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Table 1 Eligibility criteria

From: Performance properties of health-related measurement instruments in whiplash: systematic review protocol

Criterion Explanation
Study designs Development, adaptation, translation, or evaluation of measurement properties of measurement instruments. Reviews will be initially included for citation tracking.
Population Patients with clinical manifestation of whiplash defined according to the Québec Task Force on Whiplash-Associated Disorders: “Whiplash is an acceleration-deceleration mechanism of energy transfer to the neck. It may result from rear end or side-impact motor vehicle collisions, but can also occur during diving or other mishaps. The impact may result in bony or soft-tissue injuries (whiplash injury), which in turn may lead to a variety of clinical manifestations (Whiplash-Associated Disorders) [10].”
For content/face validity studies: > 50% of the patients with whiplash when patients are involved.
For all other studies: > 50% of the whole study population with whiplash OR separate sub-group analysis of patients with whiplash performed.
Severity Whiplash grade 0–IV according to the Quebec Task Force classification of whiplash-associated disorders [10].
Type of measure Unrestricted, including but not limited to classifications, patient-reported outcome measures, prediction rules/models, performance-based measures and imaging.
Construct All health-related constructs addressed in the literature.
Timing Acute (≤ 3 months) and chronic (> 3 months) phase
Settings Acute care, rehabilitation, and community
Language Unrestricted