Income Mothers: A Pilot Randomized Controlled TrialPhiladelphia, PA, USA.Postpartum women, who delivered a singleton within the last 2 to 12 months, min. 18 years old, early pregnancy BMI greater than or equal to 25, weight at enrolment that exceeded early pregnancy weight by at least 5 kg.
[26]Herring et al. (2017)Intervening during and after pregnancy to prevent weight retention among African American womenPhiladelphia, PA, USA.African American Women (36% overweight; 64% obese).
[27]Gilmore et al. (2017)Personalized Mobile Health Intervention for Health and Weight Loss in Postpartum Women Receiving Women, Infants, and Children Benefit: A Randomized Controlled Pilot StudyBaton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.Postpartum women, who gave birth within the past 8 weeks, no younger than 18 years old, overweight or obese (BMI from 25 up to 40), certified for WIC postpartum services, and English speaking.
[28]Tripette et al. (2014)Home-Based Active Video Games to Promote Weight Loss during the Postpartum PeriodTokyo Metropolitan Area, JapanPostpartum women with a BMI 24.5 ± 3,4. 3 months to 1 year postpartum
[29]Maturi et al. (2011)Effect of physical activity intervention based on a pedometer on physical activity level and anthropometric measures after childbirth: a randomized controlled trialAbadan, IranPostpartum women who had given birth 6 weeks to 12 months prior
[30]Albright et al. (2014)Effectiveness of a 12-month randomized clinical trial to increase physical activity in multi-ethnic postpartum women: Results from Hawaii’s Nā Mikimiki ProjectHawaii, USAHealthy, postpartum women, who were not regularly active (< 30 min moderate to vigorous physical activity/week); 18–45 years of age; BMIs from 18.5 to 40; infants between 2 and 12 months.
[31]Colleran and Lovelady (2012)Use of MyPyramid Menu Planner for Moms in a Weight-Loss Intervention during LactationMinnesota, USAMothers between 23 and 37 years of age with full-term (37 weeks) infants less than 3 weeks old, self-reported postpartum body mass index (BMI; calculated as kg/m2) between 25 and 30, fully breastfeeding, 3 days a week of structured physical activity for the past 3 months, cleared by their physician to participate in exercise
ReferenceData gathering (year)Follow-up periodOutcome measure(s)Sample SizeDrop out/percentageSignificant change?
[19]2011–201512 monthsWeight loss, physical activity and diet changeN = 37188 persons/23.72%Yes
[25]No information14 weeksWeight loss, physical activity, and energy intakeN = 181 person/5.55%Yes, weight loss and energy intake. No change in physical activity
[26]2013–201416–20 monthsWeight loss (percentage of women who regain or are below their early pregnancy weight by 6 months postpartum/12 months postpartumN = 6610 persons/15.15%Yes, at 6 months postpartum, but not at 12 months postpartum
[27]No information16 weeksWeight loss, vital signs, circumferences, body compositionN = 405 persons/12.50%No, only within high adherence groups (body weight and body fat reduction)
[28]No information40 daysWeight loss, improve body compositionN = 344 persons/11.75%Yes
[29]201012 weeksPhysical activity, weight lossN = 664 persons/6.06%Yes
[30]2008–201112 monthsModerate-to-vigorous physical activity/weekN = 31162 persons/19.94%Yes, but only among those with low MVPA at baseline.
[31]2008–201016 weeksWeight loss, energy intakeN = 314 persons/12.90%Yes
ReferenceAdherence issuesPublished protocol?Intention to treat (ITT)ICT component(s)ICT alone or as a supplement to counseling?Voucher/present
[19]Yes, there is a correlation between adherence and resultsYesYesWebsite, text messages, accelerometerICT is a supplement to counseling.25 dollars for completing baseline and 6 months’ assessment, and 50 dollars for the 12 months’ assessment.
[25]Yes, over time there is an issue with adherenceNot mentionedYesHealthy 4Baby, Daily text messages, Bi-weekly phone calls from a coach, Training skills through FacebookICT is a supplement to counseling.20 dollars per assessment/raffle 25 dollars for giving feedback
[26]No problem with adherence. Text messages used to avoid lack of adherenceNot mentionedModified ITT approachText messages, Being Healthy4Baby, Facebook, Website, Phone callsICT is a supplement to counseling.100% attendance = 120 dollars voucher for time/travel
[27]YesNot mentionedYesSmart Loss Application, SmartPhone, Body trace scale, FitBit Zip accelerometer (Bluetooth), Phone, E-mail, Text messages, Sense wear armband.ICT is a supplement to counseling.Not mentioned
[28]No problem with adherence, but it is discussed that over time it could be an issueNo, but the authors have made one that has been approvedHalf fulfilledVideo game, Nintendo Wii, CD, Game, Wii console, emailICT stands alone.Not mentioned
[29]No problem with adherenceNot mentionedNot fulfilledPedometer, Text messages, Phone callsICT is a supplement to counseling.Not mentioned
[30]Not mentionedNo, but the authors have made one that has been approvedYesPhone calls, accelerometer, websiteICT is a supplement to counseling.60 dollar gift card for participation
[31]Not mentionedNo, but the authors have made one that has been approvedNot fulfilledEmail account, MyPyramidPlanner,ICT is a supplement to counseling.Not mentioned